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200 terms

wsu psych 230 final

STUDY
PLAY
The uterus is the female's most important producer of female sex hormones
False
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is recognized by the American Psychiatric Association as a psychological disorder
True
What layer of the uterus is partially shed during menstruation
Endometrium
What is a quadruped
Any animal that walks on four legs
If Freud is correct, sexual urges are LEAST important while a child is in which stage
Latency
What is another name for the introitus
Vaginal opening
A woman has become pregnant. Which hormone has contributed most directly to pregnancy
Progesterone
Early sexual researchers form the 19th century concentrated on the healthy and positive aspects of sexuality
False
Which statement is TRUE about menstrual manipulation
It is done with pills which suppress the growth of the uterine lining.
According to the free love movement that began in the 80s, what should the prerequisite for sexual relations be
Love
The labia minora joins at the clitoris to form the prepuce
True
What is a potential benefit of online communication
Physical characteristics are less important
Iran has one of the highest rates of sexual reassignment surgery in the world
True
What is the area of tissue between the vagina and the anus called
Perineum
In cultures that practice female circumcision, the procedure typically occurs at birth
False
When we want to project an image with our message, which of the three goals of communication are we focusing on
Identity management
What category/style of communication skills do people tend to prefer when they want to discuss strategies or learn more about a topic
Instrumentally-oriented
According to the 19th century medical mode, homosexuality is a sin
False
Couples who report disagreements in the relationship tend to experience higher levels of satisfaction than couples who report that they do not fight at all
True
What best describes how semen was viewed in early Chinese civilization
Sacred and precious
Research finds that couples who communicate with each other about sexuality issues are
More likely to report higher levels of relationship satisfaction.
According to Martin Luther, how did Protestantism differ form the teachings of the Catholic Church
Protestantism allowed divorce
If a woman has a hymen that is not intact, what can we safely assume
None of these: she is not a virgin, she has used tampons, she has engaged in vigorous exercise that has ruptured the hymen
What layer of the uterus contracts to expel menstrual fluid and push the fetus out of the womb during labor
Myometrium
The Kama Sutra contains guidance to couples about the dangers of having passion within sexual relations
False
Which are men more likely to do than women in conversation
None of these: use disclaimers, use tag questions, use hedge words
If gender-specific behavior is largely determined by biology, what is the behavior most accurately called
A gender trait
Sara is experiencing vaginal burning and rawness along with a sometimes stabbing pain in the vaginal area. Although her gynecologist has been unable to identify a specific cause, what is most likely the diagnosis
Vulvodynia
A research process is a set of assumptions, principles and methods that help a researcher understand the nature of the phenomenon being studied
False
What was the 19th century cure for hysteria
The vibrator
In the famous Brenda/Bruce story, it was shown how a transgendered person could find psychological well-being through sex reassignment surgery
False
What statement best describes Sheila Rothman's belief about the context of womanhood
What it means to be a woman has shifted from one time period to the next
According to the communication researcher, Deborah Tannen, women tend to use more _______ talk while men use more _______ talk
Rapport; report
Temple prostitutes were women who would have sex with worshipers to provide money for the temple
True
What is a characteristic of a good lover
He or she is direct in telling her partner what he or she needs for sexual satisfaction
What factor(s) contribute to communication problems for couples
All of these: health problems, inability to self-disclose, economic stressors
In the 500s, King Henry VIII of England divorced Catherine of Aragon because she gave birth to a daughter and not a son
Henry VIII's reasoning was Inaccurate: sperm cells carry the Y chromosome
What describes the ritual act of sati among Indian women
The tradition of widows throwing themselves on their husband's burning funeral pyre
Amenorrhea is a condition in which a female experiences excessive flow during menstruation
False
What was one result of the Social Hygiene Movement
Laws were passed mandating blood tests before marriage
Which type of cancer of the female reproductive system is most likely to lead to death
Ovarian
In the US, there is a particularly high value on
Physical attractiveness
What are the four main areas of PMDD symptoms
Mood, behavioral, somatic, cognitive
Most hormonal secretions are regulated by the brain
True
