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220 terms

Art appreciation final

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is not a component of graphic design?
haute couture
In ____ weaving, found in carpeting and in velvet, loops or knots are tied and when the knotting is finished, the ends are cut to create an even surface.
pile
The gold Russian pectoral piece, produced in the 4th century B.C.E., depicts a mythical creature that is half lion and half eagle, known as a ____, in the lower register.
griffin
Probably the most famous piece of glassware known today is the ____, made by the ____ in the 3rd century C.E.
Portland Vase; Romans
The botanical whimsies of ____ are considered some of the finest examples of Art Nouveau glass.
Tiffany
The stylized tree of life and flowers the Tabriz Arbadil carpet, like many Persian rugs, portrays the old Islamic concept of ____.
paradise as a garden
Many cities in the Near East and Middle East have a circular tradition in urban design. This tradition likely reflects the belief that they were ____.
the center of the universe
No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a ____.
pictogram
Kiff Slemmon's ____ is a miniature sculpture that was constructed for the Artworks for AIDS exhibition and makes reference to the history of mass deaths.
Transport
The ____ developed the process of glass blowing and thus made ____ commonplace.
Romans; glass containers
From the ancient Greeks to the colonial Americans, the ____ has been found to be a useful basis for urban design.
gridiron
In weaving, the lengthwise fibers are called the ____.
warp
The Aeron Chair is a(n) ____ design considered to be the Porsche of office chairs.
ergonomic
Late 19th century posters of Parisian nightlife, such as Le Divan Japonais, were produced by ____, considered by many to be the father of the color lithograph poster.
Toulouse-Lautrec
Unlike a typical chandelier, Dale Chihuly's are a different species. They ____.
do not emit light of their own
The faces in Faith Ringgold's soft sculpture Mama Jones, Andrew, Barbara, and Faith are reminiscent of ____.
African masks
The ____ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on fabric.
batik
Glass that has been spun into fine filaments and is used for insulation is known as ____.
fiberglass
Cheryl Ann Thomas's contemporary work Relic130 is best categorized as ____.
coiling
Contemporary artist Ed Rossbach's wall hanging is made from construction paper and woven in such a way that the image of a ____ emerges from the background.
Handgun
The Dying Lioness from Nineveh is an example of ____, the most common art form in Assyria.
carved stone reliefs depicting war and hunting scenes
The art and architecture of the Mycenaean civilization reflects a preoccupation with ____ because, unlike Crete, it lacked the natural defense of a surrounding sea.
arms and fortification
Which of the following is considered one of the Bronze Age civilizations of preHellenic Greece?
the Cyclades
One of the earliest and most famous "fertility" figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ____.
Venus of Willendorf
The term labyrinthine well describes the huge, sprawling Palace at Knossos and the term comes from the myth of the ____.
minotaur
Linear A, a form of writing based on ____, was developed during the Middle Minoan period on the island of ____.
pictographs; Crete
When Heinrich Schliemann excavated Grave Circle A in Mycenae in the late 19th century, he discovered a treasure of ____.
gold
Much of ancient Egypt's art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____.
death or worship of the dead
In both the Akkadian Victory Stele of Naram Sin and the Egyptian Narmer Palette, the kings are depicted ____.
in combined frontal and profile view and larger than surrounding figures
The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut was carved out of living rock and is most impressive visually due to its three tiers of pillared ____.
colonnades
The Great Pyramids at Giza were built with massive blocks and ____.
surfaced with white limestone
In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter remarked "...a gasp of wonderment escaped our lips, so gorgeous was the sight that met our eye: a golden effigy of the young boy king..." Carter was referring to ____.
King Tut's solid gold coffin
In New Kingdom Egypt, Amenhotep IV started a revolution in both religion and the arts when he changed his name to Akhenaton to honor the sun god and became a ____. The period of his reign is known as the ____.
monotheist; Amarna period
In an architectural feat not duplicated until Roman times, the Mycenaeans constructed the Treasury of Atreus, a huge beehive shaped tomb known as a ____.-
tholos
Large scale tomb sculptures that were intended to house the spirit of the deceased if mummification failed were known as ____.
ka figures
It was during the Neolithic period that ____ monuments were erected and the most famous example is ____.
megalithic; Stonehenge
From the Latin word meaning wedge, ____ was a system of writing developed by the Sumerians.
