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Study Guide for Art of Interp
Terms in this set (36)
Reasoning about God
Is fundamentally about the disclosure of God not doctrine
Means of Special Revelation
- Written Word
- Angelic Pronouncements
- Prophetic Proclamation
- Dreams and Visions
- Through Jesus Christ
The extent of inspiration is not just to the thoughts and ideas of Scripture, but even the very words chosen in the original autographs.
The whole of Scripture is inspired. Not just the words of Jesus or Moses, not just the Wisdom literature or prophetic writings, but all of it.
The scripture does not contain error in its ideas. It can not be said that the Bible may be the word of God, but it is wrong when it talks about this or that.
Inerrant (Original Manuscripts)
The Scripture does not contain errors in its information. The facts that come out of Scripture are true and accurate.
3 Foundational Truths
- Good interpretation begins by leaving all "pre understanding" behind and letting the detail of the text speak.
- The Bible is not contradictory; it is unified, yet diverse. God is bigger than we are, and He is not always easy to comprehend. Thus the Bible also has tension and mystery to it.
- Every passage of Scripture has one meaning and many applications.
Major Challenges of Hermeneutics
Three Important Tools
- A concordance (keyed to your Bible version);
- A simple word-study tool like Vine's Expository Dictionary of Old and New testament Words Or
- A more advanced Dictionary such as Colin Brown's Dictionary of New Testament Theology
Important Questions to Ask in the Interpretive Process
- What did the text mean to the bible audience?
- What are the differences between the biblical audience and today?
- What is the most natural meaning of the text?
- How does the theological principle of this passage fit with the rest of the Bible?
After prayer, the most important and helpful step to interpretation:
Types of Context
- Literary Context
- Historical Context
- Cultural Context
- Geographical Context
- Theological Context
Three important questions to ask in a word study
- How often is a word used in the book or both the Old or New Testament?
- How is a word used in the book or both the Old or New Testament?
- What does the word mean?
- Cases: A Matter of Function with Nouns
- Gender: A Matter of Grammatical Distinction
- Tense: A Matter of Time and Kind of Action with Verbs
- Present - Present action, contunous or incomplete
- Aorist - Punctiliar action or point in time action, completed action (seeing a series of events as a whole)
- Mood: A Matter of Relation to Reality
- Indicative - Factual
- Imperative - commands
- Subjunctive - probability
- Optative - possibility
- Voice: A Matter of How the Subject is Related to the Verb
Figures of Speech
- Intentional exaggeration
- Comparison between two things..."like"
- Direct comparison without "like"
- Used to convey the opposite of literal meaning
- Culturally specific meaning
- Gentler and more pleasant substitute for harsher relations
When studying discourses, look for these
Connections between paragraphs and episodes
Culturally significant details
Inclusio, the use of the same word, statement, event or theme at beginning and end of passage
Occurs when the second or subsequent line repeats or reinforces the sense of the first line.
The second or subsequent line contrasts the thought of the first, often reinforcing the first line by the contrast.
One line makes a statement figuratively while the other makes the statement literally.
A part of the first line is repeated while new elements build up to a climax.
Introverted Parallelism - Chiasmus
Two lines stand closely together, and they are balanced off against two other lines.
Secret to Understanding the Proverbs
Proverbs should never be taken as very literal and having many specific meanings.
3 Principles at work in the composition of the Gospels:
Narratives in the gospels
Narratives in the Gospels function as ethical and moral lessons.
Principles for exegeting parables
Parables are NOT allegories. (In an allegory, everything symbolizes something else.)
2. Understand the "earthly details" of the parable as the original hearers did.
3. Note the attitude and spiritual condition of the original hearers.
4. If possible, note the situation that prompted Jesus to use the parable.
5. Parables often have an unexpected twist.
6. Parables anticipate response, so state concisely the main point of the parable.
What literary division of thought must you keep in mind when working with epistles?
When studying sentences in the epistles, look for these...
Repetition of words
Cause and effect
When studying paragraphs in the epistles, look for these...
General and specific statements
Questions and answers
Understanding the Prophets
Most prophets served as "covenant enforcers" not fortune-tellers
Think "oracles"— like you think of paragraphs in the Epistles so the units of thought in prophecy are oracles. (Example: Amos 5)
The purpose of prophecy was always to call people to moral and spiritual reform—to changed behavior.
Five Common Prophetic Forms
The Lawsuit—God accusing Israel of breaking covenant
The Woe—announcement of judgement
The Promise—future blessings
The Enactment Prophecy—physical actions with spiritual meanings
The Messenger Speech— "Thus says the Lord"
The Anatomy of An Idea
Subject - What is the author talking about?
Complement - What is the author saying about what he is talking about?
Two Truths to Re-affirm
The perspicuity (basic clarity) of Scripture
The ministry of the Holy Spirit
Tow methods to consider
1. Listen and Pause - Epistles, Poetry, Prophecy, Proverbs, etc.
2. Visualize and Participate - Narratives, Gospels
Lectio Divina - "Sacred Reading"
Quiet down to hear
Lectio - Read
Meditatio - Reflect
Oratio - Pray
Contemplatio - Rest
Approaches to the Old Testament
Dismiss it ... as the Bible of the Jews.
Pick and choose from it ... to illustrate truths in the New Testament.
Refer to it ... only when it is quoted in the New Testament.
Read it ... to identify the metanarrative of Scripture.
Study it ... to see how it points to Jesus.
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