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55 terms

wellness final

STUDY
PLAY
stress
what is the biggest impediment to academic success?
true
(T or F) Distress is negative stress
release glucose
what is one of the primary functions of cortisol?
General adaptation syndrome
what describes how the body responds to stress when homeostasis is disrupted?
allostasis
what are the simultaneous changes that occur in the body to maintain homeostasis?
weakening the immune system
how does stress causes cancer
post traumatic stress disorder
what is an individual's response to stress in severe cases called?
Burnout
what is the state of stress-induced physical and mental exhaustion called?
progressive muscle relaxation
what is the stress management technique that identifies muscular tension and releases it one muscle group at a time
biofeedback
what involves monitoring physical stress response
cancer
what is the second leading cause of death in the US?
benign
what is a non-cancerous tumor called?
oxygen and nutrients
what does a malignant tumor need to grow?
hodgkins and non-hodgkins
what are the two main types of lymphomas called?
white blood cells
leukemias cause an increase in what?
diabetes
what is the fastest growing chronic disease
2
the majority of americans with diabetes have which type?
refined carbohydrates
what reduces your cells sensitivity to insulin?
resistant to insulin
what does type2 diabetes do to your body?
post-menopausal
which women are at greatest risk for osteoporosis?
joints
what does arthritis affect?
rheumatoid arthritis
what causes the body's immune system to attack the joint?S
cardiovascular disease
what is the leading cause of death in the united states?
coronary heart disease
what type of cardiovascular disease that causes most deaths?
systolic over diastolic
how is blood pressure represented?
HDL cholesterol
what removes plaque from the artery walls?
20
how many amino acids are there
9
how many amino acids are considered essential
plants
where are complementary proteins found?
energy
what do simple carbohydrates provide?
glycemic index
what measures the rate at which foods raise blood sugar levels?
adding hydrogen atoms to unsaturated oil
how are trans fats produced?
osteoporosis
what disease is associated with low calcium intake?
false
(T or F) In order to lose weight, an individual should strive to achieve a positive caloric balance
12
women need what percentage of essential fats for reproductive system related fat deposits
body composition
__________defined as the relative amounts of lean and fat tissue in the body
lean tissue is a better conductor than fat
bioelectrical impedance is based on the principle _____________________________________________
essential fat
______________ is the minimal amount of fat needed for normal physiological function
3500
a pound of fat has how many calories?
ballistic stretching
stretching with a jerking bouncing movement is known as what?
voluntary
skeletal muscles are under what control?
blood pressure
the pressure exerted on the wall of the blood vessels is known as
precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination
what are the 6 stages of change?
overload principle
to train at a level that is greater than what your body is accustomed to is called __________
training effect
a change in the body that occurs as a result of exercise training is known as the training effect
Frequency, Intensity, time type
what are the components of the FITT formula
wellness
What is the optimal soundness of body and mind
inactivity
hypokinetic disease are disesas caused by _________
interconnected
the 6 dimensions of wellness are ____________
body fat
increased levels of ______ ___ put and individual at risk for diabetes
true
(T or F) it is realistic to anticipate that problems will occur when first starting an exercise program
flexibility
as muscle temperatures increase so does ____________
whole grains
overall most college students do not consume enough _____ _______
BMI
what incorporates height and weight to estimate weight classification
body fat percentage
from a health standpoint ______ ___ _________ is more important than body weight