26 terms

Endocrine System: Glands and Hormones

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parathyroid
small glands that ride "horseback" on the thyroid
placenta
endocrine producing organ present only in pregnant women
pineal body
regulates the body's biological clock+produces melatonin
pituitary gland
the master gland of the endocrine system
posterior pituitary
This part of the pituitary does not produce hormones, but stores and releases oxytocin and ADH.
anterior pituitary
TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, GH, PH
thyroid gland
located in front of neck, secreting triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and calcitonin
thymus gland
Thymosin
pancreas
produces digestive juices, insulin, and glucagon
ovary
(vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone
testes
secretes testosterone. produces sperm.
adrenal cortex
the ourter part of the adrenal gland that secretes many hormones, including cortisone and aldosterone
adrenal medulla
Epinephrine, Norepinephrine
thyroxine
basal metabolic hormone
thymosin
programs t lymphocytes
PTH
most important hormone regulating the amount of calcium circulating in the blood, released when blood calcium drops
cortisone
helps to protect the body during long term stressful situations such as an extended illness or injury
ephinephrine
short term stress hormone; "fight or flight" response; increases BP and HR
Insulin
Necessary if glucose is to be taken up by body cells
ACTH, FSH, TSH, LH
four tropic hormones
glucagon
Acts antagonistically to insulin, produced by same endocrine organ
ADH
AntiDiureticHormone...reuptake of water
FSH,LH
regulates the ovarian cycle
Estrogen, Progesterone
Directly regulate the menstrual or uterine cycle
Aldosterone
adrenal cortex hormone involved in regulating salt levels of body fluids
Prolactin and oxytocin
Necessary for milk production and ejection
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