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RUSSIA; comparative Government
Terms in this set (58)
Which of the following was a direct result of the reforms initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev?
Major Political and economic reforms took place ultimately using in the collapse of the USSR
The Coup resisted by Yeltsin and his supports in August og 1991 was lead by
Hardline communist reactionaries
Which of the following best describes Russia's economic reforms at the end of the 20th century?
They involved rapid privatization
In the Soviet Union, the term nomenklatura referred to
A system by which Communist Leaders named who would play influential roles in government
A major reason for the uncertain progress Russia has made in establishing a new regime since 1991 is
Democratic centralism practiced for more than 70 years by the Communist Party in the USSR
The Tsars Of Russia closely Identified themselves with
the Russian Orthodox Church
Which of the following is written in the correct chronological order:
"shock therapy" in modern Russian politics is in reference to
Sudden free-market reform
Stalin's Five Year Plans focused on
Collectivization of agricultural and industrialization
a policy of reform focused on are emphasis on freedom of speech and press. It literally means "opens" and allowed for more open discussion
the radical economic reform of Gorbachev that tried to maintain the old Soviet structure and modernize from within. It transferred many economic powers held by the central government to private hands and the market economy
All of the following are measures imposed by Vladimir Putin that have centralized power in the Kremlin EXCEPT:
Amending the constitution to allow the present to serve more than two terms
Which of the following best describes Russia's current party system in practices?
One Party dominant
So far, political parties in the Russian Federation tend to base their organization on
the appeal of particular leader(s)
Russia's arrangement for insider privation is illustrated by
Companies run by men seen as loyal to Vladimir Putin
Which of the following is the best description for the relationship between interest groups and central government in Russia?
interest groups and the government interact under the riles of that state corporatism
Which of the following is true of Russia today?
Former communist continue to have power and influence as oligarchs
Russia's government may recalled asymmetric federalism because
Power is devolved unequally across the country
which of the following best describes the current Russian government's policies toward organizations in civil Society?
The government does not directly attack the groups, but it has used a number of tactics to weaken them
The Constitution of 1993 gave the Russian Duma the power to
Veto the President's appointment of the Prime Minister
Stalin replaced privately own farms of the NEP with collective farms that were state run. Private run property was replaced, and the farms were intended to feed workers in the cities
Conflict in Chechnya
Primarily Muslim region that has fought for years for their freedom. The independence movement is still strong and the Chechens have been involved in several terroist attacks. Voted in support of a constitution, even though it said Chechnya was an inseparable part of Russia. The fighting still has not stopped, and the president Kadyrov, rules Chechnya virtually as an independent Islamic State.
Took charge in 1985 and was a reformer from a younger generation. Unlike previous Soviet leaders, he was open to more western- style reforms. However, he inherited far more problems than any outsider realized at the time, and many of his reforms were motivated by sheer necessity to save the country from economic disaster. his program included Glasnost, Democratization, and Perestroika.
"shocker therapy" were reforms that he advocated, which pointed the country in the direction of democracy and a free-market economy.
-leader of protesters during the 1991 Coup D'etat that tried to remove Gorbachev from office. Also the elected president of Russian Republic and former Politburo a few years earlier because of his radical views offended conservativies.
Adovated more extreme measures than Gorbachev did
Won his position as president of the Russian Republic as a result of new voting procedures
United Russia Party
The party was founded in April 2001 as a merger of Fatherland All-Russian Party and the Unity Party of Russia. The Unity Party was put together by oligarch Berezovsky and other entrepreneurs to support the then Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in the presidential election of 2000. The merger of the parties put even more political support behind Putin. In the 2003 election, this party won 221 of the 450 Duma seats. In the 2004 election, Putin ran as the Party's presidential candidate and won with 71% of the vote. The party gained seats in2007, but later loss seats in the 2012 election. Ideologically the party is hard to define except that is it pro-Putin.
The Tendency of Russian citizens to value the existence of a strong government to protect them
Which of the following appears to be a significant difference between the political views of Russian citizens and citizens of most established democracies?
Russians are more likely to believe in equality of results rather than equality of opportunity
Which of the following is the BEST description of current Russian relationships with the near abroad?
Russia generally dominates trade agreements that bind the countries together
Which of the following is the BEST description of the role of military in the current Russian political system?
The military has very little political power, and its leaders general don't shape political power
Marx predicted that proletarian revolutions would occur first in
industrial capitalist countries such as Great Britian
Russia's difficulties with the Chechen region are based primarily on
All of the following population patterns have made cultural heterogeneity a special challenge for Russians rulers EXCEPT
Russia's are concentrated in one place, and seldom live in the same regions as other thnictities
Today most Russians live in
cities in the western part of the country
One of the most frequently heard of current criticism of Vladimir Putin's presidency is that
he is centralizing so much power in the presidency that Russia's democratic reforms are in jeopardyq
In comparison to the European Union, the Commonwealth of Independent States is
In contrast to non- communist countries, communist countries usually place more value on
equality rather than liberty
Which of the following is a change that societies influenced by Marxism generally encourage?
more equal roles in society for men and women
Which of the following is the best description of the type of political system put in place by the Russian Constitution of 1993?
A hybrid presidential- parliamentary system
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of British and Russian judicial systems?
Britain's judiciary does not exercise judicial review, but the Russian cOnstitution of 1993 created a structure to exercise judicial review.
Which of the following accurately compares the electoral systems for the British House of Commons and the Russian Duma since 2007?
Britain uses first-past-the post system; Russia uses proportional representation
Which of the following accurately compares the British and Russian executive branches?
Both Britain Russia have an executive branch that is separated between head of state and a head of government, but Russia's head of state has more real power
Which of the following is NOT a significant issue for either the British or Russian political systems?
rapidly increasing populations
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of party systems inn Britain and Russia?
Russia's political parties are more likely to be organized around a personality or a powerful individual
the "Slavophile vs. Westernizer" characteristics of Russia's political culture indicates that the political culture is
Both Britian and Russia have seen significant demographic increases in their percentages of
Compared to Great Britain, Russia's civil society is
less well developed
Which of the following is an accurate comparison of Russia's and Britain's government structures?
Britain is a unitary state; Russia is a federalist state
The main purpose of the Feration Council, according to the Russian Constitution, is to
represent regions in the national legislature
Which of the following do the British and Russian military have in common?
neither actively participates in the policy making process.
All of the following political institutions are present in BOTH Britain and Russia EXCEPT
which of the following is a common characteristic of upper legislative houses in Britian and Russia?
Both have very little policymaking power in the political system.
the use of judicial review in Russia is limited because
the judiciary has been dominated by the chief executives
Which descriptions below must accurately describes BRIC countries
All of the countries have fast-growing economies
The societal cleavage that most influenced the organization of Russia into a "federation" in the early 1990s was
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