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Which of the following is not a component of graphic design?

haute couture

In ____ weaving, found in carpeting and in velvet, loops or knots are tied and when the knotting is finished, the ends are cut to create an even surface.


The gold Russian pectoral piece, produced in the 4th century B.C.E., depicts a mythical creature that is half lion and half eagle, known as a ____, in the lower register.


Probably the most famous piece of glassware known today is the ____, made by the ____ in the 3rd century C.E.

Portland Vase; Romans

The botanical whimsies of ____ are considered some of the finest examples of Art Nouveau glass.


The stylized tree of life and flowers the Tabriz Arbadil carpet, like many Persian rugs, portrays the old Islamic concept of ____.

paradise as a garden

Many cities in the Near East and Middle East have a circular tradition in urban design. This tradition likely reflects the belief that they were ____.

the center of the universe

No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a ____.


Kiff Slemmon's ____ is a miniature sculpture that was constructed for the Artworks for AIDS exhibition and makes reference to the history of mass deaths.


The ____ developed the process of glass blowing and thus made ____ commonplace.

Romans; glass containers

From the ancient Greeks to the colonial Americans, the ____ has been found to be a useful basis for urban design.


In weaving, the lengthwise fibers are called the ____.


The Aeron Chair is a(n) ____ design considered to be the Porsche of office chairs.


Late 19th century posters of Parisian nightlife, such as Le Divan Japonais, were produced by ____, considered by many to be the father of the color lithograph poster.


Unlike a typical chandelier, Dale Chihuly's are a different species. They ____.

do not emit light of their own

The faces in Faith Ringgold's soft sculpture Mama Jones, Andrew, Barbara, and Faith are reminiscent of ____.

African masks

The ____ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on fabric.


Glass that has been spun into fine filaments and is used for insulation is known as ____.


Cheryl Ann Thomas's contemporary work Relic130 is best categorized as ____.


Contemporary artist Ed Rossbach's wall hanging is made from construction paper and woven in such a way that the image of a ____ emerges from the background.


The Dying Lioness from Nineveh is an example of ____, the most common art form in Assyria.

carved stone reliefs depicting war and hunting scenes

The art and architecture of the Mycenaean civilization reflects a preoccupation with ____ because, unlike Crete, it lacked the natural defense of a surrounding sea.

arms and fortification

Which of the following is considered one of the Bronze Age civilizations of preHellenic Greece?

the Cyclades

One of the earliest and most famous "fertility" figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ____.

Venus of Willendorf

The term labyrinthine well describes the huge, sprawling Palace at Knossos and the term comes from the myth of the ____.


Linear A, a form of writing based on ____, was developed during the Middle Minoan period on the island of ____.

pictographs; Crete

When Heinrich Schliemann excavated Grave Circle A in Mycenae in the late 19th century, he discovered a treasure of ____.


Much of ancient Egypt's art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____.

death or worship of the dead

In both the Akkadian Victory Stele of Naram Sin and the Egyptian Narmer Palette, the kings are depicted ____.

in combined frontal and profile view and larger than surrounding figures

The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut was carved out of living rock and is most impressive visually due to its three tiers of pillared ____.


The Great Pyramids at Giza were built with massive blocks and ____.

surfaced with white limestone

In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter remarked "...a gasp of wonderment escaped our lips, so gorgeous was the sight that met our eye: a golden effigy of the young boy king..." Carter was referring to ____.

King Tut's solid gold coffin

In New Kingdom Egypt, Amenhotep IV started a revolution in both religion and the arts when he changed his name to Akhenaton to honor the sun god and became a ____. The period of his reign is known as the ____.

monotheist; Amarna period

In an architectural feat not duplicated until Roman times, the Mycenaeans constructed the Treasury of Atreus, a huge beehive shaped tomb known as a ____.-


Large scale tomb sculptures that were intended to house the spirit of the deceased if mummification failed were known as ____.

ka figures

It was during the Neolithic period that ____ monuments were erected and the most famous example is ____.

megalithic; Stonehenge

From the Latin word meaning wedge, ____ was a system of writing developed by the Sumerians.


The Stele of Hammurabi depicts the Babylonian ruler Hammurabi gaining inspiration for his codified laws from the god(dess) ____.


In the Victory Stele of Naram Sin, the king and his men are represented in a conceptual manner, probably meant to indicate ____.

respect and victory

The ____ was a multilevel temple designed by the religion oriented Sumerians but built by the later Babylonians and Assyrians.


