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69 terms

Humanities Final

STUDY
PLAY
Mirandola's interpretation of why God created Adam is basically correct from a biblical perspective. Ture/False
False
Artists and philosophers during the Italian Renaissance understood clearly that one cannot be both a christian and a humanist at the the same time. True/false
False
Who described man as "the maker and molder of himself"
Mirandola
Humanism always begins with____and ends with___
Introspection/Projection
The renaissance can be defined as a great cultural movement that produced which of the following?
Artistic trasformation/Scientific Revolution
The greatest works of Renaissance art come from the period of the High Renaissance (1475 to 1525) True/False
True
We see numerous examples of portrait painting among the artists of the middle ages. True/False
False
Which Renaissance painter that we studied depicted himself looking like Christ?
Durer
The newness of classical themes was one of the things that attracted Renaissance painters. True/False
True
Which Renaissance artist that we studied painted a sweeping depiction of the great figures of classical civilization?
raphael
Railroad tracks illustrate the optical illusion known as linear perspective. true/false
True
which renaissance painter that we studied flattered his patrons by putting them in a biblical scene?
Botticelli
Atmospheric perspective demonstrates how the eye sees distant objects. true/false
True
In his sculpture of moses, Michaelangelo tried to capture the "dramatic moment" when Moses confronted Pharoh in Egypt. True/false
False
Shakespeare provides a good example of the emergence of the modern concept of the individual in the northern renaissance. true/false
true
The reformation was essentially a distinct movement with little connection to renaissance culture. true/false
False
Probably the most important figure of the reformation was John Wycliff. True/false
False
In Principle, martin luther did not object to the sale of indulgences by the catholic church. true/false
False
The cultural values of thrift, industry and hard work are directionly pelated to the protestant reformation. true/false
true
The renaissance in northern europe was more secular and humanistic than the renaissance in Italy. true/false
false
The concept of individuality emerges both in the northern renaissance and italian renaissance. true/false
true
martin luther was converted as he taught through the book of genesis. true/false
false
one of the key ideas of the reformation is summed up in the phrase. "sola scriptura" true/false
true
In england during the reformation, the break with the catholic church was motivated by political reasons. true/false
true
european culture in the 17th century is best charecterized by which phrase?
period of conflict
you try three oranges out of a bag of ten and all three are sour. you conclude therefore, that the rest of the oranges are sour.
inductive
the name of galileo is best associated with what period?
1550-1770
during the modern age, the new science has developed from a method of scientific inquiry into an entire philosophy of life. true/false
true
what doers the phrase"idols of the cave" refer to?
Individual biases
the word "empiricism" refers to knowledge gained from authority and tradition. true/false
false
the textbook suggests that the seventeenth-century is one of the easier centuries for us to understand and analyze. true/false
false
what does the phrase "idols of the marketplace" refer to?
ambiguities of language
which of the following is not associated with "the century of genius?"
Da vinci
The scientific revolution helped bring about a new way of looking at the world in purely material terms. true/false
true
Voltaire was a great french writer and intellectual who defended christianity against the attacks of skeptics and rationalists. true/false
false
voltaire's philosophy is expressed by his most famous quote "man is born free" true/false
false
The impact of the enlightenment was largely confined to european culture and had little impact on the developement of american culture. true/false
false
the terms "age of reason" and "neoclassical period" both refer to the culture of the 18th century. true/false
true
According to the textbook, which enlightenment figure had the greatest influence on how the institutions of modern western culture have developed?
roussau
The enlightenment philosophers believed that mandind was capable of social perfection. ture/ false
true
it was commonly believe by the 18th-century philosphers that tradition is the foundation of truth. true/false
false
Rousseau is best known for his theories on which subjects?
Politics, Education, Society
Modern political liberalism shares its underlying view of man with the philosophy of Jean-jacques Rousseau. true/false
true
the enlightenment philosophers had a high regard for the truth of religion. true/false
false
by the end of the nineteenth century, materialism, and secularism had produced a widespread pessimism about the future of western culture . true/false
false
realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement?
Romanticism
which of the following is most closely connected to the crystal palace?
the output of factories
which of the following is presented in chapter 23 as an important background to the emphasis on realism and material in nineteenth century culture?
industrialization
Jean-francois millet
Gustave Courbet
Darwin
Marx
Tolstey
Arnold
Flaubert
Dickens
The "columbian exchange"
The enourmous transfer of ideas and goods between old and new world. Crops and animals, pathogens, capitalist economics, slavery.
Mirandola's Oration
"Man is the maker and molder of himself" "Man is born free"
Ranaissance
Rebirth of greco-roman art, Individualism, rationalism, humanism.
17th century defined by
Conflict- military, political, religious, intellectual
The enlightenment
Human reason
Neoclassical period
Art, focused on order, symetry, classics
The age of reason
Culture
The enlightenment
philosophy
How "classical music" embodies and expresses the values of 18th century culture
Rational, order and balance
Three key beliefs of the enlightenment
1. Reason and Science is the foundation of truth
2. Man is naturally good
3. Man can comprehend and unify knowledge through reason
Materialism
No reality apart from the real world
Similar ways Marx and darwin expressed materialism
1. We are products of our environment
2. the belief in human progress
Key example of materialism in art
photography
key example of materialism in literature
dickens
key example of materialism in architecture
crystal palace, eiffel tower, brooklyn bridge, home insurance building
The idea of progress
The belief that history moves in the direction of contineous material developement and the bettering of the human condition
The end of western civilization
abandonement of core values, demographic changes in europe, victim of its success.