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Chapter 9

STUDY
PLAY
Rich nations are now in debt to low-income nations because of the amount of raw material that they buy.
False
The poorest 20 percent of the world's people live on just 2 percent of the world's income.
True
Although Africa is a poor region of the world, people live almost as long as in the United States.
False
Approximately how many people in the world die each year due to starvation?
9 million
André Gunder Frank states that poor nations
were "underdeveloped," or made poor by rich nations.
Critics say that dependency theory wrongly treats wealth as a zero-sum, ignoring how the world has become much richer over time.
True
In 2011, how many nations were there in the world?
195
Japan and Australia are examples of middle-income nations.
False
According to Immanuel Wallerstein's theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the "core" of the world economy?
high-income nations
Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has
increased
Dependency theory claims that the widespread poverty in low-income countries has little to do with great affluence in high-income countries.
False
In low-income nations, inequality between men and women is greater than it is in high-income countries.
True
The richest 20 percent of the world's people receive 50 percent of the entire world's income.
False
According to Anti-Slavery International, about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that amount to slavery?
200 million
Modernization theory claims that rich nations can and do help solve the world's poverty problem.
True
The region in the world with the greatest number of poor "street children" is Latin America.
True
With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory
claims rich nations are to blame for global poverty.
The former Soviet Union and the nations of Eastern Europe are low-income countries.
False
Modernization theory claims that
the main causes of poverty involve culture and technology.
According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of _____.
traditional; high mass consumption
From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where
population increase is highest.
Absolute poverty is
life-threatening