Terms in this set (39)

Both used stone weapons and tools for fighting or crafting. Both also used irrigation systems to sustain their agriculture. Economically, both the Mayans and Aztec had agricultural economies. They also both bolstered their economy with selling woven goods and jewelry. Politically, both the Mayans and Aztecs were ruled by a King/Monarch. This monarch was chosen because of his lineage to the gods. Geographically, they were both located in Central America. Technologically, the two groups participated in the building of monumental structures. They also used a detailed calendar system to determine their seasons and guide their ceremonies. Culturally, the Maya and the Aztecs both participated in wars for tribute purposes. They offered the war captives as human sacrifices, a practice that was central to their religious beliefs. The two groups were also polytheist, each believing in a variety of gods based on nature. The two groups also had different social classes within their communities.
The Mayans are an older people and were around a thousand years before the Aztecs even arrived in Central America.
Summary:
1.Aztecs believed in human sacrifice, the Mayans believed in offering blood.
2.The Mayans had a scientific bent of mind and studied the stars, The Aztecs were warlike.
3.The Mayans had city states each ruled by a sovereign ruler, the Aztecs were ruled by a supreme ruler.
4.Aztecs spoke Nahuatl, while the Mayans spoke Maya.
5.Aztecs called God Quetzalcoatl and the Mayans Kukulcan.
6.The Mayan style of art was true to life, having representations of contemporary life in murals. The Aztecs were outstanding craftsmen and sculptors
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