DonnaKayJohnson-Exam Study guide
Terms in this set (50)
the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, etc.
People that research and write about events of the human past are known as
a handmade object, as a tool, or the remains of one, as a shard of pottery, characteristic of an earlier time or cultural stage, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation.
Animal and plant remains that have been preserved over time are know as
During which era of history were the use of stone tools first used?
Anthropologists are scientists that
the person that studies the study of human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals.
How would you describe the lifestyle of nomads?
a member of a people or tribe that has no permanent abode but moves about from place to place
The process of controlling a plant or animal for human purposes of food, work, or companionship is know as
What is specialization?
the act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work
What is bipedal ?
Walks on 2 feet
What is an Ice age?
the glacial epoch, especially the Pleistocene Epoch.
How are archaeologists and detectives similar?
Each study with little clues and with lots of steps. detectives are archaeologists they both do practicaly the same thing searching for things and clues and finding things.
What feature has made modern man so successful and easily adaptable to different situations and environments?
There are many important features that have made today's society better than the other's because we have twice or maybe three times the resources then they did. They had to fend fro themselves while we can go to Walmart and get whatever we need.
What were domesticated animals used for?
Food,labor, and transportation
What type of lifestyle did hunter gatherers lead?
What does the term agriculture mean?
Producing crops and raising livestock
Why is social hierarchy often described as pyramid shaped?
the higher ranked you are the better you are like the king would be the very top cause he is ranked the highest
During this time in history, what determined a person's class status?
The role he or she played
What is Culture?
The beliefs, behaviors, and knowledge passed from one generation to the next
What is the purpose of religion?
People could worship a certain god/gods for luck or good fortune
Which rivers flooded regularly were the site of ancient Civilizations?
NIle, Tigris, Euphrates
What is the purpose of a writing system?
to keep stories and strategies
What led to interaction among people and spread of culture?
Climate & Resources
What is cultural diffusion?
Spreading of culture
Where were the worlds first civilization built 5,000 years ago?
What two main rivers are locates in Mesopotamia?
Tigris & Euphrates
How did the agricultural revolution lead to the development of larger and more advanced cities?
They were able to be more productive and accomplish more.
What is a pharaoh?
a title of an ancient Egyptian king.
What does polytheistic mean?
The belief in or worship of more than one god.
What is fibrous water plant used by ancient Egyptians to create a material used to write on?
What is mummification?
Preserve by embalming it and wrapping it in cloth.
What was the source of all life in ancient Egypt, which other wise would be barren dessert?
The Nile & the fertile land along it's banks.
What enriched the soiled and improved yearly harvests?
The yearly flooding of the Nile.
How many Gods and Goddesses did ancient Egyptians worship?
The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods and goddesses.
What was the role of gods and goddess?
Maintain piece and harmony across the land and impacted all areas of daily life.
Who was responsible for creating laws, collecting taxes, and protecting Egypt from foreign invaders?
What is the greatest achievement of Menes?
When he united two kingdoms
Are the accounts of ancient historians always accurate? Why or why not? prt 3
No they often exaggerate the truth
What is Ancient Greece often called?
They were often called the " Cradle of western civilization"
Why was a large wooden horse used in the Trojan war?
sneak soldiers inside gates
How are vases from ancient Greece decorated?
They were decorated with artwork that told stories
What did each city state have?
It had its own government and laws.
What is the difference between tyranny and a democracy?
Tyranny has one ruler Democracy elected their ruler
What allowed Sparta to become powerful and successful?
They had the finest warriors
What is Athens known for?
Their great artist, poets and thinkers
What type of government did Athens have?
Who was the king of all gods?
What was the purpose of the Olympic games?
Who invented geometry?
Euclid & Pythagoras
What did gods and goddesses control?
Aspects of life on Earth.
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