the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, overnutrition, or any other nutrition deficiency
Too little food energy or too few nutrients to prevent disease or to promote growth; a form of malnutrition
Too much food energy or excess nutrients to the degree of causing disease or increasing risk of disease; a form of malnutrition
Chemical compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Sugar is a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates store energy in their chemical bonds.
a class of nutrients that does not mix with water. Fat is made mostly up of fatty acids which provide energy to the body. Technically reffered to as LIPIDS.
a class of nutrients that builds body tissues and supplies energy. Protien is made up of amino acids. refered to only as the singular protien
Essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body.
Simple forms of protein normally used to build tissues or, under some conditions, burned for energy
units used to measure energy. calories indicate how much energy in a food can be used by the body or stored in body fat
the breaking down of food into nutrients the body can use. the digestive system is a series of body organs that break foods down and absorb their nutrients
Hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminate; often a result of too little fiber in the diet
A popular term referring to foods that contribute much energy but too little of the nutrients
concerning fats and health, those fats associated strongly with heart and artery disease; mainly fats from animal sources
a type of unsaturated fat especially useful as a replacement for saturated fat in a heart-healthy diet
essential amino acids
Amino acids that are needed, but cannot be made by the body; they must be eatin in foods
people who omit meat, fish, and poultry from their diets. Some vegetarians also omit milk products and eggs.
Slow recovery of vision after flashes of bright light at night; an early symptom of vitamin A deficiency
a chemical that can stop the destructive chain reactions of free radicals, among the nutrients, vitamins c and e, betacarotene, and the mineral selenium are examples
an orange vegetable pigment that the body can change into the active form of vitamin a, one of the antioxidant nutrients
chemicals that harm the bodies tissues by starting destructive chain reactions in the molecules of the bodies cells, such reactions are believed to trigger or worsen some diseases
Reduced number or size of the red blood cells; a symptom of any of many different diseases, including some nutrient deficiencies
minerals essential in nutrition, needed in small quantities daily. iron and zinc are examples
weight too low for health. underweight is often defined as weight 10 percent or more below the appropriate weight for height
overfatness to the point of injuring health. Obesity is often defined as 20 percent or more above the appropriate weight for height
the sum total of all the energy needed to support the chemical activities of the cells and to sustain life, exclusive of voluntary activities, the largest component of a person's daily energy expenditure
movements of the body under the command of the conscious mind; one component of a person's daily energy expenditure
medications that reduce the appetite or otherwise promote weight loss, pills available over the counter usually contain caffeine and other drugs that cause more nervousness than weight loss, prescription pils include amphetamines
the physiological need to eat, experienced as a drive for obtaining food, an unpleasant sensation that demands relief
the psychological desire to eat, a learned motivation and positive sensation that accompanies the sight, smell, or thought of food
changing one's choices or actions by manipulating the cues that trigger the actions, the actions themselves, or the consequences of the actions
times of falling back into former habits, a normal part of both weight change and weight maintenance