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33 terms

Middle East

Middle East Review
STUDY
PLAY
Koran
Book of Islam
Miraj
The journey Muhammad took for enlightment
Hegira
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
Khadija
Muhammad's Wife
Abu Talib
Muhammad's Uncle
Ka'aba
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
Mosque
Muslim house of worship
Arabic
The Language
Jihad
Holywar
5 Pillars
5 main rules that a Muslim must follow and live by
Shahda
"there is no god except God. Muhammad is the messenger of God"
Zakat
charity
Salat
the second pillar of Islam is prayer
Swam
Fasting
Hajj
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
Sharia
Muslim law
Abbasid
The dynasty that came after the Umayyads. Devoted their energy to trade, scholorship, and the arts.
Ummayad
Ummayad Caliphs ruled from AD 661-AD 750, Damascus in Syria was their capital
Abd al Rahman
the one person who escaped Abdullah's deadly dinner and fled to Spain to become the leader of the Spanish Ummayads and make Cordoba his capital
Al Andalus
a muslim state
Reconquista
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
1492
Not only does Columbus sails the ocean blue, Ferdinand and Isabella end the Reconquista as well
Battle of Tours
732, battle that stoppped Muslim invsion
Pope Ubran II
pope who called for the first crusades to reclaim jersulam form the musliums
The Crusades
A "holy war" that was issued by Pope Urban II so that they would be able to gain control of the Holy Land
Saladin
The leader of the Muslims in the third crusade and captured Jerusalem in 1187.
Osman
most successful warrior and "founder" of Ottomans
Mehmet II
7th sultan ruler of the Ottoman Empire, captured Constantinople (Istanbul) (The Byzantine Empire)
Suleiman the Lawgiver
created a law code and extended the ottoman empire to the balkans, the middle east, and northern africa
1453
Ottomans capture Constantinople
The Ottomans
Turkish Empire following the collapse of the Byzantine Empire. Longest running empire in the history of the Anatolian Peninsula (1258-1918).
People of The Book
Other Religons
Convivencia
life together of different religons