How did the Planned Parenthood organization first begin
As a birth control clinic in New York
Conservative politicians have repeatedly been successful in eliminating funding for sexuality research
True
According to the Onion Theory of communication people have the tendency to reveal information about themselves form the inside out
False
According to Epstein, what aspect of human behavior perpetuates gender inequalities
Dichotomous thinking
During the Renaissance, society turned from a focus on human beings to a focus on God
False
What was the name for a man who had his testicles and/or penis removed to prevent him from engaging in sexual activity
Eunuch
Related to sexuality in dating relationships, couples who wait to have sex in a relationship
Experience better relationship outcomes
Joe and Sharon have been married for 5 years, which of the last 5 they have chosen to no longer engage in sexual behaviors. What kind of marriage is this
Asexual marriage
Which group of teens was found to have lower GPAs, care less about school and experience more school problems
Teens engaging in casual sex
What are same-sex couples more likely to report in their relationships than other-sex couples
Equal sharing of household responsibilities
What is one of the most reliable predictors of whom a person will date
Proximity
All of the following are true EXCEPT
Girls most often learn about masturbation from other girls
Research has found that age and relationship length are both positively related to intimacy and commitment
True
What is found to detect more than 50% of cases of prostate cancer in its early stages
Rectal exam
All of the following statements describe the epididymis EXCEPT
It is where sperm can be stored for several months
All of the following statements regarding arranged marriages are true EXCEPT
Arranging marriages in the US is illegal
What is true of teenage pregnancy rates
Rates of pregnancy, birth and abortion since 1990 have dropped among African-American teens
According to your text, what can the strong history of protection of heterosexual marriage in the US be tied to
Procreative health
All are true about teens and contraceptive use EXCEPT
Teens in long term relationships are less likely to use contraception methods
People use their body language to reveal their level of attraction when meeting someone for the first time
True
Which stage of attachment is most likely used to describe babies who have caregivers who are uncomfortable with affection and force separation at an early age
Avoidant
According to research, what is the reason why the majority of extramarital affairs occur
Unmet emotional needs
A man is experiencing a bump in his scrotum. This happened while he was lifting heavy boxes. What condition is he most likely to have
Inguinal hernia
The best approach for parents whose five-year-old child walks in on them while they are having sexual intercourse is to
All of these: explain to the child that he or she should not imitate their behaviors, teach the child to knock before entering the bedroom in the future, have an honest discussion about love and intercourse
What is a term that identifies the group of people a person may be attracted to
Field of eligibles
The urethra carries urine outside of the body and the corpus cavernosum carries sperm outside of the body
False
Between 1990 and 2008, birth increased in which group
Older women
According to an evolutionary scientist, what characteristic of the penis would serve an important function related to sperm competition
Coronal ridge
What are some possible explanations for the lower reports of sexual activity among lesbian women
All of these: woman are less likely to initiate sex, women tend to have a lower sex drive, sexual occurrences last longer resulting in fewer overall
How many sperm per milliliter on average does each ejaculation contain
50 - 150 million per milliliter
Current research available on cohabitation makes it difficult to determine if couples who live together and later divorce would have been just as likely to divorce had they not lived together
True
Compared to a generation ago, those who got married in the early 21st century are more likely to be
Older and about as happy with their marriages
The American term for "dating" seems to be a universal concept used cross-culturally
False
What is 60-70% of semen made up of
Fluid form the seminal vesicles
Which of the following area(s) has been studied related to sperm production
All of these: cell phone use, alcohol use, bicycling
Ovulation typically produces just one egg per cycle. Why does ejaculate contain more than just one sperm
Sperm work together to achieve fertilization through combined enzyme production
Which of the following aspects of love does a person's culture impact
All of these: how easily he or she falls in love, who he or she falls in love with, how the relationship proceeds
What method did psychologist, John Alan Lee, use to identify the six different ways to love which he called "colors" of love
He collected statements about love from works of fiction and nonfiction including both ancient and modern authors.
