14 terms

Study of language chapter 9: Semantics

George Yule
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

semantics
the study of meaning of words, phrases and sentences
conceptual meaning
what is literally meant by a word
associative meaning
the type of meaning that people might connect with the use of words
semantic features
basic elements such as "human", including a plus (+ human) or minus (- human) used in the analysis of the components of word meaning
semantic roles
the roles of entities, such as people and things, involved in the action
describe the roles of entities
semantic roles:
semantic roles in a row:
agent, theme, instrument, experiencer, location, source, goal
agent
the entity that performs the action
theme
the entity that is involved in or affected by the action
instrument
the entity that is used to perform the action
experiencer
the entity that has the feeling, opinion or state (condition)
location
describes where the entity is
source
describes where the entity moves from
goal
describes where the entity is moving to