WH Chapter 7 S1,2,&3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (...)
A relatively high, flat land area.
Broad grassland dotted with small trees and shrubs.
Largest desert on earth that stretches from the atlantic ocean to the indian ocean.
Great Rift Valley
Where mountains loom over deep canyons.
Farther to the south was the Congo basin, with it's dense vegetation watered by this river.
One of the large deserts in the south.
But 2000 BC a busy trade had arisen between Egypt and the area to the south known as this.
Who are still using bronze and stone weapons were overwhelmed by the Assyrians, who were armed with iron spears and swords.
In this location Axum was founded by Arabs and combined with Arab and African cultures.
The Axumite ruler, invaded and conquered Kush.
The practice of growing just enough crops for personal use, not for sale.
A Mixed African-Arabic culture that developed along the East Coast of Africa; also the major language used in that area, combining Bantu with Arabic words and phrases.
A group of independent villages organized into clans and led by a local ruler or clan head without any central government.
The first great trading state in west Africa, emerged as early as 500 AD.
Nomadic peoples whose camel caravans became known as the "fleets of the desert."
Established Mali, in the mid-13th century.
The greatest trading state established in mid 13th century.
The famous trading city, present-day Tombouctou.
One of the richest and most powerful kings, Who ruled from 1312 to 1337.
created a new dynasty-the Sunni- in 1464, Songhai began to expand.
This Songhai empire reached the height of its power during his reign.
Family of languages that began to move from the Niger river region into East Africa.
The result was the formation of a string of trading ports that included this and Mombasa.
South trading port
Arab traveler, Who lived in the 14th century, was among those who visited the cities of Kilwa, Mogadishu, and Mombasa.
From about 1300 to about 1450, this was the wealthiest and most powerful state in the trade and communities on the eastern coast of Africa.
Larger community made up of extended family units.
Societies in which descent is traced through the mother, rather than the father.
Societies in which descent is traced through the father , rather than the mother.
A person who believes they have the ability to foretell events, usually by working with supernatural forces.
Storyteller it orally passed along African history.
People who believe that their chief God sent his son, Oduduwa down from heaven and a canoe to create the first humans.
Home of the Yorubas.
People of Ghana who believe in a supreme being called, Nyame, who's signs were lesser gods.
The capital of the Yoruba peoples.
The Ife sculptors may have influenced artists in this place in west Africa, Who produced equally impressive works in bronze during the same period.
The result was the formation of a string of trading ports that included this and Mogadishu.
Chapter 7 1-3 Hannah Rose
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