Career Exploration-Unit 6 Review


Terms in this set (...)

personal profile
information about what you are good at, what you are interested in, and how much money you would need to make to maintain a lifestyle that you want
post-secondary research
an exploration of your options and educational needs after high school
career matching
stage of career exploration, the process of choosing, from your list of careers that interest you, the occupations that you want to pursue
occupational objective
the job you want, that you take the time to figure out which career best fits your own personal combination of skills, personality, and values
matching careers to your skills, interests, personality and values
1-begin with the list of careers of interest you prepared
2-conduct career research to determine the skills, personality characteristics, and values common among people who work in each occupation on your list. Allow plenty of time to go through all of the careers on your list
3-refer to your self-assessments materials to compare your skills personality characteristics, and values to those needed in the career
4-eliminate careers that are a poor fit for you
general questions to answer through research
-what education and training do I need to prepare to enter this career?
-how many jobs will be available to me in this career
specific questions to answer through research
-do I need a college or postgraduate degree?
-is there an apprenticeship for this career, a period of supervised on-the-job training?
-what is the competition to get into training/education programs for this field? For some occupations, such as a medical doctor, it is difficult to even enter the college program you need, and even more difficult to be admitted to medical school and residency programs
-how competitive is entry into the field after I complete my education or training? there are lots of qualified workers for some occupations, a situation that makes it more difficult to get a job in the field
occupational outlook
a statistical projection of the numbers of job openings expected in a field in the near future
assessing your ability to enter occupations
1- gather self-assessment materials: be acquiring helpful sources of data about yourself
-results of any online self-assessments of skills, interests, personality or values that you took
-evaluation of personality traits and types
-your school report cards, achievement test scores, college-admission test scores, or other data about your academic performance
2-judge your ability to meet requirements: take a look through all of this and use it to help you decide if you can meet the requirements of each career on your list. for example if becoming a rocket scientist requires you to get a PhD, do you have good enough grades and strong enough interest in math and science to study it at the university level for close to 10 years? if there is a lot of competition for construction apprenticeship programs in your area, do you have experiences or accomplishments that will set you apart from the other applicants, so that you can get into a program?
3- eliminate careers you are unlikely to be able to enter: if you know that you really, really cannot overcome the entry barriers to an occupation- say, for example, that just the thought of 10 years of college leaves you cold- you may want to eliminate that occupation from your list
evaluating career salaries
-self assessment
-career research: you can get information on the average pay offered for various occupations- also called compensation, wages, or salary- from many of the sources you already consulted to find the skills, interests, personality and values related to your careers of interest. these are also several internet resources that offer salary information free of charge
-if the pay is the same or more than your budget amount: this is a career that will pay enough for you to achieve your lifestyle dreams. If it also fits your skills, interests, personality, and values, and if you believe you have reasonable chance of getting a job doing this work, then you should probably keep it on your list and consider pursuing it
-if the pay is less than your budget amount: this career is unlikely to provide you with enough money to pay for the kind of lifestyle you want to have. you may wish to eliminate it from your list of potential careers. what if all of your career interest pay less than you wish to earn? or if one career has all of the other qualities you desire in a job, except it does not pay as much as you want? In these cases you have a few options:
o reconsider your values: could be happy living in a different place, or with roommates for example? one important area to think about is your family. do you hope to share your life with a romantic partner (the wording tho)? if so, will this person earn money also? perhaps together you can afford a lifestyle you both want
o investigate the career further: is the salary you found a starting salary that can be expected to grow if you do well and stay in the field? Are there some ways of doing this job, or places to do it, that pay more than the others? if, for example, your dream is to be an organic farmer, but individual farmers earn very little money, could you work for a large organic farm company or teach organic farming at college, or own an organic gardening center?
o consider ways to add to your income: do you have sources of money available to you besides your main job? could you, for example, take a second job during the first few years of your career?
transferable skills
skills that you can use in more than one career
skill sets
groups of individual transferable skills in categories of related skills
types of transferable skills
-basic skills: some of the mos basic transferable skill sets are listed in this chart. notice that many of these are very similar to the interests and values you identified earlier
-academic skills: many of the things you are leaning through school will be transferable skills for you. if you are good at mathematical calculations, for example, you can use that skill in a variety of careers: stockbroker, accountant, banker, salesperson, and more
-job-specific skills- although job-specific skills are generally only useful on one job, there are some that can be transferred to more than one career. if you learn to weld at a ship-building company, for example, you may be able to use you welding skills in auto repair or even as a sculptor
questions to ask yourself
-have I found out all I can about this career at this point? if not, you may want to do some in-depth career research
-do i feel confident that I can find a fit for my skills interests, personality and values in this career field?
-does the job pay enough?
-is there something else I would be sorry I could not do if I commit to pursuing this job?
-does saying, "I want to be a [name of job]" make me feel good?
internal source
your knowledge, your values and you motivation
external sources
include your parents, family, friends, guidance councilors, teachers, employers, coaches, advisors, and print or online sources