Chapter 7 1-3 Hannah Rose

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

plateau
a relatively high, flat land area
savanna
broad grassland dotted with small trees and shrubs
Sahara
the largest desert on earth that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean
Great Rift Valley
distinctive feature where mountains loom over deep canyons
Congo River
river that waters the dense vegetation of the Congo Basin
Kalahari Desert
one of the two largest deserts; located in the south
Nubia
area to the south in which busy trade with Egypt rose
Kushites
people of Kush who used bronze and stone weapons and conquered Egypt
Ethiopia
Axum was located in what is now Ethiopia
King Ezana
Axumite ruler who conquered and invaded Kush; converted to Christianity and made it Axum's official religion
subsistence farming
the practice of growing just enough crops for personal use, not for sale
Swahili
a mixed African-Arabian culture that developed along the east coast of Africa; also, the major language used in that area, combining Bantu with Arabic words and phrases
stateless society
a group of independent villages organized into clans and led by a local ruler or clan head without any central government
Ghana
the first great trading state in West Africa; emerged as early as 500 AD
Berbers
carried trade across the desert; nomadic peoples whose camel caravans became known as the "fleets of the desert"
Sundiata Keita
established the trading state of Mali in the mid-thirteenth century
Mali
the greatest trading state in West Africa; established by Sundiata Keita
Timbuktu
famous trading city; present-day Tombouctou
Mansa Musa
one of the richest and most powerful kings; ruled form 1312 to 1337; doubled the size of the kingdom of Mali
Sunni Ali
created a new dynasty, the Sunni, in 1464; spent much of his reign on horseback leading his army in one military campaign after another
Muhammad Ture
military commander and devout Muslim; the Songhai Empire reached the height of its power during his reign
Bantu
family of languages; farming people who spoke these dialects began to move into East Africa
Mogadishu
part of the string of trading ports that formed
Mombasa
part of the string of trading ports that formed
Kilwa
part of the string of trading ports that formed
Ibn Battuta
Arab traveler who lived in the 14th century; among those who visited the cities of Kilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombasa
Zimbabwe
was the wealthiest and most powerful state in the region from about 1300 to about 1450
lineage group
an extended family unit that has combined into a larger community
matrilineal
tracing lineage through the mother rather than the father
patrilineal
tracing lineage through the father
diviner
a person who is believed to have the power to foretell events
griot
a special class of African storytellers who help keep alive a people's history
Yoruba
people in Nigeria who believed that their chief god sent his son Oduduwa down from Heaven in a canoe to create the first humans
Nigeria
place where the Yoruba people lived
Ashanti
group of people from Ghana who believed in a supreme being called Nyame, whose sons were lesser gods
Ife
the capital of the Yoruba people
Benin
a place in West Africa where artists were influenced by the Ife sculptors