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Music Survey

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Classical style flourished in music during the years of...
1750-1820
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life...
serving as a wealthy aristocratic family
short musical ideals or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called:
motives
each successive variation in "Theme and Variations" form:
is usually in a new key
the "Minuet" first appeared around 1650...
as a dance at the court of Louis XIV of France
a typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is...
fast, slow, fast
the classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ____ movement.
Minuet or Scherzo
In the first movement and sometimes in the last movement of a classical concerto there is a special unaccompanied showpiece for the soloist, also called the...
cadenza
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music...
is performed by one player on each part
the usual sequence of movements in a classical string quartet is:
fast, slow, dancelike, fast
Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104 _____
symphonies
the musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the _____ and _____ musical eras.
Classical, Romantic
the "coda" or ending is...
often expanded and serves to develop melodic themes further
(TF) composers in the classical period tended to continue to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.
False
(TF) The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during the classical period.
True
(TF) Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the artistrocracy and the church to the middle class.
True
Joseph Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered and equal by his employer.
False
(TF) In the classical period, serious compositions were flavored by folk and popular music.
True
(TF) The third movement of Haydn's "Surprise Symphony" is in "theme and variations" form
False
(TF) In most classical symphonies, each movement is a self-contained composition with it's own set of melodies.
True
(TF) The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.
False
Haydn's position at Esterhaz Palace was that of a highly skilled servant.
True
Music can be defined as
An art based on the organization of sounds in time
the four main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics, tone color, and _____.
duration
in general, the smaller the the vibrating element, the ___ its pitch.
higher
if a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at _______.
440 cycles
a gradual decrease in loudness is known as a:
diminuendo
register refers to...
part of an instrument's total range
the organization of beats into regular groupings is called...
meter
western music uses _____ letters of the alphabet to indicate pitch:
the first seven
a melody may be defined as:
a series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole
a progression is...
a series of chords
consonance
considered stable and restful
dissonance
considered unstable and tense
monophonic texture
a single melodic line without accompaniment
polyphonic texture
two or more melodies of relatively equal interests performed simultaneously
homophonic texture
one main melody accompanied by chords
When some features of a musical idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as:
variation
A musical statement followed by a contrasting statement and then a return of the original statement would be called:
ternary form
the two giants or baroque composition were George Fredrick Handel and:
Johann Sebastian Bach
The Baroque style flourished in music during the period:
1600-1750
Affections in Baroque usage refers to:
emotional states or moods of music
the position of the composer during the baroque period was that of:
a high-class servant with few personal rights
to get a job, a musician had to:
pass a difficult examination
the large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the
orchestra
the first and last movements of the concerto gtosso are often in ____ form.
ritornello
the text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called:
libretto
an _____ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic musical work.
overture
the earliest opera that has been preserved in Jacob Peri's:
Euridice
The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone without the price of admission opened in 1637 in...
Venice
the stage machinery of Baroque opera:
border on the colossal
a song for solo voice in an opera with orchestral accompaniment is called:
aria
speechlike melody accompanied only be a basso continuo is called:
secco reciative
Oratorios were based on
stories from the bible
oratorio differs from opera in that it has no
acting, scenery, or costumes
the sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for:
one to eight instruments
baroque trio sonatas usually involve ____ performers
four
Baroque suites frequently begin with a:
French Overture
in Bach's day, the Lutheran church service lasted about _____ hours.
four
Bach created masterpieces in every Baroque form except the
Opera
Handel spent the major portion of his life in:
England
Program music is:
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, odea, or scene
The orchestra in the romantic period:
was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra
the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as:
rubato
an art song is a musical composition for:
solo voice and piano
the word _______ is commonly used for a Romantic Art Song with a German text
lied
when the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem the form is known as:
strophic
when a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem the form is known as:
through-composed
Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing "Polonaises" and ______
mazurkas
a study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as...
etude
Program music found its most varied expression in coloristic resources of the...
Romantic orchestra
Absolute music is also known as
non-program music
the writer whose works had the greatest impact upon the young Berloiz was:
William Shakespeare
During the 1840's, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
pianist
Tchaikovsky:
Began to study music theory at the age of twenty-nine