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Anatomy Question Set 4
Terms in this set (68)
The process of osteoblasts increases bone diameter and osteoclasts enlarging the medullary cavity is called what?
Appositional bone growth
What type of cell produces myelin in the central nervous system?
What problem do people with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus have?
Do not properly produce insulin.
Which of the following is not a muscle of inspiration?
Which type of CNS neuroglia produces myelin?
Which of the following hormones secreted by the thyroid gland works to decrease calcium in the body?
Where does filtration exclusively occur in the kidney?
What does the P wave correspond to in an EKG?
What two arteries are formed by the division of the brachiocephalic trunk?
Right subclavian artery and right common carotid artery
What cranial nerve innervates the superior oblique muscle?
Which of the following neuroglia are not correctly matched with their function in the nervous system?
Schwann calls - form myelin in the CNS
In the urinary system, what is the Loop of Henle used primarily for?
maintain water balance
Which of the following digestive organs are not paired correctly to their function?
pharynx - passageway that conveys food and liquid to the stomach
The _______________ are the types of neuroglial cells that provide myelin in the central nervous system.
A group of skeletal muscle fibers is called a/an _____.
Adipose tissue is most abundant in the ________________ layer of the skin.
Where does most absorption during digestion occur?
What is the only bone not directly connected to any other bone?
Which one of the following is not a primary tissue type?
The repeating functional unit of a muscle cell is called ________.
What is (are) the function(s) of synovial fluid?
lubrication, nutrient distribution, shock absorption
The posterior portion of the largest tarsal bone is the attachment site for the Achilles tendon. What is the name of this bone?
What is the circulatory path of blood in a fetus?
Placenta, umbilical cord, liver, inferior vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle and also through foramen ovale to left atrium, left ventricle, pulmonary trunk, lungs
What is the purpose of astrocytes in neural tissue?
Maintain Blood Brain Barrier
What are the protein filaments called that make up the banded appearance of a muscle fiber and what are the thin filaments called?
The location in the circle in the Circle of Willis where the majority of blood clots travel to is the:
Demyelination of spinal nerves leading to loss of function is known as:
Hyperextension of cervical vertebrae
What is the hardest structure in the body?
What structure in the knee provides for 80% of its stability?
Tendons of quadriceps
What happens to a bone when there is more stress on it?
Osteoblast production increases
What is the largest nerve in the body?
Which of the following do not form the Achilles tendon?
The parietal lobe of the cerebrum responds to:
Thoracic cavity volume increases and pressure decreases
The S2 or "dupp" sound created by the heart is due to:
Closure of the semi lunar valves
Melatonin is produced by which one of the following structures?
The "blind spot" in our vision is caused by the lack of light-detecting photoreceptor cells at which part of the eye?
Which one of the following helps maintain the blood-brain barrier?
In the ear, what vibrates to detect sound waves?
Muscles of facial expression most often insert into the_____.
The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except:
Palms facing posterior
After arriving from the systemic circuit and passing through the right atrium and then right ventricle, the deoxygenated blood passes through the ______-shaped ______ valve to the lungs.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is responsible for increasing Ca2+ levels in the body by:
Increasing osteoclast activity and decreasing osteoblast activity
All of the following cranial nerves are involved in relaying information to the cerebral cortex in the gustatory pathway except:
Of the four major anatomical classes of neurons, which of these do not exist?
Which of these layers of skin is only found in the thickest and thinnest parts of the body (soles of feet and lips/eyelids)?
Which hormone is responsible for raising calcium levels in the bloodstream?
What feature of the skull is associated with the "soft spot" of a baby's head?
What glands produce an oily antimicrobial secretion responsible for lubricating the hair shaft?
Which of the following is not gray matter?
_________ bone marrow is often made in the ________ bone of the epiphysis, while _________ bone marrow is made in the diaphysis of a ________ bone.
Simple cuboidal epithelium is most commonly found in the:
The pineal gland, which maintains the circadian rhythms and day-night cycle of the human body, does so by the release of which hormone?
Which is not a function of the astrocytes found in the CNS neuroglia?
The pituitary gland "sits" in which part of the sphenoid bone?
The right lymphatic duct drains lymph from what parts of the body?
The right arm, right upper torso, right head and neck.
What, specifically, distinguishes cardiac muscle from skeletal and smooth muscle?
Cardiac muscle is striated and branching.
__________ produce new bone matrix and _________ remove and remodel bone matrix.
These glands secrete a waxy substance in the external acoustic meatus.
The outside of this cell is called the neurilemma, and it forms sheaths around peripheral axons.
What is the term for the site of connection between two bones in the skull?
The _______ is an organ of the endocrine system that _____________________.
Thyroid gland; secretes hormones that affect metabolic rated and calcium levels in body fluids.
The cochlear duct _____________.
Contains the hair cells of the organ of Corti; provides sensations of pitch and volume; Integrate information from both ears and relay to cerebellum; Aids in localizing sounds and reduce functional impact of damage on tympanic membrane.
Which of the following is not true for skeletal muscle?
support weight of visceral organs and shield internal tissues from injury
The neuro-tube defect, anencephaly, allows infants born with this disease to live for up to a year, after birth, do to the presence of:
Only nerves from the _______ retinal aspects of the retina decussate at the optic chiasm.
Choose the answer that matches the structure to its correct function.
Utricle- detects gravity and linear acceleration
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