37 terms

Odyssey Part 1 Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Poseidon
god of the sea
Circe
The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus's crew into swine when he lands on her island.
Athena
Favorite daughter of Zeus. Greek goddess of wisdom, war and peace; friend of Odysseus
the Sirens
Creatures who can spellbind any man alive who catches their voice in the air.
Scylla
6 headed monster lives on this island
Charybdis
female monster who sucks water to form a deadly whirlpool
Helios
sun god
Telemachus
son of Odysseus and Penelope, heir to the throne of Ithaca
Ithaca
Home of Odysseus
Odysseus
Main character of the Odyssey. Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero.
Penelope
The wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity
epic hero
A main character in an epic whose legendary or heroic actions are central to his/her culture, race, or nation.
odyssey
A long journey
epic
A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Homer
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
conflict
A struggle between opposing forces
Beginning in medias res
starting in the middle, so most of the story is a flashback
Iliad
Epic poem that tells the story of the Trojan War
Olympus
A mountain in Greece, which is home to many of the gods and goddesses
Troy
A kingdom that was destroyed by the Greeks in the Trojan War. It is located on the western coast of Asia Minor
Underworld
the world of the dead
Achaeans
Greeks; specifically, the people of Achaea in northeastern Greece.
Cicones
Citizens of Thrace, allies of Troy; Odysseus and his men raid Thrace after they leave Troy.
Lotus Eaters
Legendary people visited by Odysseus, they live on a plant whose fruit induces stupor and forgetfulness of home
Laertes
the father of Odysseus
Alcinous
King of the Phaeacians on Scheria, who helps Odysseus.
Aeolus
A mortal whom Zeus has appointed keeper of the winds.
Calypso
the sea nymph who detained Odysseus for seven years
Polyphemus
A cyclops (one-eyed giant) and son of Poseidon
Hermes
messenger and herald of the gods
Laestrygonians
A race of cannibals who throw boulders at Odysseus' ships
Tiresias
blind prophet who advised Odysseus
Zeus
King of the gods
Cyclopes
Race of one-eyed monsters who live lawless and don't fear the gods
Homeric simile / Epic Simile
Compare heroic or epic events to simple and easily understandable everyday events; long--usually over many lines.
invocation of the muse
the poet's appeal to the goddess of poetry

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