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49 terms

French Revolution

French Revolution
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Taille
land tax on peasants/second class (anybody but 1st class)
Bourgesoisie
talented, educated, skilled middle class men. some want to participate in government but cannot because they are not born into nobility
Tennis Court Oath
Delegates of the third estate made an oath not to disband until the National Assembly had drafted a constitution
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
states the general belief of how France should treat its people-similar to our declaration.
Sans-culottes
in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
Jacobins
don't think they need any type of government at all; they want Louis dead
Committee of Public Safety
12 members, led by Robespierre; 2 primary duties: 1. defend France from those who would seek to stop the revolution.. 2. create a ''republic of virtue''
Reign of Terror
July 1793-1794; neighbor turns on neighbor; anything said turns against oneself and usually ends up getting them guillotined. most people killed were from the 3rd estate
Electors
members of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the president and vice president
Directory
5 co directors
Coup d'etat
seizure of power by force
Consulate
Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.
Civil Code/Napoleonic Code
cancels the ''birth'' factor of jobs(just b/c you weren't born in 1st class doesn't mean you can't run for office anymore)
"Old Regime"
the political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
Estates-General
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancien regime.
The Great Fear
a vast panic that spread quickly through France in 1789; peasant rebellions bacame part of the Great Fear; citizens, fearing invasion by foreign troops that would support the French monarchy, formed militias
National Assembly
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789. (p. 585)
National Convention
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
Girondists
willing to accept Louis as a constitutional monarch
Moderates/"Plain"
didn't have a side, could be either Jacobin or Girondist
"The Mountain"
This was a political party within the National Convention named because the people that made up this party sat on the highest benches in the assembly hall. These people were the activists within the Convention. The Mountain worried that the Girondists would become conservative because of their already moderate beliefs. Although they were in competition with each other, the Mountain eventually won due to their alliance with the Sans-Culottes, resulting in a more radical group of people. The mountains believed in equal outcome.
Liberal
having political or social views favoring reform and progress
Radical
favoring extreme changes, especially in politics and government
conservative
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
Guillotine
a new type of killing system created by Dr.Guillotine, nothing has turned around for them so this is what they turned too
Declaration of Pillnitz
the promise by Austria and Prussia to protect the French monarchy
Consulate
Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.
Continental system
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
Dictatorship
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
Plebescite
Expression of the people's will by direct ballot
Conscription (Draft)
required enrollment into the military
Unicameral
composed of one legislative body
Bicameral
composed of two legislative bodies
Reactionaries
Extremists who oppose a change and want to turn the clock back to the time before certain changes occurred
Louis XIV
Built many cultural aspects, very famous for Versailles. Part of the Bourbon family...ladies man
Louis XV
Louis XIV's grandson, remembered for being a very lazy king. Got france involved in many religious wars, he ran the country dry from the lavish lifestyle he was living
Olympe de Gouge
wrote the "Rights of Women and the Citizen"
Jean Paul Marat
spread word that EVERY possible thing that could go wrong was Louis fault. National assembly wants him to shut up, so he hid in the sewers and developed nasty skin condition
Charlotte Corday
assassinated Jean-Paul Marat b/c she is convinced that the Jacobins are destroying France
George Jacques Danton
leader of the Jacobins and charges
Louis XVIII
brought France back to rule
Alexander I (of Russia)
sided with Napoleon against the British
Louis XVI
inherits the country on the verge of it collapsing; VERY POOR KING-did not do his job; had no interest in anything political, would have rather been a locksmith. married Marie Antionette at a very young age
Marie Antoinette
King Louis' wife, austrian, loathed by the country. very oblivious. "Hamlet of Marie Antionette"
M. Robespierre
"man that can do no wrong" "incorruptible", incredible speaking skills, most virtuous man alive, drove the revolution off the cliff. after passed was questioned to be mentally ill
Napoleon Bonaparte
ruler of france from 1799-1815; made many promises to France that he would fix all their problems, almost like a dictatorship. he takes advantage of the open slot for a leader that France has
slogan of french rev.
liberty, equality, fraternity
Storming of Bastille
officially (violently) marks the beginning of the French revolution
Commune
community of people living together, sharing everything