115 terms

Anterior Abdominal Wall

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Right dome of the diaphragm rises as high as the
5th rib
Left dome of the diaphragm rises as high as the
5th intercostal space
Abdominal wall proper consists of the
Five lumbar vertebrae
Wings of the ilium
Right upper quadrant organs (10)
Right lobe of the liver
Gallbladder
Pylorus of the stomach
Parts 1-3 of the duodenum
Head of the pancreas
Right suprarenal gland
Right kidney
Right colic (hepatic) fixture
Superior part of the ascending colon
Right half of the transverse colon
Right lobe of the liver is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Gallbladder is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Pylorus of the stomach is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Parts 1-3 of the duodenum are found in the
Right upper quadrant
Head of the pancreas is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Right suprarenal gland is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Right kidney is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Right colic (hepatic) fixture is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Superior part of the ascending colon is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Right half of the transverse colon is found in the
Right upper quadrant
Left lobe of the liver is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Spleen is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Stomach is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Jejunum is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Proximal ileum is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Pancreas is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Left kidney is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Left suprarenal gland is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Left colic (splenic) fixture is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Left half of the transverse colon is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Superior part of the descending colon is found in the
Left upper quadrant
Left upper quadrant organs (11)
Left lobe of the liver
Spleen
Stomach
Jejunum
Proximal ileum
Pancreas
Left kidney
Left suprarenal gland
Left colic (splenic) fixture
Left half of the transverse colon
Superior part of the descending colon
Cecum is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Appendix is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Most of the ileum is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Inferior part of the ascending colon is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Right ovary is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Right uterine tube is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Abdominal part of the right ureter is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Abdominal part of the right spermatic cord is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Uterus, if enlarged, is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant
Urinary bladder, if very full, is found in the
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant
Right lower quadrant organs (10)
Cecum
Appendix
Ileum
Inferior part of the ascending colon
Right ovary
Right uterine tube
Right spermatic cord
Enlarged uterus
Full bladder
Sigmoid colon is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Inferior part of the descending colon is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Left ovary is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Left uterine tube is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Abdominal part of the left ureter is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Abdominal part of the left spermatic cord is found in the
Left lower quadrant
Subcostal plane, aka
Transpyloric plane
Subcostal plane or transpyloric plane passes through the
10th costal cartilages
Transtubercular plane passes through the
Tubercles of the iliac crest at L5
Midline regions of the abdomen (3)
Epigastric
Umbilical
Hypogastric or pubic
Lateral regions of the abdomen (3, right and left)
Hypochondriac
Lateral or flank
Inguinal or groin
Surgical cuts through the skin should be made along
lines of tension aka
cleavage lines aka
Langer's lines
9 Abdominal regions (image)
Superficial fascia contains lateral and anterior cutaneous branches of (4)
Thoracoabdominal nerves (T7-11)
Subcostal nerves (T12)
Ilihypogastric nerves (L1)
Ilioinguinal nerves (L1)
Thoracoabdominal nerves are supplied by what spinal nerve?
T7-11
Subcostal nerve is supplied by what spinal nerve?
T12
Iliohypogastric nerve is supplied by what spinal nerve?
L1
Ilioinguinal nerve is supplied by what spinal nerve?
