37 terms

WH Chapter 7 S1,2,&3 Vocabulary

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Plateau
A relatively high, flat land area.
Savanna
Broad grassland dotted with small trees and shrubs.
Sahara
Largest desert on earth that stretches from the atlantic ocean to the indian ocean.
Great Rift Valley
Where mountains loom over deep canyons.
Congo River
Farther to the south was the Congo basin, with it's dense vegetation watered by this river.
Kalahari Desert
One of the large deserts in the south.
Nubia
But 2000 BC a busy trade had arisen between Egypt and the area to the south known as this.
Kushites
Who are still using bronze and stone weapons were overwhelmed by the Assyrians, who were armed with iron spears and swords.
Ethipoia
In this location Axum was founded by Arabs and combined with Arab and African cultures.
King Ezana
The Axumite ruler, invaded and conquered Kush.
Subsistence farming
The practice of growing just enough crops for personal use, not for sale.
Swahili
A Mixed African-Arabic culture that developed along the East Coast of Africa; also the major language used in that area, combining Bantu with Arabic words and phrases.
Stateless society
A group of independent villages organized into clans and led by a local ruler or clan head without any central government.
Ghana
The first great trading state in west Africa, emerged as early as 500 AD.
Berbers
Nomadic peoples whose camel caravans became known as the "fleets of the desert."
Sundiata keita
Established Mali, in the mid-13th century.
Mali
The greatest trading state established in mid 13th century.
Timbuktu
The famous trading city, present-day Tombouctou.
Mansa Musa
One of the richest and most powerful kings, Who ruled from 1312 to 1337.
Sunni Ali
created a new dynasty-the Sunni- in 1464, Songhai began to expand.
Muhammad Ture
This Songhai empire reached the height of its power during his reign.
Bantu
Family of languages that began to move from the Niger river region into East Africa.
Mogadishu
The result was the formation of a string of trading ports that included this and Mombasa.
Kilwa
South trading port
Ibn Battuta
Arab traveler, Who lived in the 14th century, was among those who visited the cities of Kilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombasa.
Zimbabwe
From about 1300 to about 1450, this was the wealthiest and most powerful state in the trade and communities on the eastern coast of Africa.
Lineage group
Larger community made up of extended family units.
Matrilineal
Societies in which descent is traced through the mother, rather than the father.
Patrilineal
Societies in which descent is traced through the father , rather than the mother.
Diviner
A person who believes they have the ability to foretell events, usually by working with supernatural forces.
Griot
Storyteller it orally passed along African history.
Yoruba
People who believe that their chief God sent his son, Oduduwa down from heaven and a canoe to create the first humans.
Nigeria
Home of the Yorubas.
Ashanti
People of Ghana who believe in a supreme being called, Nyame, who's signs were lesser gods.
Ife
The capital of the Yoruba peoples.
Benin
The Ife sculptors may have influenced artists in this place in west Africa, Who produced equally impressive works in bronze during the same period.
Mombasa
The result was the formation of a string of trading ports that included this and Mogadishu.