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Gov Test: Judicial System
Terms in this set (30)
Who created the federal district courts?
it was created by all congress.
Who created the federal courts of appeals?
created by congress
How many federal courts are there?
12 federal courts
Which federal court is the closest to Florida?
What court is the top level court and most powerful courts in country?
Who created the Supreme Court?
If supreme court reaches decision can you go anywhere else?
once supreme court reaches its decision, no other place to go, but if justices change, then they go back on that decision
In the Writ of certiorari, how many justices must agree to hear the case?
4/ 9 judges must be convinced 2 hear the case
What consists of criminal law?
murder, breaking in and entering, D.U.I, rape
What is always the plaintiff?
the government (party bringing charges)
What is a misdemeanor?
not as bad, minor offenses punishable by a small fine or imprisonment of less than a year
What consists of misdemeanors?
petty theft; drunkenness; cruelty to animals; gambling; reckless driving
What is felony?
serious offenses punishable by heavy fines, long prison terms or death
crimes against people and or property
What consist of a felony?
grand theft, aggravates assault, arson, kidnapping, rape, murder
What is civil law?
it involves disputes between citizens or between governments = sueing
What are tort cases?
disputes that arise out of obligations inherent in social life
What is an example of tort cases?
negligence and slander
What is slander?
spoken, use false malicious statements to damage someone's reputation
libel - written
What is constitutional law?
It involves judicial review of the basis of government action in relation to specific clauses of the constitution as interpreted in Supreme Court cases
How do judges become state judges?
appointed or elected depends on state
Who appoints federal judges?
It takes what kind of vote in the senate to approve an appointment of a federal judge by the president?
Who suggests to the president to appoint a federal judge?
a senator from the senates state tells the president from his party
What is senatorial courtesy?
if the senator does NOT support the judicial candidate from her own state then the nomination has little chance of passing
What do the federal judges have to do in regards of rule interpretation?
match facts of specific cases to judicial principles an statutory guidelines (precedents)
Who is on the judicial restraint?
Who is the judicial activism?
liberals (conservatives can be active when they "undo" decisions and precedents established by activist liberals
What are examples of class action lawsuits?
polluters, gun manufactures cigarette companions, brokerage firms)
How do justices serve?
Good behavior (life tenure)
What is life tenure?
they serve for life
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
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