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Special Ed Final
Terms in this set (57)
Preschool Developmental Delayed
If a child is about 5 years old and they have some characteristics of autism, they might qualify for a
prevents spina bifida
Why should women who are pregnant take folic acid?
What is a vision condition that may cause you to lose sight in the middle of your vision field?
difficulty focusing/ paying attention
more females are likely to be diagnosed
What are some characteristics of ADHD
can't seem to stay still
more males are diagnosed
What are some of the characteristics of ADHD?
often have a flat effect ( not good with people and emotions)
no social skills
What are some of the characteristics of Autism?
highest functioning type of autism
type of therapy that teaches student one skill at a time, could be very simple.
type of therapy that shows pictures to students ; communication boards
type of therapy for students that uses dynamic models
one side of the ear can hear better/worse than the other
What is asymmetrical hearing loss?
both ears hear the same
What is symmetrical hearing loss?
What is another name for the mallcus in the ear?
What is another name for the Anvil?
stirrup, anvil, hammer
What are the parts of the middle ear?
device used by the teacher so the students will be able to hear them better
all around the room
straight from the teacher to the student
What is an auditory trainer?
Who tests hearing?
blind and deaf from a young age
well-known advocate for people who were deaf and blind
Founded many schools for the deaf and Blind
Came up with the Braille system
What is OH?
condition where the person has poor muscle control, can't move certain limbs of their body
What is cerebral palsy?
paralysis restricted to one limb
paralysis restricted to two limbs
paralysis restricted to half of the limbs
paralysis restricted to three limbs
paralysis of all limbs
muscles will tense up and the can't control them
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
more physical than occupational
Spina Bifida therapy includes
fine motor skills
Occupational therapy works with
gross motor skills
Physical Therapy works with
Other Health Impairments
Two or more grade levels below
504 plan= student has medical problem, but is not two or more grade levels below
What is OHI and what are the requirements?
Don't put anything in their mouth
Do not crowd them
Put a small cloth behind their head
Knell down beside them and roll them on their side
What should you not do when a student is having a seizure and what do you do?
when a person can eventually become blind
What is macular degeneration
surgery is available
has problems with seeing far away
too much fluid in the eyeball
film over the eye- sometimes doesn't cover the entire eye
could be affected by head injury
carries messages to the brain
protects the eye
helps visually impaired blind students in school and class
Orientation and Mobility Specialist
test given to see if a child is able to be in a gifted classroom
came up with the multiple intelligences
Criticized because people believed he didn't have enough categories
works easily with others
concussions, sport accidents, falling, ice-skating
people with special needs may be able to use different types of technology to help them in classrooms
Technology for special needs
type of autism therapy where you provide awards
what is the ratio that is considered to name a person legally blind
know what causes epilepsy
does not know what causes epilepsy
think primarily in words
have a good sense of time
step by step learners
follow oral directions
Auditory Sequential Learners
think primarily in pictures
relate to space; not time
whole concept learners
read maps well
have unique study methods
Visual Spatial Leaners
encourage students to be active in reading
activates students with prior knowledge 'teaches students to monitor understanding and text
helps strengthen reading/critical thinking skills
1. listen to teacher explain steps
2. Copy the sample problems from the board in the order as completed by the teacher
3. Memorize the steps used to complete the sample problems
4. For any new problems, plug in the new numerals and follow the memorized steps.
5. Show all work y writing out the steps completed in a linear display
Explain 5 steps that are recommended....
most won't recognize that they are having one
Petite Mal Seizure
person has not control over their body
Grand Mal Seizure
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