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If disordered eating becomes sustained, distressing, starts to interfere with everyday activities, and linked to physiological changes it may require what?
what can lead to disordered eating?
-linked to personal emotions
-source of comfort
-release of neurotransmitters and natural opioids, endorphins (causes opposite of enjoying food)
-food used as a reward or bribe
Genetics accounts for an estimated_____% to_____% of the overall risk for developing an eating disorder.
50 to 83
identical twins are more likely to share _______ than Fraternal twins
eating disorders are Stereotypically_____________, but it is changing.
The ratio between women and men for anorexia and bulimia is what?
Eating disorders typically develop during what ages?
adolescence or young adulthood.
Eating disorders co-occurs with____________disorders.
What is Anorexic Nervosa?
-severely restricted energy intake relative to requirements
-intense fears of gaining weight or becoming obese
-have very distorted body image
warning signs of anorexia
competitive and often obsessive
-abusive experiences, break ups, stress at home
-abnormal, rigid eating habits
-eating very little food (300-600kcal/day)
-hiding and storing food
-exercising compulsively, compensatory behavior
-critical of self and others
do ppl that have anorexia prepare meals for others, but don't eat
when people are withdrawing from friends and family or have sleep disturbances or depression they have what kind of eating disorder?
physical Effects of Anorexia
-"skin and bone" appearance
-lowered body temperature
-iron deficiency anemia and other nutrient deficiencies
-rough, dry, scaly, cold skin
-low WBC count, potassium
-loss of hair
-changes in brain size, blood flow to brain
-loss of teeth
-muscle tears, stress fracture
____% of anorexics will eventually die from disease, suicide, heart ailments, and infections.
anorexia causes slowed ________ metabolism, decreased heart rate
recovery rates for anorexia are _____% to____% for short-term therapy, ___% to ___% with 8 years of follow-up.
20% to 30%, 70% to 80%
First goal to _________is to gain the person's cooperation and trust
In nutrition therapy you want to increase food intake to raise _____ metabolism
what is bulimia nervosa?
recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by some type of compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain.
people with bulimic behaviors are usually________ diagnosed
what common behavior of bulimic nervosa causes vomiting and taking laxatives to avoid weight gain?
Binge-purge cycle is triggered by what?
it is estimated that 4% of college-aged__________ have bulimia nervosa
10% of bulimia nervosa cases are __________.
people that have bulimia nervosa still absorb 33% to 75% of _______ after vomiting and 90% are absorbed when laxatives are used.
Bulimia can cause weight________ and weight_______.
bulimia leads to guilt, ___________, and low self-esteem
bulimia causes_______ of teeth
treatment of bulimia nervosa change "____________" attitude about food
morality rate for patients with ___________ __________is estimated around 0.4% and _____% recover completely.
bulimia nervosa, 50%
about 70% of _______-______ are obese, reflect comorbid conditions of obesity
Binge-eating causes ____________ from excess body weight and high sodium intake
_______ is were people eat nonnutritive, non food substances over a period of at least 1 month. It includes eating clay, dirt, ice, chalk, or even wood.
What is an uncommon anorexia nervosa?
subthreshold eating disorders
_________________ eating disorder meets most of the criteria for diagnosis of anorexia nervosa but whose weight is still within a normal range.
during subthreshold eating disorders, bulimia nervosa or binge-eating-disorder episodes occuring less than______per week
what is Pure Eating Disorder?
repeatedly purge to promote weight loss even in absence of binge eating.
what is Night Eating Syndrome? ( 2 answers)
-you don't feel hungry in the morning and you need yo eat to fall asleep.
-walking at night to eat
what are some caused of night eating disorders?
-eating produces feelings of guilt and shame
-depressed, especially at night
initially called "reverse anorexia"?
T/F: Muscle Dysmorphia may cross over to other forms of eating disorders.
Muscle dysmorphia causes men and some women to see themselves as too_______.
________is related to obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD)
up to _____% of college students are at risk of developing an eating disorder
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