Cuneiform
The Stele of Hammurabi depicts the Babylonian ruler Hammurabi gaining inspiration for his codified laws from the god(dess) ____.
Shamash
In the Victory Stele of Naram Sin, the king and his men are represented in a conceptual manner, probably meant to indicate ____.
respect and victory
The ____ was a multilevel temple designed by the religion oriented Sumerians but built by the later Babylonians and Assyrians.
Ziggurat
The François Vase, with black figures on a reddish background, is an example of the ____ painting technique and was produced during the ____ period of Greek art.
black figure; Archaic
The Fallen Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina was posed in such a way that the body's form corresponded to the sharp angles of the ____ on which it was placed.
pediment
The Roman equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius still exists only because it was mistakenly believed to be a portrait of ____, the first emperor to recognize Christianity.
Constantine
The fresco painting Ulysses in the Land of the Lestrygonians is an example of the ____ style of Roman wall painting. The Lestrygonians were ____.
Architectural; giant cannibals
The Colosseum in Rome consists of two back to back ____ and a combination of ____ columns that produce a sense of lightness proceeding from bottom to top tier.
amphitheaters; Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian
The emperor Maxentius ordered construction of a large basilica near the Roman forum. Little of it remains today, but its design set the precedent for many subsequent ____.
Christian churches
The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase indicate that it is a fine example of the ____ period of Greek art.
Geometric
Which of the follow elements of the Temple of Fortuna Virilus is not a Roman innovation?
The use of the Ionic order and post and lintel construction.
In the late years of the Roman Empire, the realism and idealism that had characterized Roman figural sculpture was replaced by a ____.
spiritual, otherworldly style
In an effort to produce an integrated look to the Parthenon, all of the following construction variations are found except that the ____.
top step of the platform is perfectly straight
Myron's Discobolos or Discus Thrower is representative of the most significant development in Early Classical art: the introduction of ____.
implied movement in sculpture
Some of the earliest freestanding sculptures of the Archaic period were kouros figures, or blocky statues of nude young men, all with a conventionalized facial expression called the ____.
Archaic smile
The Pantheon's dome is ____ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually.
coffered
The contrast of textures and fluidity and spontaneity of movement found in the Parthenon's pediment grouping called The Three Goddesses is typical of the ____ style.
Phidian
Much of the art of the Hellenistic period, like The Dying Gaul, illustrates that period's preoccupation with ____.
high drama, unleashed passion, and theatrical excess
The stylized faces of the man and wife represented on the Etruscan Sarcophagus from Cerveteri were most likely influenced by ____ sculpture.
Archaic
The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or "the measure of all things," a concept known as ____.
humanism
Praxiteles' Hermes and Dionysos, from the Late Classical period, depicts a graceful and naturalistic body stance, called the ____, and an increased emphasis on ____.
S curve; emotional expression
The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible.
arch and concrete
The Doric frieze was divided vertically into compartments. The triglyphs contained vertical grooves and the ____ were filled with sculpted figures.
Metopes
The massive dome of Hagia Sophia appears to be light and graceful due to ____.
light filtering through arched windows at its base
The most striking feature of the Great Mosque at Samarra , Iraq, is the spiral ____, from which a crier known as a(n) ____ called followers to prayer at certain hours.
minaret; muezzin
The exterior of the Romanesque St. Étienne served as a model for Gothic architecture because its ____ appeared repeatedly in Gothic churches.
two tower tripartite facade
The most significant architectural aspect of St. Michael's at Hildesheim is its use of the ____ to define the spaces within the rest of the church, thereby paving the way for Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
crossing square
____ was one of the first and most important churches erected during the Early Christian period. With its long nave and apse at one end, it was a(n) ____ plan church.
Old St. Peter's; Latin Cross
In St. Sernin, the ceiling structure is a stone barrel vault, which was necessary for ____.
fireproofing
In St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, the arms of its cross plan are equal in length and the interior focus is a central dome. This is known as a(n) ____.
