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the majority of americans with diabetes have which type?


how many amino acids are considered essential


women need what percentage of essential fats for reproductive system related fat deposits


how many amino acids are there


a pound of fat has how many calories?

adding hydrogen atoms to unsaturated oil

how are trans fats produced?


what are the simultaneous changes that occur in the body to maintain homeostasis?

ballistic stretching

stretching with a jerking bouncing movement is known as what?


what is a non-cancerous tumor called?


what involves monitoring physical stress response

blood pressure

the pressure exerted on the wall of the blood vessels is known as


what incorporates height and weight to estimate weight classification

body composition

__________defined as the relative amounts of lean and fat tissue in the body

body fat

increased levels of ______ ___ put and individual at risk for diabetes

body fat percentage

from a health standpoint ______ ___ _________ is more important than body weight


what is the state of stress-induced physical and mental exhaustion called?


what is the second leading cause of death in the US?

cardiovascular disease

what is the leading cause of death in the united states?

coronary heart disease

what type of cardiovascular disease that causes most deaths?


what is the fastest growing chronic disease


what do simple carbohydrates provide?

essential fat

______________ is the minimal amount of fat needed for normal physiological function


(T or F) In order to lose weight, an individual should strive to achieve a positive caloric balance


as muscle temperatures increase so does ____________

Frequency, Intensity, time type

what are the components of the FITT formula

General adaptation syndrome

what describes how the body responds to stress when homeostasis is disrupted?

glycemic index

what measures the rate at which foods raise blood sugar levels?

HDL cholesterol

what removes plaque from the artery walls?

hodgkins and non-hodgkins

what are the two main types of lymphomas called?


hypokinetic disease are disesas caused by _________


the 6 dimensions of wellness are ____________


what does arthritis affect?

lean tissue is a better conductor than fat

bioelectrical impedance is based on the principle _____________________________________________


what disease is associated with low calcium intake?

overload principle

to train at a level that is greater than what your body is accustomed to is called __________

oxygen and nutrients

what does a malignant tumor need to grow?


where are complementary proteins found?


which women are at greatest risk for osteoporosis?

post traumatic stress disorder

what is an individual's response to stress in severe cases called?

precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination

what are the 6 stages of change?

progressive muscle relaxation

what is the stress management technique that identifies muscular tension and releases it one muscle group at a time

refined carbohydrates

what reduces your cells sensitivity to insulin?

release glucose

what is one of the primary functions of cortisol?

resistant to insulin

what does type2 diabetes do to your body?

rheumatoid arthritis

what causes the body's immune system to attack the joint?S


what is the biggest impediment to academic success?

systolic over diastolic

how is blood pressure represented?

training effect

a change in the body that occurs as a result of exercise training is known as the training effect


(T or F) Distress is negative stress


(T or F) it is realistic to anticipate that problems will occur when first starting an exercise program


skeletal muscles are under what control?

weakening the immune system

how does stress causes cancer


What is the optimal soundness of body and mind

white blood cells

leukemias cause an increase in what?

whole grains

overall most college students do not consume enough _____ _______

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