93 terms

Myit ch. 5

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Terms in this set (...)

The two major types of system software programs are utility programs and the...
Operating system
The .... of the operating system enables users to communicate with the computer system.
User interface
OS X is the operating system developed by
Apple
Examples of network operating systems
OS X, Linux, Windows 10
NOT MS-DOS
Capabilities of UNIX
Multitasking, a network OS, multiuser
NOT only for super computers
Most Supercomputer use the .... operating system
Linux
2 Operating systems used on most tablets
Android and iOS
****
...
Proprietary OS for desktop and laptop computers
Windows
Windows 10 uses... account for easy access and storage of online files
OneDrive
The Mac OS was the first commercially available OS to n incorporate
Point and click
NOT a user inferface
Application programming interface (API)
Command-driven
Menu-driven
Graphic user interface (GUI)
API
Using hard disk space temporarily store data or instructions from RAM is referred to as the
virtual memory
Each device attached to your computer has a special program called.... that enables the device and operating system to communicate with each other
device driver
First step in the boot process
the BIOS is activated by turning on the computer
The basic input/output system (BIOS) is stored on a
ROM chip
All of the following terms related to part of the boot process exept
RAM
ROM
USB
CMOS
USB
In the late 1980s, computer specialists were concerned that proprietary software had too many ..... so they started working on open source projects.
bugs
C: denotes a(n) ________ directory that is at the top of the filing structure of a computer.
root
When using Windows File Explorer, which view provides the most information at a glance?
Details
All of the following can be used in an OS X file name EXCEPT ________.
:
$
#
%
:
The location of a file is specified by its ________.
file path
C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\protocol is an example of a file ________.
path
Which of the following is the name of a Microsoft Excel file?
xlsx
wpd
accdb
pdf
xlsx
Deleted files on a Mac computer are moved to the ________.
trash
Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges pieces of files on your hard drive to allow for faster access?
Error-checking
Disk defragmenter
Task manager
Disk Cleanup
Disk defragmenter
Which of the following is NOT a Windows utility program?
System restore
desktop
disk defragmenter
disk cleanup
Desktop
Which utility temporarily removes redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?
file compression
You can use the Windows ________ to check on a nonresponsive program.
Task manager
The ________ utility automatically creates duplicates of your libraries, desktops, contacts and favorites to another storage location.
file history
The .....is a group of programs that controls how your computer functions.
operating system
iOS was developed by ... as the operating system for its tablets and smartphones.
apple
The fuel-injection system in car engine uses a(n) ..... operating system.
RTOS
Most supercomputers use the .. operating system.
linux
The vast majority of smartphones use the Correct answer Android or ... operating systems.
iOS
Linux download packages are called distributions or ...
distros
MS-DOS used a(n) .... interface.
command-driven
A unique signal by a device to let the operating system know that it needs attention is called a(n)
interrupt
If your computer is thrashing, increase .... to solve the problem.
RAM
PnP stands for
plug and play
The Windows feature that removes a newly installed, improperly working driver and replaces it with the last one that worked is called
Roll Back driver
During the boot process, the ..... is responsible for loading the operating system from the hard drive into RAM.
BIOS
When a computer is booted, the .... checks the computer's components.
Power-on self-test
If Windows detects a problem during the boot process, it will add Last Known Good Configuration to the Windows ...... Menu.
advanced options
Fudge
...
The ... is a Windows that enables you to capture a screen display
Snipping too
In the windows operating system, the C:\ path is commonly referred to as the ....
Root directory
When using windows pc .... is the main tool for finding viewing and managing files
File explorer
The windows path separator is the ... character
Backslash
In the file name Resume.docx is the ... indicating file type
Extension
Crap
...
The windows utility program that removes unnecessary files from the hard drive is called
Disk cleanup
Kdnsk
...
Scattered pieces of the hard drive can be grouped into sequential order using the ... utility
Disk defragmenter
Windows included the ... center which is a centralized location for assisting technology and tools to adjust accessibility settings
Ease of access
True or false
Every computer has an operating system
True
Gaming consoles do not need an operating system
False
A system restore point is a snapshot of your entire system setting
True
A personal computer can only have one operating system installed on it
False
Most a stop in lotto computers run some version of Windows
True
Android isn't open source operating system for personal computers and network servers
False
When you're computer runs out of RAM the operating system barrows space from the CPU
False
Installing a device driver can sometimes cause systems instability
True
CMOS is a special kind of memory that uses a great deal of power
False
Preemptive multitasking is the term used when the operating system processes higher priority tasks before lower priority tasks
True
I'll explore is windows main program to manage files
True
You can use system restore to restore your system settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly
True
I'll names in windows are case
False
Definitions
Storage location for a collection of files
Folder
Concentric circle on the hard drive
Track
By shape wedge on the hard drive
Sector
Round thing plate of metal that makes up the hard drive
Platter
Displays open and favorite applications
Taskbar
Portable document format
.pdf
Image
.jpeg
Compressed file
.zip
Microsoft access
.accdb
Web page
.html
Combination of processor and operating system
Platform
Primary work area
Desktop
The condition of excessive paging
Thrashing
Place an application tile on the start screen or taskbar
Pin
Type of user interface in Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows 10
GUI
List all the programs being used and indicates their status
Task manager
Bring system back to a previously stable state
System restore
Remove the necessary files from the hard drive
Disk cleanup
We groups related pieces of files on the hard disk
Disc defragmenter
Checks the hard drive for damaged files
Error checking
Operating system supervisor program
Kernel
Process of optimizing RAM storage by using hard drive space
Virtual memory
Temporary storage area on the hard drive
Swap file
Coordinate print jobs
Spooler
The process of swapping data between RAM and a swap file
Paging