Greek Cross plan
The first centuries after the death of Jesus, before Emperor Constantine proclaimed religious tolerance for Christians, were known as the ____.
Period of Persecution
The cathedral of Florence features all of the characteristics below except ____.
twin bell towers
Works such as the gold Scythian plaque from Siberia were primarily made by ____, and the designs reflect their fascination with ____
barbarian tribes; fantastic human animal forms
Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230 foot long Romanesque period Bayeux Tapestry, which describes ____ in a continuous narrative.
the invasion of England by William the Conqueror
The ____ were a huge network of galleries and burial chambers beneath the city of Rome where Christians worshiped in secret and buried their dead.
catacombs
The interior of St. Étienne has a sense of lightness because the development of the ____ made it possible to pierce the walls above the tribune gallery with a series of windows called a ____.
rib vault; clerestory
The San Vitale apse mosaic Justinian and Attendants is characterized by all of the following except ____.
that Justinian is by far the largest figure
In the Gothic period, ____ assumed a new role of importance in art and architecture.
the Virgin Mary
In The Annunciation to the Shepherds manuscript illumination from the Lectionary of Henry II, the humans are smaller than and below the angel, and the animals are smaller and lower than the humans. This technique is known as ____.
hierarchical scaling
The iconography of the stylized, doll like figures on the Weighing of Souls tympanum from the Cathedral of Autun was intended to convey ____.
fear and repentance
The jamb figures of Mary and Elizabeth on the west portal of Reims Cathedral are placed in a naturalistic weight shift stance also known as ____.
contrapposto
The plan of the English Gothic Salisbury Cathedral differs from French Gothic architecture in that it has ____.
a double transept and a square apse
Unlike Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculptural figures ____.
have drapery folds that are soft and reveal anatomy
The May calendar page of Les Très Riches Heures was a page from a ____, rendered in an ornate, courtly style known as ____.
Book of Hours; the International Gothic style
In his Creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most ____ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam.
dramatic negative space
The German Renaissance artist Matthias Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece is unusual and powerful for its ____.
tormented and dramatic depiction of the Crucifixion
In The Burial of Count Orgaz, the ____ painter El Greco's heavenly figures appear ____.
Spanish; extremely attenuated
In Jan van Eyck's strikingly detailed double portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, which of the following is not a symbolic reference in the painting?
The vase of lilies
For his bronze statue of David, the first life size nude since classical times, Donatello chose ____ as a prototype.
an underdeveloped adolescent boy
Northern Renaissance artists "married" religion with scenes and objects from everyday life by using ____.
symbolism
Using the laws of perspective in his Holy Trinity fresco, Masaccio created the illusion of an extension of the architectural space of the church by painting a(n) ____.
barrel vaulted chapel with holy and common figures
The Renaissance began in 1401 with a competition for the commission to sculpt bronze doors for the baptistery of Florence. The subject of the entry panels was ____.
The Sacrifice of Isaac
Jacopo Pontormo's Mannerist Entombment depicts all of the following except ____.
faces that are calm and display no emotion
The young artist Raphael painted numerous canvases of the Madonna and Child, but some of his most impressive compositions, like The School of Athens, were executed for ____.
the papal apartments in the Vatican
Piero della Francesca's Resurrection fresco was based on ____.
mathematical and geometric order
During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except ____.
spirituality and otherworldliness
The word ____ is derived from the French and means rebirth.
Renaissance
When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13 1/2 foot statue of David from ____
a single piece of almost unworkable marble
In his Adam and Eve engraving, the Northern Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer emphasizes the ____.
classically inspired beauty of the human body
The forms and composition of Titian's Venus of Urbino were evolved primarily from ____.
interactions of colors and contrasts of textures
The realism, symbolism, and complicated imagery found in Northern Renaissance paintings originated in and was influenced by ____.
manuscript illumination
Some of the purest examples of Renaissance Classicism are to be found in the ____ of Leon Battista Alberti.
architecture
Netherlandish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder's The Peasant Wedding is an excellent example of ____.
a genre painting
In his Syndics of the Draper's Guild, Rembrandt captures the men just as ____.
someone outside the canvas enters the room
Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter's?
