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AP US History Chapter 12 and 13

Terms in this set (38)

-the U.S. Congress was being steered by an aggressive faction of young legislators in the House of Representatives known as the War Hawks
-Henry Clay, a leader of the War Hawks, was a young member of Congress from Kentucky
-representing the views of Americans living in the West, Clay believed that war with Britain would not only restore American prestige, it would also provide a great benefit in territory
-an openly stated goal of the western War Hawks was for the U.S. to invade and seize Canada and there was a belief that it would be easy to achieve
-the War of 1812 has often been called "America's Second War for Independence," and that title is appropriate
-the young United States government was determined to make Britain respect it
-the U.S. Declared War In June 1812
-the vote in the House was 79 to 49 to go to war
-members of Congress supporting the war were mostly from the South and West, those opposed from the Northeast
-the U.S. Senate voted 19 to 13 to go to war
-the Senate vote also tended to be along regional lines, with most of the votes against the war coming from the Northeast
-with so many members of Congress voting against going to war, the War of 1812 was always controversial
-opposition to the War was a persistent problem
-it became obvious that the war would be costly and may prove impossible to win militarily
-the desire to find a peaceful end to the conflict intensified
-American officials were eventually dispatched to Europe to work toward a negotiated settlement, the result of which was the Treaty of Ghent