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23 terms

BIO 211 Lab Quiz 8

Lab Quiz 8: The Urinary System
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Fibrous Capsule
Outermost part of the kidney
Urinary Bladder
Storage organ of the urinary system
Renal Vein
Takes blood from the kidney
Arcuate Arteries
Separates the renal cortex from the medulla
Minor Calyx
Receives urine from the renal papilla
Major Calyx
Leads directly to the renal pelvis
The _____ is found between the kidney and the urinary bladder.
Ureter
The _____ is the terminal part of the nephron.
Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT)
Filtration occurs at the _____ part of the nephron.
Renal Corpuscle
What is the outer region of the kidney called that contains glomeruli?
Cortex
Describe the kidneys with regard to their position to the parietal peritoneum.
Kidneys are retroperitoneal
What takes urine from the bladder to the exterior of the body?
Urethra
What blood vessel takes blood to the kidney?
Renal Vein
On the posterior bladder is a triangular region. What is it called?
Trigone
Distal convoluted tubules flow directly into what structures?
Collecting ducts
What is a renal papilla?
The tip of the renal pyramid where the collecting ducts drip urine into the minor calyx
Name the protective capsule that covers a kidney.
Fibrous Capsule
Blood in the glomerulus next flows to what arteriole?
Efferent Arteriole
What shows greater anatomical difference between the sexes: ureters, urinary bladder, or urethra?
Urethra
Blood in an arcuate vein would next flow into what structure?
Interlobular vein
What histological feature distinguishes a proximal convoluted tubule from a distal convoluted tubule?
PCT has a microvilli called a brush border
Name the parts of the nephron.
Renal corpuscle, PCT, Nephron loop, and DCT
What type of cell lines the bladder?
Transitional Epithelial Cells