76 terms

art final

STUDY
PLAY
-color
-form
-line
-shape
-space
-texture
-value
7 elements of art
color
derived from reflected light
form
a solid, 3D appearing area- has height, width, and depth
line
path of a moving point through space
3 types of different lines
-horizontal: calm feeling
-curved: flowing movement
-zigzag: feeling of dynamic tension
shape
flat, a defined, 2D enclosed space (geometric- regular/ freeform- organic, irregular)
2 types of shapes
-geometric: regular
-freeform: organic, irregular
space
area between, around, above, below or within objects (figure=positive, ground=negative)
2 types of space
-figure: positive space
-ground: negative space
texture
refers to how things feel or look as if they feel
value
describes the lightness or darkness of an object
Principles of Design
rules that govern how the elements of art are organized
-balance
-proportion
-emphasis
-movement
-pattern
-unity/harmony
-rhythm
-variety
8 principles of design
balance
concerning equalizing visual forces or elements (symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial)
proportion
concerning size relationships of one part to another
emphasis
one part of an artwork that is dominant over another
movement
creates the look and feeling of action
pattern
decorative surface design of repeated elements
unity/harmony
stresses similarities of separate but related parts
rhythm
indicates movement by the repetition of elements or objects
variety
concerning different or contrasting elements
3 properties of an artwork
-subject
-content
-composition
subject
recognizable objects in an artwork
content
message or feeling communicated in an artwork
composition
arrangements of elements of art
positive space
the area occupying a space
negative space
area surrounding the objects
geometric shapes/forms
regular, mathematically defined
freeform (irregular) shapes/forms
irregular forms, often found in nature
dimension of shape
2D (height & width)
dimension of form
3D (height, width, depth)
medium/media
materials used to make art
color wheel
color spectrum bent into a circle
tint
color plus white
shade
color plus black
Intensity
brightness or dullness of a color
complementary colors
opposite each other on the color wheel
split complementary
a color and the 2 colors on either side of its complement
analogous
side by side on the color wheel having 2 primaries in common
warm
yellows, reds, and oranges
cool
greens, violets, and blues
monochromatic
different values of one color (tints and shades of one color)
neutral
gray, black and white
triadic
3 hues (colors) equally spaced on the color wheel making an equilateral triangle (ex. Red, yellow, blue)
4 steps of art criticism
-description
-analysis
-interpretation
-judgement
description
basic explanation of where the elements are used and credit line in the work
analysis
explanation of the organization of the elements in the principles and techniques of an artwork
interpretation
statement, content, meaning or impact of an artwork
judgement
explanation of the success of the artwork based on the previous steps
2 types of sculpture
-relief sculpture
-sculpture in the round
relief sculpture
can only be seen from the front and sides- it extends from the background (ex: paper sculpture)
sculpture in the round
can be viewed from all sides (ex: ghoulie)
5 developmental stages of clay
-plastic clay
-leather hard
-bone dry
-bisque ware
-glazeware
plastic clay
clay that can be easily formed and retain its form
leather hard
clay that retains some moisture, but will break if bent
bone dry
formed but unfired clay that is absent of moisture
bisque ware
clay that has been fired in the kiln one time
glazeware
clay has been finished with a glassy surface
applique
attaching pieces of clay to create a raised relief
incising
carving into the surface of the clay
stamping
impressing an object into clay
scoring
scratching the surface area where 2 pieces of clay are to be joined
slip
applying slip (liquid clay) to scores area of clay to help bond the pieces together
contour drawing
shows the edges of figures or objects, drawn slowly to capture every detail including folds, wrinkles, and details
Blind Contour Drawing
drawing without looking at the paper
highlight
lightest part of the form
cast shadow
darkest area in a drawing of a form
reflected light
the area beyond the form shadow which is lighter because rays bounce back and collect on the area
midtone
blended area between highlight and core shadow
core shadow
darkest area (center) of the shadow
value (shading techniques)
rendering/blending (smooth value showing little or no pencil marks)
format
dimensions of art
picture plane
space within an artwork
labeled color wheel
shaded sphere
continuous contour line

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