The François Vase, with black figures on a reddish background, is an example of the ____ painting technique and was produced during the ____ period of Greek art.

black figure; Archaic

The Fallen Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina was posed in such a way that the body's form corresponded to the sharp angles of the ____ on which it was placed.


The Roman equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius still exists only because it was mistakenly believed to be a portrait of ____, the first emperor to recognize Christianity.


The fresco painting Ulysses in the Land of the Lestrygonians is an example of the ____ style of Roman wall painting. The Lestrygonians were ____.

Architectural; giant cannibals

The Colosseum in Rome consists of two back to back ____ and a combination of ____ columns that produce a sense of lightness proceeding from bottom to top tier.

amphitheaters; Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian

The emperor Maxentius ordered construction of a large basilica near the Roman forum. Little of it remains today, but its design set the precedent for many subsequent ____.

Christian churches

The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase indicate that it is a fine example of the ____ period of Greek art.


Which of the follow elements of the Temple of Fortuna Virilus is not a Roman innovation?

The use of the Ionic order and post and lintel construction.

In the late years of the Roman Empire, the realism and idealism that had characterized Roman figural sculpture was replaced by a ____.

spiritual, otherworldly style

In an effort to produce an integrated look to the Parthenon, all of the following construction variations are found except that the ____.

top step of the platform is perfectly straight

Myron's Discobolos or Discus Thrower is representative of the most significant development in Early Classical art: the introduction of ____.

implied movement in sculpture

Some of the earliest freestanding sculptures of the Archaic period were kouros figures, or blocky statues of nude young men, all with a conventionalized facial expression called the ____.

Archaic smile

The Pantheon's dome is ____ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually.


The contrast of textures and fluidity and spontaneity of movement found in the Parthenon's pediment grouping called The Three Goddesses is typical of the ____ style.


Much of the art of the Hellenistic period, like The Dying Gaul, illustrates that period's preoccupation with ____.

high drama, unleashed passion, and theatrical excess

The stylized faces of the man and wife represented on the Etruscan Sarcophagus from Cerveteri were most likely influenced by ____ sculpture.


The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or "the measure of all things," a concept known as ____.


Praxiteles' Hermes and Dionysos, from the Late Classical period, depicts a graceful and naturalistic body stance, called the ____, and an increased emphasis on ____.

S curve; emotional expression

The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible.

arch and concrete

The Doric frieze was divided vertically into compartments. The triglyphs contained vertical grooves and the ____ were filled with sculpted figures.


The massive dome of Hagia Sophia appears to be light and graceful due to ____.

light filtering through arched windows at its base

The most striking feature of the Great Mosque at Samarra , Iraq, is the spiral ____, from which a crier known as a(n) ____ called followers to prayer at certain hours.

minaret; muezzin

The exterior of the Romanesque St. Étienne served as a model for Gothic architecture because its ____ appeared repeatedly in Gothic churches.

two tower tripartite facade

The most significant architectural aspect of St. Michael's at Hildesheim is its use of the ____ to define the spaces within the rest of the church, thereby paving the way for Romanesque and Gothic architecture.

crossing square

____ was one of the first and most important churches erected during the Early Christian period. With its long nave and apse at one end, it was a(n) ____ plan church.

Old St. Peter's; Latin Cross

In St. Sernin, the ceiling structure is a stone barrel vault, which was necessary for ____.


In St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, the arms of its cross plan are equal in length and the interior focus is a central dome. This is known as a(n) ____.

Greek Cross plan

The first centuries after the death of Jesus, before Emperor Constantine proclaimed religious tolerance for Christians, were known as the ____.

Period of Persecution

The cathedral of Florence features all of the characteristics below except ____.

twin bell towers

Works such as the gold Scythian plaque from Siberia were primarily made by ____, and the designs reflect their fascination with ____

barbarian tribes; fantastic human animal forms

Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230 foot long Romanesque period Bayeux Tapestry, which describes ____ in a continuous narrative.

the invasion of England by William the Conqueror

The ____ were a huge network of galleries and burial chambers beneath the city of Rome where Christians worshiped in secret and buried their dead.


The interior of St. Étienne has a sense of lightness because the development of the ____ made it possible to pierce the walls above the tribune gallery with a series of windows called a ____.

rib vault; clerestory

The San Vitale apse mosaic Justinian and Attendants is characterized by all of the following except ____.

that Justinian is by far the largest figure

In the Gothic period, ____ assumed a new role of importance in art and architecture.

the Virgin Mary

In The Annunciation to the Shepherds manuscript illumination from the Lectionary of Henry II, the humans are smaller than and below the angel, and the animals are smaller and lower than the humans. This technique is known as ____.

hierarchical scaling

The iconography of the stylized, doll like figures on the Weighing of Souls tympanum from the Cathedral of Autun was intended to convey ____.

fear and repentance

The jamb figures of Mary and Elizabeth on the west portal of Reims Cathedral are placed in a naturalistic weight shift stance also known as ____.


