Through images and metaphors, symbolism explores the inner realities which cannot be directly or literally perceived.
When artists deserted symbolism, its principles found influence in other movements. Which of the following did NOT emerge as an extension of the symbolist movement?
The constructivist who broke with Stanislavsky's style of realist performance to create a "biomechanical" style of acting and direction was
A stylized acting style is one in which
characters usually represent more than individual persons or personality types; they represent moral positions or forces of nature.
Which of the following is true of the antirealist aesthetic in the second third of the twentieth century?
No absolute single set of governing principles determined the course of this theatre, leaving artists free to stylize consciously
Which type of drama, in vogue in Germany during the first two decades of the century, features shocking and gutsy dialogue, boldly exaggerated scenery, piercing sounds, bright lights, an abundance of primary colors, and heightened use of symbols?
Which type of drama uses theatre itself as part of the content of production, not merely the vehicle?
This theatre attempted to repudiate realistic conventions through stagecraft that called attention to its own artificiality and a didactic performance style that required the actor to "demonstrate," rather than "integrate with," his character.
Brecht's theatre of alienation
Which movement based itself on the idea that the search for some meaning or purpose in human life only can be met with the immutable irrationality of the universe, making all attempts at understanding futile?
Which director and critic made the distinction between "holy" and "rough" theatres?
Is musical theatre a form of antirealist theatre similar to expressionism and theatre of the absurd?
No, because musical theatre, while seemingly antirealist, does not derive from a rebellion against verisimilitude but has aesthetics unique to its own performance.
Which city remains the international capital of the world's musical theatre?
When did musical theatre begin to evolve as a specific genre of its own?
over the past 150 years of western dramatic history
The American Broadway musical dates back to
the staging of The Black Crook, a melodrama, at Niblo's Garden in New York City in 1866 when a French dance company stranded in the city was added to the show.
Which of the following statements correctly characterizes the major development of the musical form in roughly the first third (1900-1920) of the twentieth century?
It marked the age of the great musical comedy
Which musical (book by Jerome Kern, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II), adapted from a gritty novel by Edna Ferber, uses music and dancing to carry its complex plot , touches significantly on race relations in America, and contains the famous aria "Ol' Man River?"
Who raised dance to a new level of prominence when he developed a new choreographic style—quick, jerky moves that suddenly segue to slow, sinuous come-ons; bumps and grinds; costumes of white gloves and black bowler hats—in a series of musicals that he directed and choreographed, among them Dancin' and Chicago?
Which production introduced full frontal nudity to the musical form?
Thematically speaking, the trend for musicals in the twenty-first century has been toward the
serious, cynical, and even grim
This award-winning musical, based on a German expressionist drama, utilizes intensely profane lyrics and reflects the confusion and anger of teenagers becoming sexually aware.
From a practical standpoint, theatre may be considered a conservative institution because it conserves
the history and conventional way of working as a theatre
Postmodernism relates to previous artistic movements in all the following ways EXCEPT
postmodern theatre attempts to illuminate the received truths of realism
Flashbacks that are not clearly framed as such, shuttling instead between time zones without narrative warning, are examples of
This theatre, formed by Joseph Chaikin in 1963, combined social improvisation with Brechtian techniques and used character as a vehicle for direct interaction with audiences
The Open Theatre
The emergence of spectacular theatre was facilitated mainly by
advanced theatre technology
Professional theatres operating on significantly reduced budgets and located primarily in Greenwich Village, SoHo, and upper East and West sides of Manhattan became collectively known in the 1950s as
Which of the following is NOT true of nonprofit theatres?
"Nonprofit" means that no one makes a profit; therefore, actors, stage designers, and all members involved in the production receive no salaries
Which English theatre artist, considered the most provocative director of the twentieth century (b. 1925), created the International Center of Theatre Research and authored The Empty Space, in which he divided modern drama into "the deadly theatre, the holy theatre, and the rough theatre?"
Which of the following is NOT true of Broadway performances?
