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simple narrative account
non-fiction, chronological list of events (police report), purpose is to tell what happens
plotless short story
fiction, sole purpose is to entertain the reader, describes characters in a situation; does not develop or resolve a conflict
in media ras
story begins at middle; then goes back and fills the reader in through flashbacks and other forms of exposition
turning point of plot, protagonist has the opportunity to change, conflict begins to come to an end
events that come after the technical climax; works out the decision that was made during the technical climax
functions of setting
to help in understanding of the characters and their actions; to help create mood and atmosphere; to facilitate plot development by being involved in the conflict
technique used by writers to create a reveal characters (consistency and credibility are essential)
expository character revelation
straight-forward mannar of telling the reader about a character; less attention-getting
dramatic character revelation
characterizing through thoughts, dialouge, and action, less quick but more attention-getting
a well described character; whose thoughts and actions are clearly revealed throughout the story
a character who grows, learns, or changes from the way they were at the beginning to the story
a character whose speech, actions, and thoughts are what is expected by the reader (all good characters are this)
a character created to a widely held (often narrow-minded) idea; has no individuality and is not well developed
third person objective
the narrator is not a character in the story and reports only what can be seen and heard
third person limited omniscient
the narrator is not a character in the story and reports not only what can be seen and heard, but also the thoughts and feelings of one of the characters
third person omniscient
the narrator is not a character in the story and reports not only what can be seen and heard, but also the thoughts and feelings of all of the important characters
guidelines to stating theme
must be complete sentence, must be a general truth about life, brought out throughout the entire story
using something concrete to represent something abstract; represents idea, quality, concept or condition
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