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US History Final
Terms in this set (64)
1. List some of the advantages of westward expansion for the United States.
solved overcrowding, encouraged immigration, economic gain
2. The belief that God intended the U.S. to expand westward to the Pacific Ocean was known as what?
3. What was the relationship between the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad and the Plains Indians?
took away some of their land and killed their food supply
4. What were some of the reasons for the increased settlement of the West?
better opportunities, religious, economic, and political freedom
5. What was the relationship between cattle drives and the development of cities in the West?
when the railroad was finished it allowed people to move cattle different places to sell for food
6. What was the Dawes General Allotment Act? What impacts did it have on Native Americans?
allowed the president to survey their land to create different allotments for them
7. How did the U.S. government attempt to assimilate American Indians into white culture?
taught them Christianity and sent them to boarding schools
8. What is the Bessemer process?
a steel making process
9. What is the difference between a monopoly and a trust?
A monopoly is the control of the supply or trade in a service and a trust is a large business with significant market power
10. What is Laissez-faire capitalism?
the separation of economy and state
11. What is Social Darwinism?
belief that only the fittest survive
12. Describe working and living conditions for most workers in the late 1800s.
long hours, low pays, no breaks
13. Why did the Sherman Antitrust Act fail?
the government did not encourage it
14. What caused urban (cities) areas to grow from 1865 to 1900?
land was becoming more expensive
15. Explain problems that developed in urban neighborhoods due to Industrialization.
16. Define at least three push factors that motivated immigration to the United States from 1865 to 1920.
economic, political, and religious factors, avoiding war
17. Explain where and describe who went through the two main Immigration Stations (Ellis Island and Angel Island).
San Francisco immigrants
18. Describe the Populist movement.
revolt by farmers in the south and Midwest
19. Progressives sought to do what? What did they want to change?
eliminating corruption in government
20. Explain how and why did the Pure Food and Drug Act got passed?
made sure no bad things were being put into the food being sold
21. Define and describe Susan B. Anthony and her influence on the passage of the 19th Amendment.
fought for women's right to vote, a suffragette
22. List the progressive era amendments to the US Constitution (16-19) and explain each.
16: gave congress the power to tax income
17: direct election of senators by the voters
18: prohibited manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcohol
19: extended the right to vote to women
23. What were referendums, initiatives, and the recall designed to do?
the 3 powers
24. Who was W.E.B. Du Bois?
founder or NAACP
25. What were some of the outcomes of the Spanish-American War?
the united states won and gained the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
26. What caused the U.S. to become an imperial power?
Spanish American war, agriculture
27. Why was President Theodore Roosevelt (Roosevelt Corollary) willing to support the Monroe Doctrine?
The Roosevelt Corollary
28. How did the swamp conditions within Panama create problems with building the Panama Canal?
Diseases like Malaria and Yellow Fever killed many of the workers
29. What were the four underlining causes of WWI - M.A.I.N. causes?
30. Who were the Allied Powers in 1914?
Great Britain, France, United States, and Italy
31. Who were the Central Powers in 1914?
Austria-Hungry, German Empire, Ottoman Empire, Kingdom of Bulgaria
32. What was trench warfare?
a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other
33. Explain the various events that led to US involvement in WWI?
34. How was the U.S. contributing to the Allies before entering WWI?
they sent them supplies
35. Explain why in 1917 President Wilson supported U.S. involvement in WWI.
the Zimmerman telegram and they sank our ships
36. Explain Wilson's 14 Points and the Treaty of Versailles.
The 14 points was a statement of principles of world peace that was used for peace negotiations in order to end WW1.
The treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of WW1
37. Explain the War-Guilt Clause.
opening article of the reparations section of the treaty of Versailles
38. The rejection of the Treaty of Versailles reflected a return to what American foreign policy?
39. What was the Harding administration's view on big business?
less government in business unless they are helping them
40. Why did African Americans move north?
they wanted to get away from the segregation and racial discrimination of the south
41. What did the Ku Klux Klan do?
kidnapped and beat the african americans in the south
42. What did the 18th Amendment do?
prohibited manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcohol
43. What did the assembly line lead to?
helped manufacture more products faster
44. List some effects of the Red Scare.
people lived in fear of the communists
45. Which movement originated among African American musicians of the south?
Jazz, harlem renaissance
46. Define Nativism.
favored the natives
47. Explain the connection between the strong feeling of individuality and fashion of the flapper.
exercised new freedoms like dressing and acting differently
48. What was the purpose of the New Deal?
to help the US economy during the Great Depression through banking
49. Where did the Dust Bowl occur and what were its affects?
the Great Plains, it buried farm land in dust so people could not farm
50. What were the causes of the Great Depression?
banks failed during the months following the stock market crash
51. How were individuals in cities affected by the Great Depression?
they lost jobs, couldn't pay rent, couldn't pay for food
52. How were farmers affected by the Great Depression?
people lost money, so they did not have anyone to sell their crops to
53. What is the FDIC and what did it do?
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and it made sure that peoples money was safe in the back
54. What is the Social Security Act and what does it do?
gave money to the retired
55. What is the WPA and what does it do?
Works Progress Administration employed the unemployed to carry out public work
56. How do the above New Deal policies give the federal government more power than the
people looked for leadership and so they turned to the federal government
57. Who did Hitler blame for Germany's woes & how did he violate the Treaty of Versailles?
He blamed the jews and he sent troops into the Rhineland demilitarized zone
58. What did the Lend Lease Act do?
provided military aid during ww2
59. Where did Japan attack the United States and how many Americans perished?
Pear Harbor and 2,403 Americans died
60. What is appeasement? What did this allow Hitler to do?
granting German demands to avoid war, allowed Hitler to threaten Czechoslovakia
61. What is the Holocaust?
millions of Jews died because of the Nazis
62. After the attack on Pearl Harbor discrimination against Asian American increased, what was
internment or Executive Order 9066?
sent the Japanese to interment camps because people were scared of them
63. How did Executive Order 9066 (Japanese Internment) violate the Constitution?
violated their rights
64. What types of jobs did women & minorities take during WWII?
factory workers, nurses, engineers
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