Terms in this set (15)
a period in which people changed their outlook on life by seeing reason as the key to human progress
a form of government in which the monarch's (king) power is limited by a basic set of laws
the people give the government power in exchange the government protects citizens' rights.
rights that belong to the people "by nature," simply because they are human beings; i.e. life, liberty, property
separation of powers
the division of powers among branches of government that is intended to limit power from any one person
Believed that human beings were naturally cruel, selfish, and greedy, and needed a government that had absolute authority
Believed that all humans had natural rights i.e. life, liberty, and property.
Believed that the only way to prevent one person having too much power in government was to divide the powers between 3 branches of government.
Believed in people's right of freedom of speech and advocated religious tolerance, or people's right to practice religion in their own ways.
a king or queen who rules over an entire nation with absolute power
the principle of complete and unrestricted government power, usually in the hands of one person, a dictator or despot.
Divine Right of Kings
meant that Kings derived their authority from God and could not be held accountable for their actions by an earthly authority such as government or parliament.
Consent of the Governed / Popular Sovereignty
The power of the government comes from the people; if a government failed, then citizens would no longer agree to be governed and they would have the right to revolt.
Believed that humans are naturally good, and that there is a social contract between the government and the people
A period that saw advances in new technology and ideas about how the world works