The plan of the English Gothic Salisbury Cathedral differs from French Gothic architecture in that it has ____.

a double transept and a square apse

Unlike Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculptural figures ____.

have drapery folds that are soft and reveal anatomy

The May calendar page of Les Très Riches Heures was a page from a ____, rendered in an ornate, courtly style known as ____.

Book of Hours; the International Gothic style

In his Creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most ____ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam.

dramatic negative space

The German Renaissance artist Matthias Grünewald's Isenheim Altarpiece is unusual and powerful for its ____.

tormented and dramatic depiction of the Crucifixion

In The Burial of Count Orgaz, the ____ painter El Greco's heavenly figures appear ____.

Spanish; extremely attenuated

In Jan van Eyck's strikingly detailed double portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, which of the following is not a symbolic reference in the painting?

The vase of lilies

For his bronze statue of David, the first life size nude since classical times, Donatello chose ____ as a prototype.

an underdeveloped adolescent boy

Northern Renaissance artists "married" religion with scenes and objects from everyday life by using ____.


Using the laws of perspective in his Holy Trinity fresco, Masaccio created the illusion of an extension of the architectural space of the church by painting a(n) ____.

barrel vaulted chapel with holy and common figures

The Renaissance began in 1401 with a competition for the commission to sculpt bronze doors for the baptistery of Florence. The subject of the entry panels was ____.

The Sacrifice of Isaac

Jacopo Pontormo's Mannerist Entombment depicts all of the following except ____.

faces that are calm and display no emotion

The young artist Raphael painted numerous canvases of the Madonna and Child, but some of his most impressive compositions, like The School of Athens, were executed for ____.

the papal apartments in the Vatican

Piero della Francesca's Resurrection fresco was based on ____.

mathematical and geometric order

During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except ____.

spirituality and otherworldliness

The word ____ is derived from the French and means rebirth.


When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13 1/2 foot statue of David from ____

a single piece of almost unworkable marble

In his Adam and Eve engraving, the Northern Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer emphasizes the ____.

classically inspired beauty of the human body

The forms and composition of Titian's Venus of Urbino were evolved primarily from ____.

interactions of colors and contrasts of textures

The realism, symbolism, and complicated imagery found in Northern Renaissance paintings originated in and was influenced by ____.

manuscript illumination

Some of the purest examples of Renaissance Classicism are to be found in the ____ of Leon Battista Alberti.


Netherlandish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder's The Peasant Wedding is an excellent example of ____.

a genre painting

In his Syndics of the Draper's Guild, Rembrandt captures the men just as ____.

someone outside the canvas enters the room

Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter's?

The Sistine Chapel

Where was Pope John Paul II's body placed for viewing before it was moved to St. Peter's in April of 2005?

Clementine Hall

Spain was one of the wealthiest European countries during the Baroque and lavishly supported the arts, at least partly due to ____.

an influx of riches from the New World

Which of the following Baroque painters was an ambassador, diplomat, and court painter to dukes and kings and supervised a huge workshop of assistants?

Peter Paul Rubens

In both of their paintings of Judith Decapitating Holofernes, Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi utilized a harsh, theatrical "spotlight" effect known as ____.


In the story of Susannah and the Elders, the ultimate outcome was that ____.

Susannah was saved

In the apse of St. Peter's, Bernini combined architecture, sculpture, and stained glass to produce the brilliant golden display known as the ____.

Cathedra Petri

King Louis XIV's Palace at Versailles was originally the site of his ____

hunting lodge

For his mysterious Las Meninas, or the ____, Diego Velázquez dissolved his forms into small, roughly textured brushstrokes that would be the hallmark of ____ two centuries later.

maids in waiting; Impressionism

Which of the following does not describe Jan Vermeer's Young Woman with a Water Jug?

The colors are harsh and garish.

The Baroque era was born in ____, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the ____.

Rome; Reformation

Which of the following historical personalities is not associated with the Enlightenment?

King Louis XVI

In the Palace at Versailles, all of the following elements echo Renaissance techniques except that the ____.

palace interior is lavishly decorated with dramatic vistas

Which of the following statements concerning Diego Velázquez's painting techniques is false?

He favored idealized, classical figures.

Peter Paul Ruben's The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus depicts a scene from Greek mythology in which two mortal women are seized by ____, the twin sons of Zeus.

