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20 terms

Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the
adolescent
The process of imprinting involves the formation of a(n)
attachment
A child's realization that others may have beliefs that the child knows to be false best illustrates the development of
a theory of mind
A mother who is slow in responding to her infant's cries of distress is most likely to encourage
insecure attachment
According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage.
phallic
Avoiding physical punishment is to ________ morality as respecting the laws of society is to ________ morality.
preconventional; conventional
Dr. Matsuko's major research interest is the long-term effects of child-rearing practices on the psychological adjustment of offspring. It is most likely that Dr. Matsuko is a(n) ________ psychologist.
developmental
During the course of successful prenatal development, a human organism begins as a(n)
zygote and finally develops into a fetus.
During which of Piaget's stages does a person develop an awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived?
sensorimotor
Freud said that when you get "stuck" at a stage of development it is called,
fixation
Gene spends a good deal of time bragging about his numerous sexual exploits. Freud would have suggested that Gene is fixated at the ________ stage.
phallic
If research suggested that a pregnant mother's use of an artificial sweetener caused harm to the fetus, the artificial sweetener would be considered a(n)
teratogen
Mrs. Pearson cut Judy's hot dog into eight pieces and Sylvia's into six pieces. Sylvia cried because she felt she wasn't getting as much hot dog as Judy. Piaget would say that Sylvia doesn't understand the principle of
conservation
One night after he heard his parents arguing, 4-year-old Wei had a vivid dream in which he saved his mother from being bitten by a large snake. A psychoanalyst would most likely suspect that Wei's dream reflects a(n)
Oedipus complex
Sixteen-year-old Brenda questions her parents' values but does not fully accept her friends' standards either. Her confusion about what she really wants and values in life suggests that Brenda is struggling with the problem of
identity
Two-year-old Damien frequently refuses to obey his parents because he derives immense pleasure from demonstrating his independence from their control. Freud would have suggested that Damien is going through the ________ stage of development.
anal
If Bobby is 5 years old, what cognitive phenomenon is he trying to master, according to Piaget?
egocentrism
For a 3 year old's psychosocial development, if a child is not encouraged to take initiative, they may experience ___________
guilt
Your 60 year old grandma is reflecting on her life to see if she lived a good life. According to Erikson she is working through __________________.
integrity vs. despair
Little Debbie is playing with her toy rabbit when her brother takes it away and hides it behind his back. Debbie does not look for it so we can say she has not developed _______________.
object permanence