129 terms

THEA 3300 Final Exam

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Apron
Front of the stage in a proscenium
Arena
In the round, surround seating
Auditorium
Where the people sit
Backdrop
Painted scenery
Black Box
Empty space where seats can go anywhere
Cyclorama
Backdrop, Blank piece of canvas, Wraps
Downstage
Front of the stage
Environmental
One of the four stage configurations influenced by the space you're in, actors are performing throughout the crowd
Fourth wall
Audience
House curtain
Main curtain, Separates audience form the stage, Belongs to the theatre
Orchestra pit
Between the stage and audience
Orchestra
1st level of seating
Proscenium arch
Frames the stage
Rake
Back to front seating so people can see, Low in the front and high in the back
Sightlines
What the audience can see from their seats
3/4 Thrust
One of the 4 stage configurations, has audience on three sides
Vomitorium
The aisle actors enter from in a thrust or a round
Legs
Vertical scenery (hard)
Borders
Horizontal scenery (hard)
Line
A path traced by a moving point
Shape
A closed line, 2D
Form
3D shape
Actual lines
Line: Real lines
Implied lines
Line: Not an actual line but still forms one (ex. Stonehenge)
Contour lines
Line: Shape of something, outline, doesn't actually exist
Geometric lines
Line: Source of tension
Organic shape
Shape: Fluid, gentle, humor
Geometric shape
Shape: Structured
Implied shape
Shape: Creating a circle out of trapezoids
1. Linear 2. Isometric 3. Atmospheric
3 types of perspective
One-point linear perspective
Perspective: Implied horizon line and vanishing point
Two-point linear perspective
Perspective: 2 vanishing points
1. Line 2. Shape 3. Form 4. Space 5. Texture 6. Color
6 Elements of Design
Hue
Color itself, 308 degrees, color wheel
Saturation
How bright/ dim/ rich a color is, how much hue there is
Brightness or value
Adding white or black to a hue -> "tint"
Tint
Add white
Shade
Add black
Tone
Add gray
Complementary
Colors across from each other on the color wheel
Analogous
Colors right next to each other on the color whele
Split-complementary
Color: vibrant with less contrast
Additive mixing
White, mixing all colors of light
Subtractive mixing
Black, mixing all colors of paint/ pigment
1. Balance 2. Emphasis 3. Rhythm 4. Unity 5. Movement 6. Variety 7. Harmony 8. proportion
8 Principles of Design
Contrast
Balance: A distinct difference between elements of a form or composition
Asymmetrical
Balance: Large form is heavier than smaller forms, dark values are heavier than light values
Emphasis
An area or object within the artwork that draws attention and becomes the focal point
Subordination
Emphasis: Minimizing or toning down other compositional elements in order to bring attention to the focal point
Focal point
Emphasis: an area in the composition that has the most significance
Rhythm
A combination of elements repeated in various ways
Unity
Creates a sense of harmony and wholeness by using similar elements within the composition and placing them in a way that brings them all together
Variety
Adds interest by using contrasting elements within the composition
Repetition
Variety: Repeated object/ shape
Pattern
Variety: Combination of elements repeated in a recurring or regular arrangement
Scale
Movement: Size of object, everything compared to humans
Proportion
Movement: Relative size
1. Commitment 2. Analyze 3. Define (Research) 4. Ideate 5. Select 6. Implement 7. Analyze
Process of Creativity
Given Circumstances
Mechanical Scene Design: Where, when, economics
Movement
Mechanical Scene Design: Engage/ interact, Obstacle
Tempo
Aesthetic Scene Design
1. Color 2. Intensity 3. Movement 4. Frequency 5. Form 6. Direction 7. Luminousness 8. Diffusion
8 Controllable qualities of lighting
1. Selectivity 2. Visibility 3. Mood 4. Focus 5. Given circumstance 6. Composition 7. Style
7 Functions of lighting
scenographer
designs all the visual elements
-old school theatre had highly specialized designers for all areas, but scenographers do everything (more modern)
master carpenter
in charge of the scene shop
electric shop
houses lighting, sound, electric props
-run by master electrician
prop shop
where all the props live
What are 5 types of production organizations?
profit theatre (commercial)
non-profit theatre (service-based)
resident company
repertory company
stock company
service-based companies (non-profit)
usually grant-based, often for schools (teaching-based) or things like Shakespeare festivals
Repertory companies
produce multiple shows at the same time
-usually operas because the voices need a day in between shows
Stock company aka summer stock
concentrated production companies in popular vacation spots to cater to people on vacation
-multiple shows during a 15-week period
academic theatre
university theatres, mainly for getting experience
regional theatre
movement started in the 50's that aimed to establish quality theatre in cities that didn't have it
-in Atlanta we have the Alliance Theatre
community theatre
volunteer-based social activity theatre
the producer represents the needs & desires of who?
the partners
what does the production manager do in non-profit theatres?
office-type jobs of technical director
What are the 10 parts of the rehearsal process?