The finding that gay men are more likely than heterosexual men to believe that "you should share your most intimate thoughts and feelings with the person you love" can possibly be explained by which statement
Gay men tend to adopt fewer stereotyped beliefs about gender roles
Annual prostate exams are recommended for men beginning at 60 years of age
False
Related to research on sex within marriages, what has been found
Reports of more frequent sexual behavior is correlated to higher levels of relationship satisfaction
What is one of the reasons given in your text for why current research on cohabitating couples may be skewed
We lack adequate relationship labels to define different "forms" of living together
Which of the following have been found to impact sperm production
All of these: soaking in a warm tub, wearing tight fitting underwear, using a laptop computer rested on the legs
What is the primary reason that the testicles are located outside of the body
Sperm need to be kept cooler to survive
Which of the following countries tends to have the lowest degree of conflict in intimate relationships
France
Riley has been asking questions such as "why do some girls have larger breasts than others
" and "do boys have a period too?" How old is Riley likely to be? 9 or 12
What is the term used to describe the set of behaviors developed in adolescence that we use to forge close relationships throughout our lives
Intimacy repertoire
The majority of women and men report that penis size is a significant factor in the quality of a sex partner
False
Which statement regarding male circumcision is TRUE
Circumcision is mainly practiced for religious and cultural reasons
By what age is a child's attachment style typically established
2 years
What characteristics do countries that have lower rates of teen pregnancy, abortion, and childbearing have in common
They have more liberal attitudes towards sexuality
Wayne is 50 years old and has recently developed a painful curvature of his penis, making penetration impossible. What would his diagnosis be
Peyronie's disease
What types of sexuality education programs were found to delay sexual behavior and reduce frequency of sexual behaviors and unprotected sex
Comprehensive education that includes abstinence and contraceptive information
What structure releases gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), signaling the physiological start of puberty in boys
The hypothalamus
Sperm requires temperatures cooler than the body's temperature for viability
True
Heterosexual men and women systematically underestimate the attractiveness of members of their own sex
False
Similar to a condom, what can also be used to cover the vulva or anus during oral sex to prevent the transmission of STIs
Dental dam
What can be concluded about reparative therapy
Reparative therapy may do more harm than good
As of 2011, Facebook relationship status options included "in a civil union" and "in a domestic partnership."
True
What position for sexual intercourse is suggested as the most effective for procreation
Male-on-top
High levels of religiosity are correlated with low levels of
Premarital sex
Low family acceptance during the coming out process is related to the increased risk of
All of these: suicide, use of illegal drugs, unprotected sexual activity
What position for sexual intercourse do sex therapists often recommend for couples experiencing difficulties with early ejaculation or lack of female orgasm
Female-on-top
What is special about the adrenal glands of the baby during birth
They are abnormally large, allowing for increased heart rate during the birthing process
What is the period of time after orgasm during which a man cannot be re-stimulated to orgasm called
Refractory stage
Which of the following sexual fantasies are reportedly more common among men than women
Having an aggressive partner
From the second through eighth weeks of pregnancy, what is the medical term for the developing human
Embryo
What happens during the first stage of labor
Placenta expulsion
During what phase of the sexual response cycle is a man most likely to have a loss of erection due to distractions
Excitement
What state struck down its laws against same-sex adoption in 2010
Florida
What change occurs in a woman's breasts during sexual arousal
Nipples may become erect
If a couple is experiencing a discrepancy in desire, meaning that one partner desires more sex more frequently than the other, who would be more likely to be identified as having a sexual problem
The partner with the lower level of sexual desire
A mother breastfeeds her infant exclusively through the first 6 months and then continues breastfeeding until the child is. Whose recommendation is she following
World Health Organization
What is the term for the practice of engaging in same-sex sexual behaviors while excluded from heterosexual encounters (such as in prison) with the plan to return to heterosexual relationships
Situational homosexuality
Which of the following describes hate crimes
All of these: hate crimes include crimes motivated by hatred of religion, sex, race and sexual orientation; according to the APA, hate crimes against homosexuals are the most socially acceptable crimes; hate crimes are known as "message crimes."
