Chapter 9

Rich nations are now in debt to low-income nations because of the amount of raw material that they buy.
The poorest 20 percent of the world's people live on just 2 percent of the world's income.
Although Africa is a poor region of the world, people live almost as long as in the United States.
Approximately how many people in the world die each year due to starvation?
9 million
André Gunder Frank states that poor nations
were "underdeveloped," or made poor by rich nations.
Critics say that dependency theory wrongly treats wealth as a zero-sum, ignoring how the world has become much richer over time.
In 2011, how many nations were there in the world?
Japan and Australia are examples of middle-income nations.
According to Immanuel Wallerstein's theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the "core" of the world economy?
high-income nations
Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has
Dependency theory claims that the widespread poverty in low-income countries has little to do with great affluence in high-income countries.
In low-income nations, inequality between men and women is greater than it is in high-income countries.
The richest 20 percent of the world's people receive 50 percent of the entire world's income.
According to Anti-Slavery International, about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that amount to slavery?
200 million
Modernization theory claims that rich nations can and do help solve the world's poverty problem.
The region in the world with the greatest number of poor "street children" is Latin America.
With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory
claims rich nations are to blame for global poverty.
The former Soviet Union and the nations of Eastern Europe are low-income countries.
Modernization theory claims that
the main causes of poverty involve culture and technology.
According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of _____.
traditional; high mass consumption
From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where
population increase is highest.
Absolute poverty is