Castor and Pollux

In the Baroque period, England's most significant contribution to the arts was in the realm of ____.


Francesco Borromini's ____ is an organic building that incorporates the Baroque elements of motion, space, and light.

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

In Jean Honoré Fragonard's Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of the Rococo and depicted in the painting except ____.

classically inspired facial features

Nicolas Poussin's Rape of the Sabine Women utilizes a(n) ____, thereby borrowing a Renaissance technique for structuring a balanced composition.

compositional triangle

Over 600 huge, jutting, monolithic figures, all with the same angular sweep of nose and chin, still survive on ____.

Easter Island

In the highly decorated stone effigy of Coatlicue, the Aztec ____, her skirt is formed from ____.

Mother of Gods; carved serpents

The Kumano Mandala, a 14th century scroll representing three Shinto shrines, is characterized by all of the following except a(n) ____.

use of one point perspective to create depth

The realism in The Sage Kuya Invoking the Amida Buddha is demonstrated in the fact that the artist tried to render speech with six tiny Buddhas representing ____ coming out of the sage's mouth.

syllables of a prayer repeating the name of Buddha

Many Chinese still follow the precepts of ____, which believe that social behavior must be derived from sympathy for one's fellows.


The Nkisi Nkondi or Hunter Figure from the Congo is considered a ____ because nails were hammered into it to ward off evil and cause pain to wrongdoers.

fetish figure

The mixed media ancestral poles from New Guinea are vividly painted, elongated figures with openwork banners that represent ____.

phallic symbols

Vincent van Gogh was so taken with Japanese woodblocks that he made an oil painting of ____.

Hiroshige's Rain Shower on Ohashi Bridge

The Incas from Peru were engineering geniuses and built both the fortress of Machu Picchu and the ____, which was 30 feet wide and walled for its entire 3750 miles.

Royal Road of the Mountains

____, the native religion of Japan, teaches love of nature and the existence of many beneficent gods; however, ____ is/are symbolized in art.

Shinto; no gods

In much of Chinese art there is a nonWestern type of reverence for nature in which people are seen as ____.

integral parts of the order of nature

In the bronze Altar of the Hand from Benin, which of the following is not meant to venerate the king and glorify his divine office?

The king is surrounded by symmetrical, symbolic forms.

In Spanish Colonial art, indigenous art forms were integrated with European influences. Examples of MesoAmerican motifs include all of the following except ____.

the lion image

Chinese ceramics, like the blue and white Ming Dynasty vase, were often ____, meaning that the decoration was molded or incised beneath rather than on top of the glaze


The Yoruba from Nigeria make elaborate masks and headdresses for use in ceremonial performances known as ____, which combine music, dance, and fanciful costumes.


The Islamic Great Mosque at Djenne in Mali is based on the model of Muhammad's home in Medina and exhibits all of the following characteristics except ____.

a single tower rising in the center of the structure

As is often the case in ethnographic art, the decorations on the Kwakiutl headdress from British Columbia reflects designs similar to those found in ____.

tattooing and body decoration

It is believed that at one time the two colossal Buddhas, carved out of living rock at Bamiyan, Afghanistan, and destroyed by the Taliban in 2001, were ____.

gilded, plastered and painted

In the central part of Africa, ____ was developed to cast small bronze sculptures as early as the 9th century.

the lost wax technique

Hasegawa Tohaku's Pine Wood screen depicts all of the following except ____.

a background consisting of hazy mountains

The Hudson River School was a group of artists who painted the beauty of the natural American landscape with a sense of romanticism that was embodied in the writings of ____.

James Fenimore Cooper

The most famous Rubeniste and Ingres's archrival was ____, whose dynamic painting of The Death of Sardanapalus was inspired by a tragedy by ____.

Delacroix; Byron

The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to ____ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting ____ from a variety of angles, during different times of day and seasons.

Claude Monet's; Rouen Cathedral

The Post Impressionist Georges Seurat's painting technique is known as ____, which is a meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of ____.

Pointillism; color theories

In his ____, Vincent van Gogh's vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.

Starry Night

Of all of the Impressionists, Pierre Auguste Renoir was the ____, as evidenced in his Le Moulin de la Galette.

most significant figure painter

The setting of Édouard Manet's reclining nude figure of Olympia is a(n) ____.

bordello of the Parisian demimonde

The shocking realism depicted in Thomas Eakins' The Gross Clinic stems from his ____.

experience working with live models and dissecting corpses

____ was an American Expatriate painter who spent most of her life in France primarily painting scenes of women and children.

Mary Cassatt

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