The "Great White Way" has offered breakthrough teaching and acting positions through government-funded mentorships and apprenticeships
If you were to join a discussion about macaronic drama, you would be chatting about plays that
include speeches in different languages
What are the two fundamental notions of acting?
representational and presentational
What is "The Method?"
an American acting style derived from the Russian actor-director Konstantin Stanislavsky's self-proclaimed system
Today, the debate over inside or outside styles of acting
is largely diminished, with Stanislavsky and classical techniques both emphasized
What description best characterizes our current relationship to virtuosity?
It is making a comeback since the heyday of the Method in the mid-twentieth century
The actor's instrument is his or her
The three main elements of the actor's approach are goals, tactics, and
researching the style of the play and mode of performance.
Stanislavsky's system stresses the actor's work with the zadacha, which refers to
the character's "problem" or "goal;" that is, what the character desires to achieve.
Most auditions consist of performing
one- or two-minute monologues from plays or short narrative cuttings from novels, stories, or poems which display a contrast
"Blocking" refers to
The term "subtext" refers to
a character's unspoken and undescribed goals.
One difference between the playwright in Shakespeare's time and the contemporary playwright is that
the playwright no longer functions as a director but is now considered an independent artist.
The term "playwright" refers to
a person who constructs and composes a play as a wheelwright makes a wheel.
The core element of every play is
A play in which events are connected to each other in strict, chronological, cause-effect continuity, and in which dramatic experience attempts to convey a lifelike progression of experience through time, is classified as
continuous in structure and linear in chronology
Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the audience's response to the drama?
Intrigue draws us into the world of the play; credibility keeps us there.
All of the following are signs of good characterization EXCEPT
the character appears as a pawn in the playwright's grand design and exists only to symbolize something.
Scenes of forced conflict are important because
climactic scenes define a play's structure.
What aspects of the play do not need to be written at all?
a character's improvisational behavior
A linear plot proceeds by
the point-to-point storytelling of events linked in chronological, cause-effect continuity.
When a playwright has managed to make every scene, incident, character, and word deliver an impact, he or she has satisfied the dramatic demand for
Which of the following tasks belong to the director?
conceptualizing the play and giving it vision and purpose
Which of the following is true of the history of the director's role?
There has always been a director but not always an individual specifically charged with that role.
How did the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries' emphasis on rationalism influence the director's role?
The demand for historical accuracy required the director to conduct comprehensive research, organization, and coordination.
Which person is responsible for the financial support of the production and, working closely with the director, also contributes to many "directorial" decisions in the production process?
What is meant by the "concept" of a play?
the director's central idea which focuses his or her interpretation
The timing and placement of a character's entrances, exits, crosses, embraces, and other major movements is called
What determines the pace of a play?
the quality and quantity of information conveyed to the audience
What is the director's primary responsibility?
to envision the main lines of the production and provide the artistic leadership to realize that vision
The "core concept" is
the director's determination of the most important of the many images, ideas, and emotions that will give the production meaning.
A director should possess all of the following EXCEPT
a capable voice and an athletic physique, both which comprise the actor's instrument.
The order and process of developing a design for a play could be summarized by the following steps:
reading the play, researching, imagining, creating a physical presentation, collaborating, approving for the budget, ensuring viability, implementing.
Realistic costuming took over when which of the following became a major guiding principle in drama?
All of the following take part in the design of the staging EXCEPT
the house manager.
During performances, the person fully in charge of overseeing the execution of the show is the
production stage manager
Which kind of stage consists of a bare room able to adapt to a variety of staging possibilities?
What kind of scenery attempts to depict, in great detail, a specific time and place in the observable world where the play's events are presumed to take place?
Makeup can serve all the functions EXCEPT which of the following?
Makeup may be used to help improve the actor's diction.
Which person is responsible for the building and operation of stage machinery and scenery; scheduling lighting and industrial crews; moving scenery in and out of the theatre; and establishing policies and directives for scene shifting?
Which of the following is true of the history of lighting in scene design?
Even before the advent of electricity, designers attempted to manipulate lighting with candles, oil lamps, and reflective surfaces.