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JOUR 200 Test 2 - Important People
Terms in this set (25)
-leaked the Pentagon Papers in 1971
-was charged under the Espionage Act
-involved the use of no prior restraint - government could not restrain the press before publication
James Gordon Bennett
-founder, editor & publisher of the New York Herald
-shaped many of the methods of modern journalism
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
-leading theorist, writer and orator of the Women's Rights Movement
-formed the Seneca Falls Convention (July 1848)
-mocked as "obese" by papers
-co-founded the Revolution (Jan. 1868) with Anthony; a radical newspaper for women that insisted suffrage was only the first step in the women's rights campaign
Susan B. Anthony
-fellow leader in the Women's Rights Movement
-unmarried, devoted to cause as an intellect and organizer
-partnered with Stanton to form a dynamic duo
-called a "spindly old maid" by the papers
-co-founded the Revolution with Stanton
-senator of Wisconsin leading "witch hunt" against Democratic party in 1952
-exploited the country's Cold War, Soviet Union fears to convince people Democratic party had committed treason
-TV news was the force that brought him down
Edward R. Murrow
-fought back against McCarthy with his news program See It Now on CBS through the story "A Report on Senator Joseph R. McCarthy"
-TV saturation in 1950s contributed to his success
-behind the scenes collaborator on See It Now w/Murrow
-first partnered with Murrow on Hear It Now, a magazine program on CBS radio
-CBS anchor considered to be the "most trusted man in America"
-set tone for coverage during the Vietnam War following the Tet Offensive
-Report from Vietnam by Walker Cronkite showed him walking through the rubble of warfare
-determined the US would not be able to win the war and should negotiate peace instead of continuing to fight
-also covered the moon landing
-creator of 60 Minutes
-considered "the father of TV news"
-"tell me a story"
-"inventor of television news as we know it"
-attacked Boss Tweed, municipal corporations in his illustrations for Harper's Weekly
-the NYT began to put words to Nast's illustrations
-also known for his famous illustrations of the democrat donkey & republican elephant, and classic image of Santa Claus
-considered the "father of public relations"
-created the "breakfast is the most important meal of the day" campaign
-American publicity expert and considered the founder of modern public relations
-worked to improve the image of Rockefeller after Standard Oil
-the first muckraker
-wrote first for the New York Evening Post, covering wall street & city police
-then switched to McClure's (greatest muckraking journal)
-investigated municipal government in the US, visiting largest cities in the country for 3 years to conduct studies
-wrote "Tweed Days in St. Louis" to alert Americans about the immorality
-writer of The Shame of the Cities, which helped to usher in city-manager form of government (led to the hiring of professional administrators with training/experience; political spoils system reduced through credentials/standardized tests)
-muckraker who investigated Standard Oil for McClure's in a series called "History of the Standard Oil Company" (1902-Oct. 1904)
-also wrote for Chautauwuan magazine on education, public health
-results of her work:
-Hepburn Act passed in 1906 (severe penalties for preferential treatments by railroads)
-Std. Oil also found to be in violation of Sherman Anti-Trust Act
-wrote to the paper Appeal to Reason
-wrote series called The Jungle (beginning in Feb. 1905) about the food, meat industry
-took a different approach; used fiction writing to reflect on actual events
-led to investigation by President Roosevelt, food quality laws, and the "Meat Inspection Act"
David Graham Phillips
-wrote for Cosmopolitan magazine (1906), which was owned by Hearst
-investigated corporate ties to senators - the "treason of the Senate!"
-led to 17th Amendment (direct election of senators)
-editor of Ladies' Home Journal
-Wrote "The Content of Medicine" in 1904
-was willing to sacrifice ad revenue to run the stories
-led to Congress passing the Pure Food and Drug Act
-creator of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (1878)
-pioneered new style of newspapering, targeting masses of Americans previously ignored
-believed papers should be cheap, written clearly & concisely, and crusade in the community's interest
-"accuracy is to a newspaper what virtue is to a woman"
-created New York World in 1883; became known as the "people's paper" with a commitment to readability and serving the masses by "exposing fraud and fighting public evils" -- was thought to be a "vulgar" and oversensationalized paper
William Randolph Hearst
-engaged in "newspaper war" with Pulitzer
-Worked on NY World, then edited for the San Francisco Examiner, making it into a profitable business by appealing to the masses
-paper used to compete w/Pulitzer was the New York Journal (1895): cost 1 cent, introduced color printing
-"yellow journalism" was the term that emerged to describe the fighting between Pulitzer & Hearst
-by the end of the paper war, both papers claimed figures of 1.25 million in circulation
-female photographer for Life magazine during WW2
-first woman correspondent accredited to the army air force
-covered the fighting, and also modeled women's army uniforms
-famous images of women in the workforce; "Women in Steel" photo series showed women as too heroic, strong to fit in a 2-dimensional magazine
-drawn to women with more rugged, robust features
-editor of the Washington Post; covered the Watergate story
-described as "buoyant and personable"
-29 year old Yale graduate who spent 5 yrs. in navy before doing journalism
-worked with Bernstein on the Watergate story; the duo became known as "Woodstein"
-28 year old copy boy at Washington Star; college dropout to work for the Post in 1966 & was assigned to cover suburban Virginia
-worked with Woodward on the Watergate story; the duo became known as "Woodstein"
-anonymous source and friend to Woodward prior to Watergate break-in
-confirmed dozens of facts for Woodward & Bernstein during their investigation and steered them away from false leads
-identified himself publicly as W. Mark Felt in 2005
Father Charles Coughlin
-known as the "radio priest"
-pastor in Detroit suburb in 1926; used the radio as an innovative way to expand his congregation
-at first his sermons focused on Great Depression, economic matters; then began to also attack political leaders; then promoted anti-Semitism and even sympathized with Nazis, Hitler
-in July 1939 went even farther; endorsed violence as an appropriate response to social ills "instigated" by Jews
-eventually left the radio and continued his commentary in Social Justice, his anti-Semitic paper
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