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what is the biggest impediment to academic success?


(T or F) Distress is negative stress

release glucose

what is one of the primary functions of cortisol?

General adaptation syndrome

what describes how the body responds to stress when homeostasis is disrupted?


what are the simultaneous changes that occur in the body to maintain homeostasis?

weakening the immune system

how does stress causes cancer

post traumatic stress disorder

what is an individual's response to stress in severe cases called?


what is the state of stress-induced physical and mental exhaustion called?

progressive muscle relaxation

what is the stress management technique that identifies muscular tension and releases it one muscle group at a time


what involves monitoring physical stress response


what is the second leading cause of death in the US?


what is a non-cancerous tumor called?

oxygen and nutrients

what does a malignant tumor need to grow?

hodgkins and non-hodgkins

what are the two main types of lymphomas called?

white blood cells

leukemias cause an increase in what?


what is the fastest growing chronic disease


the majority of americans with diabetes have which type?

refined carbohydrates

what reduces your cells sensitivity to insulin?

resistant to insulin

what does type2 diabetes do to your body?


which women are at greatest risk for osteoporosis?


what does arthritis affect?

rheumatoid arthritis

what causes the body's immune system to attack the joint?S

cardiovascular disease

what is the leading cause of death in the united states?

coronary heart disease

what type of cardiovascular disease that causes most deaths?

systolic over diastolic

how is blood pressure represented?

HDL cholesterol

what removes plaque from the artery walls?


how many amino acids are there


how many amino acids are considered essential


where are complementary proteins found?


what do simple carbohydrates provide?

glycemic index

what measures the rate at which foods raise blood sugar levels?

adding hydrogen atoms to unsaturated oil

how are trans fats produced?


what disease is associated with low calcium intake?


(T or F) In order to lose weight, an individual should strive to achieve a positive caloric balance


women need what percentage of essential fats for reproductive system related fat deposits

body composition

__________defined as the relative amounts of lean and fat tissue in the body

lean tissue is a better conductor than fat

bioelectrical impedance is based on the principle _____________________________________________

essential fat

______________ is the minimal amount of fat needed for normal physiological function


a pound of fat has how many calories?

ballistic stretching

stretching with a jerking bouncing movement is known as what?


skeletal muscles are under what control?

blood pressure

the pressure exerted on the wall of the blood vessels is known as

precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination

what are the 6 stages of change?

overload principle

to train at a level that is greater than what your body is accustomed to is called __________

training effect

a change in the body that occurs as a result of exercise training is known as the training effect

Frequency, Intensity, time type

what are the components of the FITT formula


What is the optimal soundness of body and mind


hypokinetic disease are disesas caused by _________


the 6 dimensions of wellness are ____________

body fat

increased levels of ______ ___ put and individual at risk for diabetes


(T or F) it is realistic to anticipate that problems will occur when first starting an exercise program


as muscle temperatures increase so does ____________

whole grains

overall most college students do not consume enough _____ _______


what incorporates height and weight to estimate weight classification

body fat percentage

from a health standpoint ______ ___ _________ is more important than body weight

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