Create an account
ability to direct one's thinking, adapt to one's circumstances, and to learn from one's experiences
IQ (by Binet and Simon)
measured aptitude for learning, not achievement
focused on mental age
Ratio IQ and Deviation IQ
mental age divided by chronological age times 100
not as useful for adults as kids
in reference to age group and how rest of population did
a stat obtained by dividing a person's test score by the average test score of people in the same age group and then multiplying the quotient by 100
IQ tests can tell us...
occupational status (higher IQ, higher job status)
health, wealth, attitudes, basic cognitive abilities
two-factor theory of intelligenc
(Spearman) every task requires a combination of generla ability (g) and skills that are specific to the task (s)
primary mental abilities
(Thurstone) word fluency, verbal comprehension, number, space, memory, perceptual speed, reasoning
three level hierarchy
general factor (like Spearman's g)
specific factors (like Spearman's s)
group factors (like Thurstone's primary abilities)
general intelligence, followed by middle-level abilities, followed by specific factors
look at responses to intelligence tests and construct factors from there
suggests 8 independent middle-level abilities
Gardner's 8 types of intelligence
verbal-linguistic - "word smart" (production and use of language)
logical-mathematical- "logic smart" (problem-solving and scientific thinking)
visual-spatial - "picture smart" (spatial configuration; artists, architects)
bodily-kinesthetic - "body smart" (body; surgeons, athletes)
musical-kinesthetic - "music smart" (music)
interpersonal - "people smart" (between people; sensitivity to others)
intrapersonal - "self smart" (within - understanding self)
naturalistic - "nature smart" (patterns in universe)
(h2) stat that describes the proportion of the difference between people's scores that can be explained by differences in their genes
those environmental factors that are experienced by all revelant members of a household
those environmental factors that are not experienced by all relevant members of a household
genes impact intelligence
identical twins tend to have very similar intelligence (100% common genes)
fraternal twins are less strongly correlated (50% common genes)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together