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47 terms

HUMN 101 Final

STUDY
PLAY
Described man as the " maker and molder of himself"
Mirandola
Humanism always begins with_____ and ends with____
introspection/projection
The Renaissance can be defined as a great cultural movement that produced what?
artistic transformation/ scientific revolution
The Renaissance is described as the ____ of the modern age
portal
This Renaissance painter depicted himself looking like Christ
Durer
Which Renaissance artist that we studied painted a sweeping depiction of the great figures of classical civilization?
Raphael
This Renaissance painter flattered his patrons by putting them in a biblical scene
Botticelli
European culture in the 17th century in Europe is best characterized by...
period of conflict
What does the phrase "idols of the cave" refer to?
individual biases
The name Galileo is best associated with what period?
1550-1770
What does the phrase "idols of the marketplace" refer to?
ambiguities of language
Which Enlightenment figure had the greatest influence on how the institutions of modern western culture have developed?
Rousseau
Rousseau is best known for his theories on which subjects?
politics, education, society
realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement?
romanticism
What is an important background to the emphasis on "realism" and "materialism" in nineteenth- century culture?
industrialization
What is most closely connected to the Crystal Palace?
the output of factories
What word best describes the response of writers and artists to the aftermath of the Great War?
fragmentation
Which word best captures the mood of western culture at the dawning of the 20th century?
optimism
T/F Michelangelo's "The Birth of Adam" is part of the vast ceiling painting in the Sistine Chapel.
True
T/F Mirandola's interpretation of why God created Adam is basically correct from a biblical perspective
False
T/F Artists and philosophers during the Italian Renaissance understood clearly that one cannot be both a "Christian" and a "humanist" at the same time.
False
T/F The greatest works of Renaissance art come from the period of the High Renaissance (1475 to 1525)
True
T/F Atmospheric perspective demonstrates how the eye sees distant objects
True
T/F In his sculpture of Moses, Michelangelo tried to capture the "dramatic moment" when Moses confronted Pharaoh in Egypt
False
T/F The newness of classical themes was one of the things that attracted Renaissance painters.
True
T/F We see numerous examples of portrait painting among the artists of the Middle Ages
False
T/F Railroad tracks illustrate the optical illusion known as linear perspective
True
T/F The Reformation was essentially a distinct movement with little connection to Renaissance culture
False
T/F Martin Luther was converted as he taught through the Book of Genesis
False
T/F One of the key ideas of the Reformation is summed up in the phrase "sola scriptura"
True
T/F The Renaissance in northern Europe was more secular and humanistic that the Renaissance in Italy.
False
T/F The concept of individuality emerges both in the northern Renaissance and the Italian Renaissance
True
T/F Probably the most important figure of the Reformation was John Wycliffe
False
T/F In England during the Reformation, the break with the Catholic Church was motivated by political reasons
True
T/F Shakespeare provides a good example of the emergence of the modern concept of the individual in the northern Renaissance
True
T/F In principle, Martin Luther did not object to the sale of "indulgences" by the Catholic Church
False
T/F The cultural values of thrift, industry, and hard work are directly relate to the Protestant Reformation
True
T/F The Scientific Revolution helped bring about a new way of looking at the world in purely material terms
True
T/F You try three oranges out of a bag of ten and all three are sour. You conclude, therefore, that the rest of the oranges are also sour. You have just reasoned inductively.
True
T/F The textbook suggests that the seventeenth-century is one of the easier centuries for us to understand and analyze
False
T/F During the modern age, the "new science" has developed from a method of scientific inquiry into an entire philosophy of life
True
T/F The word "empiricism" refers to knowledge gained from authority and tradition
False
T/F Voltaire's philosophy is expressed by his most famous quote, namely that "Man is born free"
False
T/F Modern political liberalism shares its underlying view of man with the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
True
T/F The Enligtenment philosophers had a high regard for the truth of religion.
False
T/F The Enlightenment Philosophers believed that mankind was capable of social perfection
True
T/F Voltaire was a great Frence writer and intellectual who defended Christianity against the attacks of skeptics and rationalists
False