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11 terms

Gen. Psych-Module 1

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Behaviorism
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
Humanistic psychology
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Nature-nurture issue
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.
Biopsychosocial approach
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
Basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
Applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
Counseling psychology
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being
Clinical psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
Psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy
SQ3R
a study method incorporating five steps: Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review