The Sistine Chapel
Where was Pope John Paul II's body placed for viewing before it was moved to St. Peter's in April of 2005?
Clementine Hall
Spain was one of the wealthiest European countries during the Baroque and lavishly supported the arts, at least partly due to ____.
an influx of riches from the New World
Which of the following Baroque painters was an ambassador, diplomat, and court painter to dukes and kings and supervised a huge workshop of assistants?
Peter Paul Rubens
In both of their paintings of Judith Decapitating Holofernes, Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi utilized a harsh, theatrical "spotlight" effect known as ____.
tenebrism
In the story of Susannah and the Elders, the ultimate outcome was that ____.
Susannah was saved
In the apse of St. Peter's, Bernini combined architecture, sculpture, and stained glass to produce the brilliant golden display known as the ____.
Cathedra Petri
King Louis XIV's Palace at Versailles was originally the site of his ____
hunting lodge
For his mysterious Las Meninas, or the ____, Diego Velázquez dissolved his forms into small, roughly textured brushstrokes that would be the hallmark of ____ two centuries later.
maids in waiting; Impressionism
Which of the following does not describe Jan Vermeer's Young Woman with a Water Jug?
The colors are harsh and garish.
The Baroque era was born in ____, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the ____.
Rome; Reformation
Which of the following historical personalities is not associated with the Enlightenment?
King Louis XVI
In the Palace at Versailles, all of the following elements echo Renaissance techniques except that the ____.
palace interior is lavishly decorated with dramatic vistas
Which of the following statements concerning Diego Velázquez's painting techniques is false?
He favored idealized, classical figures.
Peter Paul Ruben's The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus depicts a scene from Greek mythology in which two mortal women are seized by ____, the twin sons of Zeus.
Castor and Pollux
In the Baroque period, England's most significant contribution to the arts was in the realm of ____.
architecture
Francesco Borromini's ____ is an organic building that incorporates the Baroque elements of motion, space, and light.
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
In Jean Honoré Fragonard's Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of the Rococo and depicted in the painting except ____.
classically inspired facial features
Nicolas Poussin's Rape of the Sabine Women utilizes a(n) ____, thereby borrowing a Renaissance technique for structuring a balanced composition.
compositional triangle
Over 600 huge, jutting, monolithic figures, all with the same angular sweep of nose and chin, still survive on ____.
Easter Island
In the highly decorated stone effigy of Coatlicue, the Aztec ____, her skirt is formed from ____.
Mother of Gods; carved serpents
The Kumano Mandala, a 14th century scroll representing three Shinto shrines, is characterized by all of the following except a(n) ____.
use of one point perspective to create depth
The realism in The Sage Kuya Invoking the Amida Buddha is demonstrated in the fact that the artist tried to render speech with six tiny Buddhas representing ____ coming out of the sage's mouth.
syllables of a prayer repeating the name of Buddha
Many Chinese still follow the precepts of ____, which believe that social behavior must be derived from sympathy for one's fellows.
Confucius
The Nkisi Nkondi or Hunter Figure from the Congo is considered a ____ because nails were hammered into it to ward off evil and cause pain to wrongdoers.
fetish figure
The mixed media ancestral poles from New Guinea are vividly painted, elongated figures with openwork banners that represent ____.
phallic symbols
Vincent van Gogh was so taken with Japanese woodblocks that he made an oil painting of ____.
Hiroshige's Rain Shower on Ohashi Bridge
The Incas from Peru were engineering geniuses and built both the fortress of Machu Picchu and the ____, which was 30 feet wide and walled for its entire 3750 miles.
Royal Road of the Mountains
____, the native religion of Japan, teaches love of nature and the existence of many beneficent gods; however, ____ is/are symbolized in art.
Shinto; no gods
In much of Chinese art there is a nonWestern type of reverence for nature in which people are seen as ____.
integral parts of the order of nature
In the bronze Altar of the Hand from Benin, which of the following is not meant to venerate the king and glorify his divine office?