L1
Superficial arteries include (2)
Superficial epigastric arteries
Superficial circumflex iliac arteries
Deeper arteries include (3)
Inferior epigastric artery
Superior epigastric artery
Deep circumflex iliac artery
Superficial epigastric artery is a branch of the
Femoral artery
Superficial circumflex iliac artery is a branch of the
Femoral artery
Inferior epigastric artery is a branch of the
External iliac artery
Superior epigastric artery is a branch of the
Internal thoracic artery
Deep circumflex iliac artery is a branch of the
External iliac artery
Branches of the external iliac artery include the (2)
Inferior epigastric artery
Deep circumflex iliac artery
A potential source of collateral circulation is the anastamosis of (2)
Inferior epigastric artery / vein
Superior epigastric artery / vein
Collateral veins that form if inferior or superior vena cava is blocked are called
Caval-caval shunts
An example of a caval-caval shunt is the ___ vein
Thoracoepigastric
Thoracic epigastric vein is formed by the anastamosis of the (2)
Superficial epigastric vein
Lateral thoracic vein
Lateral thoracic vein is a branch of the
Axillary vein
Superficial lymphatic vessels above the umbilicus drain toward the
Axillary lymph nodes
Superfiical lymphatic vessels below the umbilicus drain toward the
Superficial inguinal lymph nodes
Superficial fatty fascia is called the
Camper's fascia
Deeper membranous fascia is called the
Scarpa's fascia
Scarpa's fascia fuses with
Fascia lata of the thigh
Anterolateral wall muscles (4)
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominus
Rectus abdominus
Rectus sheath formed by
Aponeuroses of:
External oblique
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominus
Scarpa's fascia is continuous with
Superficial penile fascia
Dartos fascia of scrotum
Colles' fascia of peritoneum
External oblique arises from
8 lower ribs
External oblique courses
Inferomedially
Right and left rectus sheath meet at the
Linea alba
Posterior fibers of the external oblique insert into the
Iliac crest
Inguinal ligament formed by rolled-under inferior free margin of
External oblique aponeurosis
Internal oblique arises from
Thoracolumbar fascia
Iliac crest
Lateral half of inguinal ligament
Interal oblique courses
Superomedially
The aponeurosis of the ___ splits around the rectus abdominus above the arcuate line
Internal oblique
The internal oblique aponeurosis splits around the ___ above the arcuate line
Rectus abdominus
The internal oblique aponeurosis splits around the rectus abdominus ___ the arcuate line
Above
The internal oblique aponeurosis splits around the rectus abdominus above the ___
Arcuate line
Conjoint tendon, aka
Falx inguinalis
Conjoint tendon composed of (2)
Most inferior fibers of internal oblique
Fibers of transversus abdominis
Transversus abdominus arises from
Costal cartilages 7-12
Thoracolumbar fascia
Iliac crest
Lateral 1/3 of the inguinal ligament
Transversus abdominus courses
Transversely, except at the conjoint tendon
Rectus abdominus arises from
Pubic crest
Rectus abdominus courses
Vertically
Rectus abdominus inserts on
Costal cartilages 5-7
Rectus abdominus bounded laterally by the
Linea semilunaris
Flexion of the trunk caused by
Bilateral contraction
Flexion of the trunk to one side caused by
Contraction of muscles on the same side
Flexion and rotation of the trunk caused by
One internal oblique contraction
External oblique contraction on the other side
Anterior boundary of the inguinal canal
External oblique aponeurosis
Internal oblique aponeurosis
Posterior boundary of the inguinal canal
Transversalis fascia
Conjoint tendon
Roof of the inguinal canal
Internal oblique
Transversus abdominis
Floor of the inguinal canal
Inguinal ligament
Lacunar ligament
Indirect inguinal hernia
Leaves abdominal cavity lateral to inferior epigastric artery
Exits through superficial inguinal ring
3 fascial coverings of indirect inguinal hernia
Internal spermatic fascia
Cremasteric fascia
External spermatic fascia
Internal spermatic fascia arises from
Transversalis fascia
Cremasteric fascia arises from
Internal oblique
External spermatic fascia arises from
External oblique aponeurosis
Indirect inguinal hernia is __ in nature
Congenital
Canal of Nuck is
Persistant vaginalis processus presenting as a peritoneal pouch
Direct inguinal hernia
Leaves the abdominal cavity medial to the inferior epigastric artery
Pushes directly into inguinal canal or around weak conjoint tendon
Hesselbach's triangle
Inferior epigastric artery
Rectus abdominis
Inguinal ligament
Fascial covering of direct inguinal henria arises from
Transversalis fascia
External spermatic fascia
Omphalocele
Failure of bowel to return to body cavity
Covered by amnion
Gastroschisis
Herniation of abdominal contents through body wall
Not covered by amnion
Incisional hernias
Improper healing following surgery
Weakness of abdominal all muscles following cutting of their motor nerve supplies