1. pre-production
2. production
3. technical rehearsals
4. dress rehearsals
5. final dress rehearsal
6. previews
7. opening night
8. run of show
9. brush ups
10. strike
what is the most common type of theatre?
proscenium theatre
-audience is seated on one side of a space looking into another side
-frames a picture that will become a play
-almost no crossover between the stage and audience areas
stage house
areas above and below the stage and the stage itself
-scenery is stored above in an area called flyloft
-area below is called the traparea
proscenium arch
area where the stage is, the divider between stage and audience
house
where the audience is
-also called auditorium
Apron
area in front of curtain that extends the stage past the proscenium arch
wings
open spaces to the left and right of the stage, out of sight from the audience
-used for storage
cyclorama (cyc)
a drape behind the stage, usually neutral colors to produce lighting effects
-seamless, large & very expensive
-often used for scenic backgrounds
Crossover
a pathway behind the cyc that allows actors to go from one side of the stage to another
-some crossovers are really hallways behind the back wall, but most are between the cyc and backwall
centerline
imaginary line that runs right through the center of the stage (vertical line)
-good way to measure things on stage or give easy stage directions
-measures side to side
Plaster line
imaginary line that is used to give directions about depth of the stage
-runs left to right
-these lines make it easy to make measurements on the stage
Main curtain
aka 'act curtain'
-the drape that separates that house from the stage
-also known as house curtain
Traveler curtain
term to describe when 2 curtains come together in the middle
Guillotine
term to describe when curtains come down from the top
-used if the theatre has a fly system
Leg
draperies on the wings, usually done in layers
-used so you can't see what's going on in the wings
-blocks view of items being stored
Masking
anything used to hide something being stored from the audience
-legs are examples of maskings
Borders
block view of things being stored above
-usually black to absorb light
-example of masking
4 types of theatres
1. Thrust (3/4 Arena or 3/4 Round)
2. Arena or in-the-round
3. Environmental
4. Proscenium
Thrust
also called 3/4 or 3/4 round
-intimate
-audience is on 3 sides
-actors need to play to all sides, can use smaller, less exaggerated movements
arena
also called in-the-round
-audience all the way around the stage
-very intimate
-almost no scenery
-floor treatment becomes very important
-can be any shape, but audience needs to be around on all sides
-has vaums: aisles for actors to walk through, one on each corner
Environmental
-intermixes the audience and actors
-actors might sit with you or talk to you
-no rules!!! audience interaction
Black box
a room that can really be any type of stage
-called "flexible space" because you have the ability to make varieties of stages
-can rearrange into different things depending on the show
-all black with lighting and grid
backstage
areas of the facility that are off-limits to the audience
-also means you are out of view to the audience
onstage
means you are in view of the audience
upstage
move toward the back wall, away from the audience
downstage
move toward the audience
stage left
while facing the audience, the left side of the actors
stage right
while facing the audience, the right side of the actors
onstage
move toward the centerline
offstage
move away from the centerline
entering
coming into view of the audience
-can be coming through part of a set or from backstage/wings
exiting
leaving view of the audience
cross
moving actors across the stage (width of the stage)
direct focus
making it obvious where the audience should look
-ways to establish focus
secondary focus
something that is not as important as the direct focus, but still there
-primary (direct) is the highest level of importance
open
relates to how much the actor is facing the audience
-how much of the audience can see the actor's face?
-more open to the audience= easier for them to hear you
closed
opposite of open
-having most of the actor's body facing away from the audience
prompt script
contains everything needed to know about the production
-for directors, etc
-includes script, blocking info, movements, etc
-keeps track of cues for tech people
critical sightline
worst seat in the theatre
-seat on the farthest edge of the auditorium
-can see backstage
Hemp fly system
pipe aka batten with hemp rope tied to it
-goes to the top of of the theatre to the grid (metal structure at top)
-series of pulleys at the top of the ropes
-another series of pulleys at the side of the theatre is attached to the ropes
-this is almost exactly the same way sailboats pull up sails
-oftentimes, sandbags act as counterweights against the ropes to help the rope down
pros of hemp fly system
-easy to modify for shows
-relatively cheap
-easy to install
-flexible, not limited to across stage
cons of hemp fly system
-lower load limits
-needs knowledgable operators
-higher maintenance
counterweight fly system
uses steel aircraft cables
-permanent
-carriage (called arbor) rides up and down on a series of track
-establishes a continuous loop
-uses weights instead of sandbags
-all rope that goes through this goes to "rope lock"
-usually there are about 1/ft of stage
pros of counterweight fly system
-heavier load ability
-easy to operate
-fairly permanent installation
cons of counterweight fly system
-expensive
-relatively inflexible
-runs usually limited to across width of stage
6 types of shifting mechanisms
1. drapes (traveler, guillotine, maskings)
2. platforms
3. wagons & pallets
4. slipstage (larger version of wagon0
5. turntables
6. traps/lifts
3 types of props
1. floor props
2. hand props
3. set dressing
atmospheric special effects
-smoke & haze
-fog (chiller units: ice & liquid nitrogen)
-dry ice fog machines
pyro special effects
-needs regulations & licensing
-flashpots: bursts of flame/lights
-propane
-nail board: a plank with a series of mails. run you charges to the nail board. by pressing nails together, you complete the circuit and shoot off things
what are 5 types of basic studio arrangements
1. scenic background
2. area staging
3. open sets
4. desk sets
5. box sets
what are 4 types of complex studio arrangements
1. composite settings
2. audience shows
3. two-tier staging
4. enclosed sets (wild walls & camera traps)
camera trap
a covered hole in the wall that can be used for cameras
4 types of neutral studio backgrounds
1. plain tone: basic single background (cyc/drape)
2. cameo: against blacks (focus in)
3. limbo: against whites (focus is out/infinite)
4. chroma key: electronic feed (green screen)