The king is surrounded by symmetrical, symbolic forms.
In Spanish Colonial art, indigenous art forms were integrated with European influences. Examples of MesoAmerican motifs include all of the following except ____.
the lion image
Chinese ceramics, like the blue and white Ming Dynasty vase, were often ____, meaning that the decoration was molded or incised beneath rather than on top of the glaze
underglazed
The Yoruba from Nigeria make elaborate masks and headdresses for use in ceremonial performances known as ____, which combine music, dance, and fanciful costumes.
masquerades
The Islamic Great Mosque at Djenne in Mali is based on the model of Muhammad's home in Medina and exhibits all of the following characteristics except ____.
a single tower rising in the center of the structure
As is often the case in ethnographic art, the decorations on the Kwakiutl headdress from British Columbia reflects designs similar to those found in ____.
tattooing and body decoration
It is believed that at one time the two colossal Buddhas, carved out of living rock at Bamiyan, Afghanistan, and destroyed by the Taliban in 2001, were ____.
gilded, plastered and painted
In the central part of Africa, ____ was developed to cast small bronze sculptures as early as the 9th century.
the lost wax technique
Hasegawa Tohaku's Pine Wood screen depicts all of the following except ____.
a background consisting of hazy mountains
The Hudson River School was a group of artists who painted the beauty of the natural American landscape with a sense of romanticism that was embodied in the writings of ____.
James Fenimore Cooper
The most famous Rubeniste and Ingres's archrival was ____, whose dynamic painting of The Death of Sardanapalus was inspired by a tragedy by ____.
Delacroix; Byron
The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to ____ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting ____ from a variety of angles, during different times of day and seasons.
Claude Monet's; Rouen Cathedral
The Post Impressionist Georges Seurat's painting technique is known as ____, which is a meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of ____.
Pointillism; color theories
In his ____, Vincent van Gogh's vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.
Starry Night
Of all of the Impressionists, Pierre Auguste Renoir was the ____, as evidenced in his Le Moulin de la Galette.
most significant figure painter
The setting of Édouard Manet's reclining nude figure of Olympia is a(n) ____.
bordello of the Parisian demimonde
The shocking realism depicted in Thomas Eakins' The Gross Clinic stems from his ____.
experience working with live models and dissecting corpses
____ was an American Expatriate painter who spent most of her life in France primarily painting scenes of women and children.
Mary Cassatt
The movement away from a realistic representation of subjects toward abstraction took many forms, but Paul Cézanne led the way toward modernism with his ____, as seen in his Still Life with Basket of Apples.
drastic collapsing of space, forcing imagery to the picture plane
Henri de Toulouse Lautrec's deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in ____, as depicted in At the Moulin Rouge.
the cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris
The famous Neoclassical painter ____ painted herself into her allegorical work entitled The Artist in the Character of Design Listening to the Inspiration of Poetry.
Angelica Kauffman
The Neoclassical style is characterized by all of the following except ____.
virtuoso brushwork and a brilliant palette
In The Outbreak, Käthe Kollwitz tried to symbolize ____ through her forceful depiction of the 16th century Peasants' War.
man's inhumanity to man
Which of the following statements about Edgar Degas is not true?
His pictorial spatial organization was derived from Renaissance prototypes.
In the Grande Odalisque, the articulation of the heavy drapery contrasts with the crisp treatment of the linens and sensual lines of the harem mistress's body, revealing that, above all else, Ingres was a ____.
magnificent draftsman
What was modern about the "new" art of the late 18th century in France was its concept of ____. The first period of modern art to use planar recession was ____.
space; Neoclassicism
The modern Realist painters of the 19th century, including Honoré Daumier and Édouard Manet, were bound by all of the following except they ____.
were preoccupied with the science of optics
It is obvious that Paul Gauguin's Vision After the Sermon is a Synthetic painting because ____.
it combines unnaturalistic color with symbolism
James Abbott McNeill Whistler's Arrangement in Black and Gray: The Artist's Mother exhibits a combination of realism and abstraction that was strongly influenced by ____.
