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44 terms

French Rev, Napoleon, and Congress of Vienna

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Bourgeoisie
middle class
deficit spending
spending more than income
estates
social classes
3rd estate
vast majority of population
nobles
lived well 1rst estate
clergy
1rst estate
louis xiv
14th left france in debt
louis xvi
indecisive hired necker who made most decisions
louis xviii
should have been king
tennis court oath
members of 3rd estate met and agreed never to split and met whenever
Bastille
prisons for politicians and prisoners
cahiers
notebooks called for return on fairer taxes freedom of the press
national assembly
3rd estate
emigre
flees country for political reasons
revolution
dramatic change in ideas practice and govt
liberty equality fraternity
slogan for french rev
feudalism
loosely organized system of govt
womens march of versaille
13 mile walk yelling bread
marie antoinette
austrian daughter of maria theresa brother of joseph ii lived good life
famine
hunger
national convention
radicals called for the election for a new legislative body
directory
organized list
constitution of 1791
set up limited monarchy
suffrage
right to vote
nationalism
love or pride for ones country
committee of public safety
12 members incharge of trials and execution
robespierre
shrew layer and politican quickly rose to leadership of commitee of public safety promoted religious tolerance and wanted to end slavery
reign of terror
robespierre sept 1793 to july 1794
guillotine
chopping heads off
napoleon bonaparte
popular military hero politicians planned to use him to advance their own goals but failed
coup d' etat
take over of govt
napoleonic code
embodied enlightenment principles such as the equality of all citizens before the law, religious toleration, and abolition of feudalism
consulate
building of the consul
guerrilla warfare
hit and run against the french
abdicate
step down from power
legitimacy
restoring hereditary monarchs
scorched earth
russian policy burnt down everything in sight past
congress of vienna
restore order such as equality of all citizens before law religious toleration abolition of feudalism
compensation
give or recieve money
balance of power
prevents ny one nation from being too strong
prince metternich
chancellor of austria hungary most powerful political figure
radical
favor extreme change
moderate
middle fair fine
liberalism
liberty and equality are most important