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psych exam 5 ch 14-16
Terms in this set (51)
atypical (deviant), disturbing (distressful), maladaptive (dysfunctional), and unjustifiable.
sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured
DSM IV: book of all psychological disorders 5 levels
level 1- neurosis &psychosis
level2- personality disorders
level3- physical problems
level4- social stressors
does not explain the causes of disorders, only treatments & symptoms
pro- provides a roadmap for treatment
con- labels and can create bias
Neurosis and its types
neurosis- class of functional medical disorders involving distress
depression, anxiety, somatoform, phobia, dissociative
dissociative and dissociative identity disorder (DID/MPD)
person becomes disconnected from his or her identity; amnesia
DID (MPD)- taking on two or more distinct personalities (alter-ego or other personality) comes about to protect the weaker personality
psychological problems that can turn physical; hypochondriasis (exaggerating symptoms), conversion disorder(loss of a sense due to stress), factitious disorder(creating something that doesnt exist but believing it does), malingering (creating something that doesnt exist for personal gain and knowing it)
highly stressed and anxious most of the time; panic disorder(at least two panic attacks in a month) OCD, PTSD( experiencing something out of the norm which causes excessive anxiety and flash backs ex: rape, military, child abuse)
depressions: dysthimia, major depression, bipolar disorder
dysthimia- ongoing mild-moderate depression for 2 years (one year in teens)
major depression- severe depression for for 2 weeks; includes suicidal thoughts
bipolar disorder- alternating highs and lows with extremes on each end
psychosis: delusional disorders
function fine in society but have delusions (irrational ideas and distorted perceptions of reality)
can't possibly occur
could possibly occur
loss of functioning
forgetting one's identity and travelling to a new location; take up new identity doesn't remember where they came from
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and behaviors. ex: laugh at a funeral
symptoms of schizophrenia: loose association, flat affect
loose association-connects but bizarre
flat affect-significantly dulled emotional tone or outward reaction
paranoid, disorganized, catatonic(repetitive behaviors), undifferentiated, residual(not experiencing)
causes of schizophrenia
dopamine overactivity in the brain; genetic
A planned, emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained socially sanctioned healer and a sufferer.
prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's nervous system or physiology
the use of a blend of approaches
Focuses on the subconscious; was one of the first famous therapies.
individual blocks anxiety laden material
Creating insight into subconsciously blocked material in order to make it conscious
The client experiences strong positive or negative feelings towards the therapist.
the therapist experiences strong positive or negative feelings towards the therapist.
therapy which is face to face and include the past and present
Treatments designed to help clients gain insight into their fundamental self-worth and value as human beings; therapy is a process of discovering our own unique potential; promotes growth rather than curing
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
(Form of counterconditioning) anxiety and relaxation cannot be compatible. Create a list of anxiety-provoking material and relax as list is imagined
Relaxing and imagining high anxiety situations
Being placed in high anxiety situations in real life.
Assumes that our thinking colors our emotions. Sees self-blame as integral parts of depression.
Cognitive Therapy is the most effective therapy for depression, but combined with medication, it is generally the most effective treatment.
Regression toward the mean
The tendency for unusual events or emotions to return towards their average state
psychologist vs. psychiatrists
pyschologists- focus on relationships, individual's well being and on testing
psychiatrists- MD's who prescribe medications
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder
drugs used to treat depression and some anxiety disorders
Explaining one's behavior by disposition (personality) or situation.
fundamental attribution theory
The tendency to underestimate situation and overestimate disposition(personality)
The tendency for people who agree with a small action to comply with a larger one.
In order to reduce discomfort, we bring our attitudes in line with our actions
The phenomenon of stronger performance in the presence of others
The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts towards a common goal
when an individual seems to lose himself or herself in the group's identity
tendency of group members to move to an extreme position after discussing an issue as a group
a situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior
mere exposure effect
The phenomenon that repeated exposure to new stimuli increases the chances of liking it.
Social Exchange Theory
the theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs
Social Responsibility Norm
Expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them.
Shared goals that override differences among people and require cooperation
A strategy designed to decrease international tensions.
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