Gustave Courbet and Japanese prints
Surrealism began as a literary movement after World War I, and the group based their writings on the nonrational using a technique known as ____ writing.
automatic
The American photographer ____ first supported the development of abstract art in America by exhibiting modern European works alongside American art in his ____.
Alfred Stieglitz; 291 Gallery
The representation of incredible images from the artist's mind is known as ____, and one of the most whimsical of these artists is ____.
Fantastic art; Paul Klee
In Constantin Brancusi's sculptures, such as Bird in Space, he reached for the essence of the subject by ____.
finding the simplest form that, along with a title, would fire recognition in the viewer
The artists who began the Die Brücke movement chose that name because ____.
they saw their movement as bridging a number of disparate styles
In 1913, the groundbreaking ____ was held in New York City and dominated by avant garde European artists who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work at the exhibition was Marcel Duchamp's ____, which was dismissed as a "pile of kindling wood."
Armory Show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2
In Umberto Boccioni's Dynamism of a Soccer Player, we see the ____ obsession with illustrating images in perpetual motion.
Futurist
For works such as White Iris, Georgia O'Keeffe captured the essence of her subject utilizing all of the following techniques except ____.
using a dark and psychologically distressing color palette
The term Cubism, coined by a hostile critic, is limiting because it is an inadequate description that ignores the movement's most significant contribution: a new treatment of pictorial space that ____.
rendered objects from multiple and radically different views
The works of Giorgio de Chirico, such as The Mystery and Melancholy of the Street, are characterized by all of the following except ____.
compositions that appear frenzied and agitated
____ compositions, such as Picasso's The Bottle of Suze, use a technique known as ____ to emphasize the form of the object and its construction rather than its disintegration.
Synthetic Cubist; collage
Wassily Kandinsky, a major proponent of ____, is recognized as the first painter of ____.
Der Blaue Reiter; pure abstraction
Joan Miró said, "My way is to seize an image that moment it has formed in my mind, to trap it as a bird and to pin it at once to canvas. Afterward I start to tame it, to master it. I bring it under control, and I develop it." Miró was a(n) ____.
Automatist Surrealist
Which of the following statements does not set the Fauves apart from their 19th century predecessors?
Their subject matter centered on traditional nudes, still lifes, and landscapes.
The Futurists' belief that their subjects were less important than the portrayal of a "dynamic sensation" is very evident in Giacomo Balla's constantly "moving" painting known as ____.
Street Light
Henri Matisse consolidated all of the following influences into his Fauvist canvases except ____.
the stark realism of Courbet
Of works such as the Red Room, Henri Matisse said it should be "a mental soother, something like a good armchair in which to rest." This is because Matisse's primary concern was to ____.
create a pleasing pattern
In Wasily Kandinsky's Sketch I for Composition VII, all of the following elements are found except ____.
a mood of impending doom and despair
The Die Brücke painter Emil Nolde painted Dance Around the Golden Calf, a lush, colorful, frenzied depiction of a(n) ____.
Biblical event related to the worshiping of an idol by the Israelites
____ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe, to flee to the United States.
the Nazis
Superrealism is firmly rooted in a long, realistic tradition in the arts but, as a recognized artistic movement of the 1970s, it is also in part a reaction against ____.
20th century abstraction and expressionism
Jean Tinguely once remarked that "The only stable thing is movement." This reminds us that he was a ____ sculptor.
kinetic
In Robert Rauschenberg's combine painting The Bed, he uses a(n) ____ as his canvas.
quilt and pillow
In the 1980s, a group of anonymous women artists banded together to fight injustice against women in the art market. They were known as ____.
the Guerrilla Girls
Minimalist artists of the 1960s were committed to ____ as the basis for their compositions.
intellectual theory and mathematics
Hans Hoffman is considered a key post war transitional artist whose paintings, such as The Golden Wall, were influenced by ____.
