List the major ethical issues that nurses frequently encounter.
-Responsibility and risk of caring for an AIDS client: Testing for HIV/AIDS in health professionals and clients
-Abortion. Principle of sanctity of life use principle of autonomy and a woman's right to control her own body.
-Organ and tissue transplantation: allocation of organs, selling of body parts, involvement of children as potential donors, consent, clear definition of death, and conflicts of interest between donors and recipients.
-End-of-Life Issues: Euthanasia, assisted suicide, termination of life-sustaining treatment, withdrawing or withholding of foods and fluids.
-Allocation of scare health resources
-Management of personal health information.