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Milady Cosmetology Vocabulary
Terms in this set (143)
The art and science of beautifying and improving the skin, nails, hair and includes the study of cosmetics and their application
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDs is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection.
Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless
Capable of destroying bacteria.
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
Also known as chelating detergants; detergants that break down stubborn films, and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologist are required to do before disinfecting.
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
Also known as communicable disease; disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the moer contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pink eye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but no spores) on surfaces.
A chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on enviromental surfaces.
The ability to produce an effect.
Contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about). May also be referred to as cilia
Fungi (Singular: Fungus)
Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildew, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworms.
Capable of destroying fungi
A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HPV)
Virus that can cause AIDS
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired and is a sign of good health.
Transmission of blood or body fluid through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or enviromental surface.
The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
A condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
Material Safety Data Sheet
Informational compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling, and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Auerus
A type of infection bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon.
reusable; items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluid.
A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers
Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.
Harmless microorganisms that may prefor useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated over exposure to certain products or ingredients.
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites.
Disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes.
Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.
A fluid created by infection.
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QUATS)
Disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon.
Also know as sanitizing; a chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
Items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue is removed- such as pumice stones used for pedicures- or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting.
Common household bleach; an effective disinfectant for the salon.
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
Disease that affects the body as a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning of internal glands or organs. This disease is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.
Also known as barber's itch; a superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp.
A fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.
A ringworm fungus of the foot.
Various poisonous substances substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses).
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens.
Capable of destroying viruses.
Virus (plural; viruses)
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. A virus is capable of replication only through taking over through taking over the host cell's reproductive function.
Also known acne vulgaris; skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
Arrector pili muscles
Small, involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause goose flesh, sometimes called goose bumps, and papillae
Thickening of the skin caused by continued, repeated pressure on any part of the skin, especially the hands and feet.
Fibrous protein that gives the skin form and strength
Also known as black heads; hair follicles filled with keratin and sebum.
Small, cone-shaped elevations at the base of the hair follicles that fit into the hair bulb.
Physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair and nails
Medical branch of science that deals with the study of skin and its nature, structure, functions, diseases, and treatment
Also known as derma, corium, cutis, or true skin; underlying or inner layer of skin.
Protein base similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue.
The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis.
Outermost and thinnest layer of the skin; it is made up of five layers: stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum germinativum.
A specialist in the cleansing, beautification, and preservation of the health of skin on the entire body, including the face and neck.
A type of melanin that is dark brown to black in color. People with dark-colored skin mostly produce eumelanin. There are two types of melanin; the other type is pheomelanin.
Fibrous protein of cells that is also the principal component of hair and nails.
Tiny grains of pigment (coloring matter) that are produced by melanocytes and deposited into cells in the stratum germinativum layer of the epidermis and in the papillary layers of the dermis.
Cells that produce the dark skin pigment called melanin.
Motor Nerve Fibers
Fibers of the motor nerves that are distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to hair follicles. Motor nerves carry impluses from the brain to the muscles.
Outer layer of the dermis, directly beneath the epidermis.
Also known as pimple; small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus.
A type of melanin that is red to yellow in color. People with light-colored skin mostly produce this.
Technical term for acne bacteria.
Raised, inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion referred to as the head of the pimple.
Deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients; contains fat cells, blood vessels, sudoriferous (sweat) glands, hair folliclles, lymph vessels, arrector pili muscles, sebaceous (oil) glands, and nerve endings.
Also know as oil glands; glands connected to hair follicles. Sebum is the fatty or oily secretion from this gland
A fatty or oily secrection that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair.
Coiled base of the sudoriferous (sweat) gland.
Secretory Nerve Fibers
Fibers of the secretory nerve that are distributed to the sudoriferous glands and sebaceous glands. Secretory nerves, which are part of the autonomic nervous system, regulate the excretion of perspiration from the sweat glands and control the flow of sebum to the surface of the skin.
Sensory Nerve Fibers
Fibers of the sensory nerves that react to heat, cold, touch, pressure, and pain. Sensory receptors that send messages to the brain.
Also known as the horny layer; outer layer of the epidermis.
Also known as the basal cell layer, deepest live layer of the epidermis that produces new epidermal skin cells and is responsible for growth.
Also known as granular layer; layer of the epidermis composed of cells that look like granules and are filled with keratin; replaces cells shed from the stratum corneum.
Clear, transparent layer of the epidermis under the stratum corneum.
The spiny layer just above the stratum germinativum.
Also known as adipose or subcutis tissue; fatty tissue found below the dermis that gives smoothness and contour to the body, contains fat for use as energy, and also acts as a protective cushion for the outer skin.
Also known as sweat glands; excrete perspiration and detoxify the body by excreting excess salt and unwanted chemicals.
Small epidermis strucures with nerve endings that are sensitive to touch and pressure.
Supports the overall health of the skin; aids in the health, function, and repair of skin cells; has been shown to improve the skin's elasticity and thickness.
An important substances needed for proper repair of the skin and tissues; promotes the production of collagen in the skin's dermal tissues; aids in and promotes the skin's healing process.
Enables the body to properly absorb and use calcium, the element needed for proper bone development and maintenance. Promotes rapid healing of the skin.
Helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's UV light.
Thin layer of tissue that attaches the nail plate and the nail bed.
Living skin at the base of the natural nail plate that covers the matrix area.
Part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe.
Slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip and the free edge of the natural nail plate.
Tough band of fibrous tissue that connects bones or holds an organ in place.
Visible part of the matrix that extends from underneath the living skin; it is the whitish, half moon shape at the base of the nail.
Area where the nail plate cells are formed; this areas is composed of matrix cells that produce the nail plate.
Portion of the living skin that supports the nail plate as it grows toward the free edge.
Dead, colorless tissue attached to the natural nail plate.
Folds of normal skin that surrounds the natural nail plate.
Slits or furrows on the sides of the sidewall.
Hardened keratin plate that sits on and covers the natural nail bed. It is the most visible and functional part of the natural nail unit.
Natural Nail Unit
Composed of several major parts of the fingernail including the nail plate, nail bed, matrix, cuticle, eponychium, hyponychium, specialized ligaments, and nail fold. Together these form the ____.
Also known as lateral nail fold; the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail.
Abnormal hair loss
Autoimmune disorder that causes the affected hair follicles to be mistakenly attacked by a person's own immune system; usually begins with one or more small, round, smooth bald patches on the scalp.
Total loss of scalp hair
Complete loss of body hair.
Units that are joined together end to end like pop beads by strong, chemical peptide bonds (end bonds) to form the polypeptide chains that compromise proteins.
Also known as growth phase; phase during which new hair is produced.
Hair loss characterized by miniaturization of terminal hair that is converted to vellus hair; in men, it is known as male pattern baldness.
Technical term for grey hair; results from the loss of the hair's natural melanin pigment.
Inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci; similar to a furuncle but larger.
The brief transition period between the growth and resting phases of a hair follicle. It signals the end of the growth phase.
The five elements- carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur- that make up human hair, skin, tissue, and nails.
Middle layer of the hair; a fibrous protein core formed by elongated cells containing melanin pigment.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Milady Cosmetology Chapter 7
Milady Cosmetology Chapter 12
Milady Cosmetology Chapter 16 Haircutting
Milady's Cosmetology-chapter 9 &10
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