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Social Studies Chapter 6 Vocabulary and Questions

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The nickname for the Middle Colonies was?
The Breadbasket Colonies
List some of the natural feature that made the Middle Colones an attactive place for people to settle.
Good Climate, Plenty of rain, fertile land, wide and navigable rivers, large seaports, large forests
Who controlled the colony of New York befre the English?
The Dutch
Explain how the english were able to conquer New Amsterdam without firing a shot.
They outnumbered the Dutch and then offered the settlers the rights of an Englishman if they surrendered.
Who was the founder of New York and New Jersey?
The Duke of York
refuge
a safe place
proprietor
An owner
trial by jury
group of citizens who decide if a person is guilty or innocent of a crime
justice
Fairness
Who was the founder of Pennsylvania?
William Penn
Why were the colonies of New York, Ne Jersey and Delaware founded?
to control the trade on the Atlantic Coast
Why was Pennsylvania founded?
Religious freedom
How did Penn establish good relations with the Native Americans?
He treated them fairly and paid them for the land he was given by the king.
diversity
differences among people
immigrant
a person who comes into a country to live.
What were the three rights granted to the citizens of Pennsylvania?
Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion, and Trial by Jury
What is the Great Awakening?
It was a religious movement that renewed the peoples interest in religion.
How did the Great Amwakening affect people's relationship with God?
It changed God from a punisher to someone you need a personal relationship with
religious toleration
acceptance of religious differences
__________________ played a major part in the social life of the colonists.
Religion
What are three ways Ben Franklin helped the city of Philadelphia.
He established the first firefighting company in the colony, he established the militia, and helped raise money for the first hospital.
Farmers took thier crops to _____________ ________ to sell.
Market Towns
Most towns in the Middle Colonies had a _______________, gristmill, lumber yard and ______________ ____________.
blacksmith and general store
prosperity
economic success
artisan
a skilled craftsman
What were some of the Imports of the Middle Colonies?
medicine, furniture, tea, and gunpowder
What were the major exports of the Middle Colonies?
Flour, lumber, furs, and salted meats
What were the teo major port cities in the Middle Colonies?
New York City and Philadelphia
What country was the major trading partner with the Middle Colonies?
England
apprentice
a young person learning a trade from a master by working and living with the master for several years.