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ECS Introduction to Web Design Vocabulary, HTML Tags, Attributes & Definitions Test
Terms related to the Internet, World Wide Web, and Web Design.
Terms in this set (69)
a worldwide collection of computers and computer networks that link billions of computers used by businesses, government, educational institutions, organizations, and individuals using modems, phone lines, television cables, satellite links, fiber-optic connections, and other communication devices and media.
A collection of two or more computers that are connected to share resource and information. Today, high-, medium-, and low-speed data lines connect networks.
a collection of high-speed data lines that connect major computer systems located around the world.
Internet service provider (ISP)
A company that has a permanent connection to the internet backbone.
World Wide Web
an information system on the Internet that allows documents by hypertext links, enabling the user to search for information by moving from one document to another.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
a set of rules for exchanging text, graphic, sound, video, and other multimedia files.
an individual page on a Web site
the first document a viewer sees when they access the website. They serve as indexes or table of contents to other documents and files displayed on the site.
Web server (host)
computers that store and send requested Web pages and other files. Any computer can be a Web server so long as it has Web server software installed and an Internet connection.
copying the web pages and associated files such as graphics and audio to a web server.
a program that interprets and displays web pages and enables you to interact with a web page. Safari, Google chrome, Internet explorer, and Mozilla Firefox are all examples.
a private network that uses Internet technologies to share company information among employees. It is contained within a company or organization's private network, which makes it private and only available to those who need access.
a private network that uses Internet technologies to share business information with select corporate partners or key customers. It can be used to share product manuals, training modules, inventory status, and order information. It also might allow retailers to purchase inventory directly from their suppliers or pay bills online.
The buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
the address of a document or other file accessible on the Internet.
Used to connect one Web page to another Web page on the same server or Web pages on different Web servers located anywhere around the world. They can be elements like text, graphics, and animations.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
an authoring language used to create documents for the World Wide Web; the basic building block of web pages; defines the structure. Web browser reads the HTML document and composes them into visual or audible web pages.
define the structure and layout of a web document and specify how the page is displayed in a browser.
define additional characteristics such as font weight or style for the HTML tag; Most HTML elements can have attributes.
you can create, or code, and HTML file on one type of computer and then use a browser on another type of computer to view that file as a Web page
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
a foundation that maintains the standards of the HTML language, and the requirements it must meet in order to ensure its integrity.
tags that are being phased out and therefore no longer recommended in the latest W3C standard
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
a language that describes the look and formatting of a document written using a markup language.
HTML text editor
a simple program used to develop text, (such as HTML) edit, and print text. Examples include: notepad and wordpad
a program that provides a graphical user interface that allows a developer to preview the Web page during its development. Examples include Adobe Dreamweaver, Amaya, and CoffeeCup HTML Editor.
linear web site
connects Web sites in a straight line
broad Web site
a Web site where the home page is the main index page and all others are linked individually to the home page; therefore, the user must return home to move from one page to the next.
deep Web sites
a Web site that has many levels of pages, requiring the user to click many times to reach a particular page.
webbed Web site
a Web site where information is not needed to be seen/read in a specific order and that has many navigation options; no set organization
hierarchical Web site
connects Web pages in a treelike structure
a collection of web pages.
a program that provides basic text-editing functions, as well as more advanced features such as color-coding for various HTML tags, menus to insert HTML tags and spell checkers
a series of rules that defines the style for a Web page or an entire Web site
standard network protocol used to transfer computer files between a client and server on a computer network
a site that is available to the public
inline style sheet
changes the style of an individual tag
embedded (internal) style sheet
changes the styles using the <style></style> tags within the head section
external style sheet
changes the style of multiple pages in a Web site; saved as an .css file
Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)
uses images with few colors (<256); allows for transparent images
Portable Network Graphics (.png)
newest format for images; used for all types of images; allows for variation in transparency
Joint Photographic Experts Group (.jpg)
used for images with many colors (>256), such as photos
.htm or .html
extension for saving an HTML file/document
have an opening and closing
empty (self-contained) tags
have no closing
Indicates the version of HTML; first line of an HTML page.
called the anchor tag; used to create links in a web page;needs href attribute
(Hypertext REFerence); specifies the URL of the linked page or file
Defines the document's main part; where all content that appears on a page will go.
Inserts a single line break
<h1> </h1>to <h6></h6>
Defines HTML headings; h1 is largest, most important and h6 is smallest, least important.
Defines information about the document; includes <title>, <meta>, and stylesheet references
Creates a "horizontal line" across the page
Indicates the start and end of and HTML document
Defines an image; must use the "src" attribute to function properly.
Mandatory attribute for <img> that indicates the URL of the image to be shown
Defines a list item
Defines an ordered list (numbers, letter, roman numerals)
Defines a paragraph
Defines a title for the document; placed in <header>; will appear in browser's tab
Defines an unordered (bulleted) list
This tag ALWAYS appears first in HTML
This is ALWAYS the last tag in HTML
This tag goes second in HTML
This tag comes directly before the opening body tag
This tag goes inside of the head section in your HTML document
This tag comes directly after the <html> tag
This tag comes directly before the </html> tag
This tag comes directly after the </head> tag
This tag comes directly before the <body> tag
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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