Fauvist coloring and Cubist design
One major tenet of Pop Art is that the work should be so objective, commercialized, and mundane that it eliminates the ____.
personal signature of the artist
In his eroticized Two Women's Torsos, Willem de Kooning combines biomorphic, organic shapes with harsh, jagged lines; however, we also see that he is one of the few Abstract Expressionists who never completely surrendered ____ painting.
figurative
One major source of inspiration for Jean Michel Basquiat's art works was ____.
graffiti
Like many of Arshile Gorky's later paintings, The Liver is the Cock's Comb is composed of unstable, organic shapes that remind us of ____.
erotic panoramas
Jackie Winsor considers her sculpture Exploded Piece to be a(n) ____ because she exploded it and then reconstructed it back into a cube.
performance piece
The title of Jennifer Bartlett's composition Spiral: An Ordinary Evening in New Haven is an integral part of the work. This interplay between the verbal and the visual is one of the hallmarks of ____.
New Image painting
The NeoExpressionists of the 1980s revived and embraced the gestural and experimentational methods of the Abstract Expressionists but they added the dimension of ____ to their work.
narrative and content
Helen Frankenthaler's ____ is in many ways a reconciliation between gesture and color field Abstract Expressionism.
Lorelei
Mark Rothko is renowned for his ____.
large, hazy edged color field rectangles
In Deconstructivist architectural design, buildings are intended to be seen in ____.
bits and pieces
Which of the following is not considered Deconstructivist architecture?
Gordon Bunshaft's Lever House
The term ____ was coined in 1951 to describe the process of dripping and splattering paint on huge canvases, a technique associated primarily with ____.
action painting; Jackson Pollock
Modern architecture encompassed many architectural visions, including those of all but which one of the following architects?
Frank Stella
____ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract or abstracted imagery, and intense color fields, all produced on large, monumental canvases.
Abstract Expressionism
Kara Walker's ____ have captured the attention of the art world and given voice to her comments on the brutal history of race relations in America.
life size paper cutouts
Mexican artist Enrique Chagoya has sketched portraits of world political figures cast in the roles of ____.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
The art produced by the people of the Caribbean and Latin America tends to reflect all of the following themes except ____.
affection for the colonizing country
Anselm Keifer's paintings and monumental sculpture all reflect the heavy weight of his consciousness as a ____.
German
In Cuban artist Alexandre Arrechea's Elementos Arquitectronicos, his primary theme seems to relate to ____.
a sense of quiet desperation
Japanese artist Mariko Mori can be described as all of the following except ____.
a painter and a sculptress
In his photograph ____, Adi Nes depicts a homeless man wheeling his child through Tel Aviv to point out the discrepancies between the dream of Israel and its harsh reality.
Abraham and Isaac
Which of the following paintings did Eve Sussman attempt to reenact on a Brooklyn tennis court?
David's The Intervention of the Sabine Women
An everyday family scene that is suddenly disrupted when the ceiling begins to collapse describes which of the artworks below?
Wang Gongxin's Our Sky is Falling in!
Indian artist Subodh Gupta's Silk Route is composed entirely of ____.
kitchen utensils
Hew Locke's Sikandar is embellished with charms, medals, ____, votive offerings, jewels, Persian trinkets and Greek masks, encouraging viewers to ponder the interaction of cultures, and especially the meanings and endurance of conquest and colonialism.
sabers
____, once called the "most ambitious piece of jewelry since the crown jewels," is a diamond encrusted skull by British artist Damien Hirst.
For the Love of God
Matthew Barney, considered by Stephen Holden of the NY Times to be "the most important artist of his generation," is best known for his Cremaster series of ____.
films
Which of the following is not an example of globalization?
New York is the center of the art world.
Appropriation artist Vik Muniz collected ____ from a neighborhood in ____ for his Sisyphus, after Titian.
junk; Rio de Janeiro
Haitian artist Jean Ulrick Desert made ____ into burqas for The Burqa Project.
national flags
Baghdad born Zaha Hadid is a ____ architect who's design for the Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion ____.
deconstructivist: echoes the iconic quilted handbags of the haute couture house of Chanel
Jeff Koons used ____ to produce his highly polished Elephant sculpture.
stainless steel
Swiss artist Pipilotti Rist was the first artist to adapt a ____ aesthetic and her most common subject is ____.
music video; her own nude body
Designed by architect ____, the Chicago Spire has become the tallest structure in North America.
Santiago Calatrava