The purpose of the placenta is to separate the mother's blood supply from that of the developing fetus
True; the placenta prevents the mother's immune system form attacking the baby
Exercise is not advised during pregnancy
False
What has been found related to cross cultural factors and abortion statistics
Countries that have more liberal abortion laws have lower rates of abortion
What is a criticism of how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) classifies sexual dysfunctions
It is heterosexist
If one's partner is free of sexually transmitted infections, it is safe to swallow the male ejaculate
True
Extended cycle birth control pills are designed to reduce what
The number of menstrual cycles experienced in a given year
What is the method called when the penis is gently stretched and medication to increase blood flow is introduced to the penis
Intracavernous injections
All of the following are true related to erectile dysfunction and pharmacological treatments EXCEPT
Erectile dysfunction drugs work by causing an erection without needing any additional sexual stimulation
By day 8 the embryo
Has gills and a tail
Which theory would contend that homosexuality is the result of various reinforcements and punishments
Behavioral
Douching immediately after having vaginal intercourse while not a fail-safe method, has been found to reduce the risk of pregnancy
False
Which of the following can affect the sexual response cycle in women
All of these: the amount of time spent in each response phase, previous childbearing, menstrual cycle
What percent of all diagnosed pregnancies end in miscarriage
15 - 20%
Which vitamin supplement are pregnant women often advised to take
All of these: folic acid, B6, iron
Using cryopreservation techniques, people can choose to collect, freeze and store _______ for later pregnancy attempts
All of these: sperm, ovum, embryos
What is the name for an increase in blood flow to the genitals during the first phase of the sexual response cycle
Vasocongestion
Masturbation is unique to humans
False
Which of the following is NOT a process that facilitates conception
A mucus plug appears in the cervix to trap sperm.
What statement regarding sex during pregnancy is TRUE
Some cultures believe semen is essential throughout pregnancy for proper fetal development.
In the Sambian culture, males practice sequential homosexuality primarily through what sexual activity
Oral sex
Genital pain associated with sexual behavior is referred to as dyspareunia
True
While masturbation is common for both men and women, what is one of the most common differences related to gender and masturbation
Frequency of masturbation
All of the following are true of psychoanalytic theory and sexual orientation EXCEPT
Males who were abandoned by their mother were more likely to be homosexual
Ever since giving birth to her second child, Amber is no longer able to orgasm during intercourse. She is able to orgasm during masturbation and she used to be able to orgasm through intercourse. How would her problem most likely be classified
Secondary and situational
Rates of victimization from hate crimes are higher for boys than girls
True
Which of the following statements regarding spinal cord injuries and sexuality is TRUE
Prosthesis implantation in men with spinal cord injuries have shown high satisfaction and low complication rates
What is the estimated rate of abortions for women of reproductive age in the US
1 out of every 3
A 40 year old woman could be diagnosed with infertility after having regular unprotected sex and not conceiving after how many months
6 months
What describes the male sterilization process
It involves lower rates of complications than female sterilization
What statement is most descriptive of condoms
Condoms have been used since the beginning of recorded history
According to the video, the fetus's heart starts to beat at _____ days after contraception
3 days
What STIs are monitored by federal mandatory reporting laws
Syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV
What does the term "autoinoculation" refer to
Self-infecting a new area of one's body with an existing STI
If a man has received sexual services from a prostitute, what is the most likely sex act they have engaged in
Fellatio
On which basis has the 1986 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography been criticized
It relied on testimony from experts and laypersons who mostly supported restricting or eliminating sexually graphic materials.
What percentage of teenage runaways are likely to become involved in the sex world
85%
If you want to see competent women on TV, your best bet is to watch
Soap operas
Most role playing scenes in the BDSM subculture do not involve actual harm
True
What is the most common bacterial STI in the US
Chlamydia
What term is used in relation to becoming sexually aroused by non-human objects or non-genital body parts
Fetish
What statement describes the majority of rapes on college campuses
The victim knows the attacker and does not report the attack
A "typical" female prostitute is
Under 25, single, prostitutes full-time
Feminists who align with the anti-censorship movement are concerned that restrictions on pornography will lead to
Censorship of feminist writings and writings on homosexuality issues
In a study comparing advertisements from 1964 to 1984, what did the findings reveal
The percentage of advertisements portraying sexuality did not change from 1964 to 1984, but by 1984 sexual images were more visibly explicit.
