Myocardial Infarction, Peripheral artery disease, angina, stroke and renal failure are all increased by which condition?
Vasopressin is valuable in the treatment of septic shock not only for its pressor effect but it also causes_____?
Angiotensin I and Angiotensin !! are converted to lower blood pressure by which agents?
Which of the following is NOT a complication of diuretics
Which of the following agents would you NOT recommend for a patient that has heart failure and needs an inotropic agent?
Thiazie diuretics and B-Blockers are first line agents for treatment of _____?
Mild or uncomplicated hypertension
Reduction in peripheral artery pressure, increase in renal blood flow, increase in C.O. are all effects of which agent?
Blocking reabsorption of NaCL in the proximal tubule and descending limb of the loop of henle is a characteristic of which type of diuretic?
Non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) should be used w/ caution because significant interactions can occur when used in conjuction with?
Diuretics that produce their effect by inhibiting the reabsorption of Chloride and Sodium in the ascending limb of the loop of henle are known as?
Which class agent is commonly used in the management of supraventricular arrhythmias, but have activity against ventricular arrhythmias as well
Class I C
Decreased blood supply, intrarenal failure, and post renal failure are all examples of what type of renal failure?
What is the composition of the Nephron?
-Proximal Convoluted tubule
-Loop of Henle
-Distal Convoluted Tubule
Hypoxia induced Respiratory Alkalosis is the most common cause of ___ in a patient with pulmonary disease?
What does Renin do for systemic blood pressure, and where is it secreted?
Increase in Systemic B/P
Secreted in the Juxtaglomerular
Primary active transport and secondary active secretion are important mechanisms in which renal function?
Reabsorption of sodium
Fluid and electrolyte imbalances make which physiological condition the most complicated acid-base imbalance to treat?
When a patient has metabolic acidosis, what other levels of metabolic measurements will also be increased?
BUN and Creatinine