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AP Human Geography-Political Geography Chapters 7 and 8
From The Cultural Landscape by James Rubenstein
Terms in this set (37)
laws (no longer in effect in South Africa) that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
A small geographic area that could not successfully by organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood.
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogenous region.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
State that contains more than one ethnicity.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular slave trade
A practice, primarily during the 1800s, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
Balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory.
A sovereign state compromising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
A state with a long, narrow shape.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
A state that doesn't have a direct outlet to the sea.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
A state that completely surrounds another one.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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