What is the most common group of female sex workers
Streetwalkers
An adult has just been found guilty of incest. What can we safely assume
None of these: the victim was genetically related to the perpetrator, the victim was in the direct care of the perpetrator, the victim was legally related to the perpetrator
What Constitutional Amendment would someone most likely reference if they were against government attempts to regulate pornography
First amendment
Which of the following statements best describes S&M encounters
They involve planned out behaviors and no one receives lasting harm
What term refers to male sex workers who provide services to men
Hustlers
Men are more likely to be sexually assaulted by someone they know
True
What group is at higher risk of contracting hepatitis
Housemates of someone with hepatitis
Which of the following may be treated with antibiotics
Chlamydia
According to research from the Centers for Disease Control, over 90% of the time a person's body can clear the HPV virus within two years
True
During therapy, an exhibitionist is asked to imagine what his/her behavior was like from the perspective of the victim. What type of treatment is this person most likely receiving
Empathy training
It is important to notify your sexual partner as soon as positive diagnosis for an STI is made except for cases where the STI is not contagious
False
The primary aim of any therapy for paraphilias should be to change behavior
True
John Money believed that sexual development can be influenced by childhood sex play. What term did he use to describe the template of the ideal lover and sexual situation people develop based on these patterns of play
Love maps
What term describes a paraphiliac behavior involving recurrent and intense sexual arousal from fantasies or behaviors involving feces
Scatophagia
In the US, the courtroom definition of "obscenity" includes all of the following EXCEPT
Promotes sexual harassment or violence
People infected with herpes will have it for the rest of their lives, even though they may not experience any symptoms
True
What has been found related to common paraphilia behaviors
All of these: they get in the way of forming relationships, cause legal trouble, come to dominate individuals' lives
What is a common characteristic of male sex workers
They had sex at an early age and have older partners
"You're looking really good today," says person A to person B. In what context would this comment be most likely considered sexual harassment
If a male or female co-worker says it to another co-worker after the person had mentioned it makes them feel embarrassed to receive compliments
How would an adult who spends about 12 hours per week visiting sexually-oriented sites and chat rooms be identified
A compulsive user
What is the main motivation for becoming a sex worker
Economic
Pedophiles who have served time for their offenses do not typically re-offend
False
What does cross-cultural research suggest in relation to the "incest taboo"
It is universal
What mental health condition is often associated with compulsive sexual behavior
Bipolar disorder
All people who sexually abuse children are also considered pedophiles
False
The majority of sexual violence in female prisons in the US is perpetrated by
Prison staff
What is a common characteristic that differentiates female pedophiles from male pedophiles
Females are more likely to have psychiatric disorders
Statistically speaking, which of the following individuals would be at a higher risk for rape
Jessica, a 20 year old female attending college
Street-walking is the most dangerous form of prostitution
True
How can gonorrhea be contracted
All of these: oral sex, vaginal sex, newborn delivery
Of the following, which would NOT be classified as a pedophile
None of these: someone who derives sexual gratification from looking at naked children, someone who derives sexual gratification from engaging in sexual intercourse with children, someone who derives sexual gratification from exhibitionism in front of children
According to your text, what was one thing that was found to be effective in both attitudinal and behavioral change in college age males related to rape
Taking a rape education workshop
Mark tells Neda that if she goes on a date with him she will get a promotion. What kind of sexual harassment would this be
Quid pro quo
There are currently vaccines for all types of hepatitis
False
Most bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics
True
Because STIs typically require treatment at a health clinic, the number of reported STIs is an accurate prediction of the overall STI problem in the US
False
Vaginal intercourse is the most requested "service" of female prostitutes
False