Semester Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (50)
People that research and write about events of the human past are known as?
What are archaeologists?
A person who studies human history
What are artifacts?
An item mad by a human, usually fro the past.
Animal and plants remains that have been preserved over time are known as?
During which era of history were the use of stone tools first used?
Anthropologists are scientists that?
They study humanity
How would you describe the lifestyle of of nomads?
They traveled from place to place.
The process of controlling a plant or animal for human purposes of food, work, or companionship is known as ?
What is specialization?
To specialize in something
What is bipedal?
To walk on two legs.
What is an ice age?
A glacial episode that happened in the past.
How are archaeologists and detectives similar?
They both find clues to find out about something.
What feature has made modern man so successful and easily adaptable to different situations and environments?
What were domesticated animals used for?
Food and livestock
What type of lifestyle did hunter gatherers lead?
What does the term agriculture mean?
Producing crops and raising livestock
Why is social hierarchy often described as pyramid shaped?
Your class would be determined by the role a person played.
During this time in history, what determined a person's class status?
The essential components of early civilizations?
What is culture?
The beliefs, behaviors, and knowledge passed on from one generation to another.
What is the purpose of religion?
The purpose is that there is hope in bad times.
Which rivers flooded regularly were the site of ancient civilizations?
The Nile River, Tigris River, and Euphrates River
What is the purpose of a writing system?
The purpose was that people could preserve information and ideas and save it for other people.
What led to interaction among people and spread of culture?
War and trade
What is cultural diffusion?
The spreading of culture
Where were the worlds first civilization built 5,000 years ago?
What two main rivers are located in Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
How did the agricultural revolution lead to the development of larger and more advanced cities?
Farms took up more space, which caused the cities to expand as people made more and more farms.
What is a pharaoh?
A ruler of ancient Egypt
What does polytheistic mean?
The belief in more than one god
What is fibrous water plant used by ancient Egyptians to create a material used to write on?
What is mummification?
It's when a corpse can be preserved.
What was the source of all life in ancient Egypt, which other wise would be barren desert?
The Nile River
What enriched the soil and improved yearly harvests?
The yearly flooding
How many gods and goddesses did ancient Egyptians worship?
Many different ones
What was the role of gods and goddesses?
To maintain peace and harmony
Who was responsible for creating laws, collecting taxes, and protecting Egypt from foreign invaders?
The Lord of the Two Lands
What is the greatest achievement of Menes?
He united the two kingdoms
Are the accounts of ancient historians always accurate?Why or why not?
They are usually conflicting
What is ancient Greece often called?
The Cradle of Western Civilization
Why was a large wooden horse used in Trojan War?
It was used to attack the city of Troy
How are vases from ancient Greece decorated?
They had artwork that told stories
What did each city state have?
Their own government laws
What is the difference between tyranny and a democracy?
In a tyranny the ruler is not chosen by the people
What allowed Sparta to become powerful and successful?
They had the finest warriors in ancient Greece
What is Athens known for?
For it's great artists, poets, and thinkers
What type of government did Athens have?
A democracy that was divided into the Boule and the Assembly
Who was the king of all gods?
What was the purpose of the Olympic games?
To honor Zeus
Who invented geometry?
Euclid and Pythagoras
What did gods and goddesses control?
Over aspects or life on earth