BJU World History Chapter 20
Flashcards for chapter 20 of Bob Jones University's 10th grade history book.
Terms in this set (57)
Jean Henri Dunant
Frenchman who founded Red Cross
Swedish chemist who established the Nobel Peace Prize; invented Dynamite.
American steel manufacturer who donated funds to build the Peace Palace at The Hague.
Unbridled nationalism, which caused people to desire war.
The system of alliances that Bismarck created to keep Germany safe from French attack.
Three Emperors' League (1873)
Bismarck alliance with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.
Dual Alliance (1879)
alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary
Triple Alliance (1882)
Brought Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy together in an anti-French coalition.
Reinsurance Treaty (1887)
Germany's secret alliance with Russia
kaiser (emperor) of Germany; represented the domination of Bismarck in German affairs.
Entente Cordiale (1904)
A "friendly understanding" between Britain and France.
Alliance between Britain, France, and Russia.
Francis Ferdinand / June 28, 1914
Archduke who was assassinated while visiting Sarajevo, Bosnia; death sparked World War I.
A list of demands with threats sent to Austria by Serbia.
July 28, 1914
Austria declares war on Serbia
To make ready
Germany declares war on Russia
Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary at the beginning of WWI.
German plan to put most of their forces in the west and attack France first because they thought it would take Russia longer to organize war.
Paul von Hindenburg
Under this General's leadership, the German armies defeated the Russians.
situation where both sides are at a standstill
war in which both sides try to wear each other down gradually.
Long, slender airships similar to modern blimps.
British ship sunk by German U-boats
Deeply affected the civilian population.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
The sinking of all ships, even if they are unarmed, that carried supplies to the allies.
This Czar abdicated on March 15, 1917
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918)
effectively took Russia out of the war and gave Lenin time to consolidate his power.
US president who declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917
John J. "Black Jack" Pershing
General who led the the American Expeditionary Force and provided the necessary edge to defeat the Germans
General of the Allies which stopped the German advance.
A temporary cessation of fighting.
November 11, 1918
On this date, German and Allied officials met in a railroad car in the Compiegne Forest in France and signed the armistice ending World War I.
Paris Peace Conference (January 1919)
Seventy-two delegates representing 32 nations met to negotiate the peace settlement for World War I.
French representative at the Paris Peace Conference. "Old Tiger."
David Lloyd George
This British prime minister and representative
This Italian prime minister and representative at the Paris Peace Conference.
the "Big Four"
Clemenceau (France), Lloyd George (Britain), Orlando (Italy), and Wilson (USA)
Wilson's moderate settlement which would not seek revenge upon the defeated powers.
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
The treaty between the Allies and Germany that ended war between them.
Payment for war damages.
no armies could be in a area at any time.
War Guilt Clause
This placed the entire blame for the war upon Germany and her allies.
Treaty of St. Germain
Austria signed this in which she turned over territory to Italy, recognized the independence of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Yugoslavia, and limited her army
Political unification. Included in Treaty of St. Germain.
Treaty of Severes
This dismantled the Ottoman Empire.
Territories technically under the control of the League of Nations but administered by various Allied countries.
League of Nations
An international organization in which nations could discuss their differences instead of fighting about them. Established in 1920.
American banker who lent Germany money for reparation debts
American lawyer that reduced the amount of reparations and gave Germany until 1988 to complete her payments.
suspension of debts
debts of France and Britain which failed to be repayed
Germany signed agreement about borders with France and Belgium ;gave Europeans a false sense of security for several years.
The elimination of weapons or arms.
Washington Naval Conference
Britain, USA, Japan, and others agreed to limit the number of warships each could build.
This document sought to unite "the civilized nations of the world in a common renunciation of war as an instrument of their national policy."