82 terms

BIO 163 Final exam Review part 2 Jeopardy game

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Terms in this set (...)

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The study of body structure.
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The study of how the kidneys filter blood to produce urine.
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The condition of a stable internal environment. *
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A plane that would separate the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities.
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A plane that would separate the two lungs.
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The location of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.
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A type of bond where one atom gains an electron while another atom loses an electron.
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A substance with a pH of 6.7.
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A compound made of many amino acids linked by peptide bonds.
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The building blocks of glycogen.
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The organelles responsible for making the cell's energy.
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A type of passive transport in which substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
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The phase of mitosis where the chromatids split and move towards opposite ends of the cell.
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The type of metabolism used when food is digested.
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The step in protein synthesis where cellular DNA is copied into mRNA.
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An epithelial tissue with 1 layer of flattened cells.
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A connective tissue packed with collagen and found in a tendon.
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The only voluntary muscle tissue.
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An involuntary muscle tissue containing intercalated discs.
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The cells in nervous tissue that generate action potentials.
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The layer of the epidermis with cells undergoing mitosis.
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The type of sweat gland located in the armpits that becomes active at puberty.
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The pigment responsible for protecting skin cells from damaging UV light.
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The layer of the epidermis where melanocytes are found.
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The response of blood vessels when body temperature drops below the set point.
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These are arranged in a bilayer making up the cell membrane.
What are PHOSPHOLIPIDS?
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Small chambers in compact bone that hold the osteocytes.
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These are bone-forming cells.
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These are cells that break down
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The calcified extracellular matrix of bone tissue.
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Blood vessels and nerve fibers t ravel through these in bone tissue.
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Bones that form from membrane-like layers of connective tissues.
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These filaments found in myofibrils have heads called cross-bridges.
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The neurotransmitter released at a neuromuscular junction.
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The gap between neuron and muscle cell that the neurotransmitter crosses at a neuromuscular junction.
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Threadlike bundles found in skeletal muscle fibers (cells).
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The point where the biceps brachii attaches to the radius (movable end).
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The part of the brain that maintains posture and coordinates skeletal muscle movements.
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The event that occurs when sodium diffuses into the neuron, making the membrane potential more positive.
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The event that occurs when potassium diffuses out of the neuron, bringing the membrane potential back to resting.
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The branch of the ANS that is considered "adrenergic".
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The photoreceptors in the retina.
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The main mechanism through which hormone levels are controlled.
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The endocrine gland that secretes insulin.
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The gland that secretes LH (luteinizing hormone) and the target of LH in the female's body.
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The hormone that raises the blood calcium level.
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I've skipped breakfast and lunch, so my pancreas is releasing large amounts of this hormone.
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Formed elements that are shaped like biconcave discs.
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Formed elements that are actually fragments of larger cells called megakaryocytes.
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1 of the 3 leukocyte types that are granulocytes.
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1 of the 2 leukocyte types that are agranulocytes.
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The plasma protein that increases the colloid osmotic pressure of the blood.
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This part of the cerebrum allows you to hear the sound of my voice as I speak to you.
What is the TEMPORAL LOBE?
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The circuit that delivers oxygen to cells and picks up carbon dioxide.
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The "pacemaker" of the heartbeat.
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The last component in the cardiac conduction system.
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Parasympathetic fibers release this neurotransmitter which decreases the heart rate.
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The type of blood vessel under the highest pressure.
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The role of a macrophage inside of a lymph node.
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The type of immune response in which activated T cells interact with antigen-bearing cells.
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Once tissue fluid moves into a lymphatic capillary it takes on this name.
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The type of immunity you may have received as a newborn through your mother's breast milk.
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The type of immunity you receive if given the chicken pox vaccine.
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An accessory organ of the digestive system.
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In this digestive organ, no digestion takes place, but vitamins are synthesized here by bacteria, and feces are formed.
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The secretion of the chief cells in the stomach.
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The start and end of the alimentary canal.
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The organ responsible for the production of bile.
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The alveoli are lined with this epithelial tissue.
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During inspiration, the diaphragm does this action, leading to an increase in the volume of the lungs.
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During inspiration, this change in pressure occurs because volume increases.
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If the amount of carbon dioxide if your blood increases, this change will occur to your breathing rate.
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The intercostal muscles that contract during inspiration.
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Water and sodium are typically reabsorbed in this part of the nephron.
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Blood enters the glomerulus from this blood vessel.
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During the day, most body water is lost through this source.
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The end result of spermatogenesis, starting with 1 primary spermatocyte.
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A decrease in this hormone leads to the production of menstrual flow in the female.
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The role that the kidneys play in regulating the pH of body fluids.
What is the SECRETION OF HYDROGEN IONS?